COMMANDER v. LARGMANN et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge Stanley R. Chesler on 5/17/17. (cm, )
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
DETECTIVE CRAIG LARGMANN,
DETECTIVE TAMI SISK PARSLEY,
SCOTT SMITH, JAMIE SMITH,
LAUREN YOUMANS, JOHN DOES 1-10
Civil Action No. 13-6222 (SRC)(CLW)
CHESLER, District Judge
This matter comes before the Court upon the motion for summary judgment by
Defendants Craig Largmann (“Largmann”) and Tami Sisk Parsley (“Parsley”) [Docket Entry
43]. Plaintiff Darren Commander (“Commander”) does not oppose the motion [Docket Entry
45]. Additionally, Plaintiff requests that the action against Defendants Scott Smith and Jamie
Smith (“the Smiths” or “the Smith brothers”) be voluntarily dismissed without prejudice [Docket
Entry 45]. The Court has considered the parties’ submissions and proceeds to rule without oral
argument, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 78. For the reasons set forth below, the
Court will grant summary judgment in favor of Defendants Largmann and Parsley. Additionally,
the Court grants Plaintiff’s request to voluntarily dismiss the action against Defendants Scott
Smith and Jamie Smith without prejudice.
On or around February 23, 2012 at about 6:00 AM, Jamie Smith was hit by a black latemodel Mercedes-Benz in Bayonne, New Jersey, while on his way to join his brother Scott Smith
to carpool to work. (Compl. ¶¶ 9-10, 13.) Jamie Smith was dragged 75 feet by the Mercedes,
which caused him injuries. (Compl. ¶ 13.) Plaintiff Commander denies owning the Mercedes in
question, despite the fact that he is listed as the owner on the motor vehicle accident report.
(Compl. ¶ 18.) Jamie Smith and Scott Smith provided statements to the police about the
encounter, both on the day of the accident and afterwards. (Compl. ¶¶ 13, 15, 19, 20-21.)
Commander was arrested on charges related to this incident on April 17, 2012. (Compl. ¶ 39.)
He was charged with aggravated assault, possession of a weapon for a unlawful purpose, and
theft by unlawful taking. (Defs.’ Br. at 7.) A jury convicted Commander of third-degree
aggravated assault with a weapon (the car), pursuant to N.J.S.A. 2C:12-1(b)(2), and acquitted of
the other charges. State v. Commander, 2015 WL 3948917, at *1 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div.
June 30, 2015), certif. denied, 223 N.J. 557 (2015). The sentence was upheld on appeal. Id. The
New Jersey Supreme Court rejected and denied Plaintiff’s petition for certification, and the
United States Supreme Court also denied his petition for certiorari. (Defs.’ Br. at 9-10.)
Plaintiff Commander filed a Complaint against Defendants on October 18, 2013, alleging
that Defendants had schemed to cause his false arrest and imprisonment under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
[Docket Entry 1]. His Complaint alleges that Defendants violated his due process rights,
violated the New Jersey Civil Rights Act, falsely arrested him, engaged in a civil conspiracy, and
maliciously prosecuted him. These claims are based on Commander’s allegation that the Smiths
and the other Defendants conspired to obtain a money judgment from Commander due to their
belief that he was wealthy. (Compl. ¶¶ 3, 8-9, 12, 25, 27, 35, 36, 61, 69, 72-74, 76.) Now,
Defendants Largmann and Parsley move for summary judgment.
The other Defendants, the Smith brothers, initially failed to answer, and the Clerk entered
a default against the Smiths on January 13, 2014. Jamie Smith subsequently answered on
January 27, 2014 [Docket Entry 13], and Scott Smith answered on January 28, 2014 [Docket
Entry 12]. The parties proceeded forward with the litigation, but after the Smiths failed to appear
at a status conference before Magistrate Judge Cathy L. Waldor on January 22, 2016,
Commander renewed his request for a default before the Clerk, which was granted on January
27, 2016. Commander then filed a motion for entry of default judgment against Jamie Smith and
Scott Smith, which this Court denied on July 8, 2016. Now, Plaintiff requests to voluntarily
dismiss the claims against the Smith brothers without prejudice.
SUMMARY JUDGMENT STANDARD
Summary judgment is appropriate under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(c) when the
moving party demonstrates that there is no genuine issue of material fact and the evidence
establishes the moving party’s entitlement to judgment as a matter of law. Celotex Corp. v.
Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322-23 (1986). A factual dispute is genuine if a reasonable jury could
return a verdict for the non-movant, and it is material if, under the substantive law, it would
affect the outcome of the suit. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986). “In
considering a motion for summary judgment, a district court may not make credibility
determinations or engage in any weighing of the evidence; instead, the non-moving party’s
evidence ‘is to be believed and all justifiable inferences are to be drawn in his favor.’” Marino v.
Indus. Crating Co., 358 F.3d 241, 247 (3d Cir. 2004) (quoting Anderson, 477 U.S. at 255).
“When the moving party has the burden of proof at trial, that party must show
affirmatively the absence of a genuine issue of material fact: it must show that, on all the
essential elements of its case on which it bears the burden of proof at trial, no reasonable jury
could find for the non-moving party.” In re Bressman, 327 F.3d 229, 238 (3d Cir. 2003)
(quoting United States v. Four Parcels of Real Prop., 941 F.2d 1428, 1438 (11th Cir. 1991)).
“[W]ith respect to an issue on which the nonmoving party bears the burden of proof . . . the
burden on the moving party may be discharged by ‘showing’—that is, pointing out to the district
court—that there is an absence of evidence to support the nonmoving party’s case.” Celotex,
477 U.S. at 325.
Once the moving party has satisfied its initial burden, the party opposing the motion must
establish that a genuine issue as to a material fact exists. Jersey Cent. Power & Light Co. v.
Lacey Twp., 772 F.2d 1103, 1109 (3d Cir. 1985). The party opposing the motion for summary
judgment cannot rest on mere allegations and instead must present actual evidence that creates a
genuine issue as to a material fact for trial. Anderson, 477 U.S. at 248; Siegel Transfer, Inc. v.
Carrier Express, Inc., 54 F.3d 1125, 1130-31 (3d Cir. 1995). “[U]nsupported allegations . . . and
pleadings are insufficient to repel summary judgment.” Schoch v. First Fid. Bancorporation,
912 F.2d 654, 657 (3d Cir. 1990); see also FED. R. CIV. P. 56(e) (requiring the nonmoving party
to “set out specific facts showing a genuine issue for trial”). “A nonmoving party has created a
genuine issue of material fact if it has provided sufficient evidence to allow a jury to find in its
favor at trial.” Gleason v. Norwest Mortg., Inc., 243 F.3d 130, 138 (3d Cir. 2001).
If the nonmoving party has failed “to make a showing sufficient to establish the existence
of an element essential to that party’s case, and on which that party will bear the burden of proof
at trial, . . . there can be ‘no genuine issue of material fact,’ since a complete failure of proof
concerning an essential element of the nonmoving party’s case necessarily renders all other facts
immaterial.” Katz v. Aetna Cas. & Sur. Co., 972 F.2d 53, 55 (3d Cir. 1992) (quoting Celotex,
477 U.S. at 322-23).
Defendants Largmann and Parsley argue that Plaintiff’s claims against them are barred by
the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994). Heck held that:
[I]n order to recover damages for allegedly unconstitutional conviction or imprisonment,
or for other harm caused by actions whose unlawfulness would render a conviction or
sentence invalid, a [Section] 1983 plaintiff must prove that the conviction or sentence has
been reversed on direct appeal, expunged by executive order, declared invalid by a state
tribunal authorized to make such determination, or called into question by a federal
court's issuance of a writ of habeas corpus, 28 U.S.C. 2254. A claim for damages bearing
that relationship to a conviction or sentence that has not been so invalidated is not
cognizable under [Section] 1983. [Emphasis in original].
Id. at 487. Moreover, a plaintiff cannot bring a malicious prosecution claim if his criminal
conviction stands. See Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477, 484 (1994).
Here, Commander has been convicted for third-degree aggravated assault with a weapon
and that conviction has been upheld by the Appellate Division. State v. Commander, 2015 WL
3948917, at *1 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. June 30, 2015), cert. denied, 223 N.J. 557 (2015).
Plaintiff’s claims in this civil suit are limited to malicious prosecution-type claims – he claims
that there was a conspiracy to arrest and prosecute him. (Compl. ¶ 8, 9, 25, 61, 69, 72-74, 76.)
Plaintiff relies on these facts in each of the Counts in the Complaint. (Compl. ¶ 61, 69, 72-74,
76.) But, since plaintiff has failed to prove that the criminal proceeding giving rise to his
malicious prosecution claim concluded in his favor, he cannot pursue any of his malicious
prosecution-type claims. See Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477, 484 (1994). 1 Plaintiff concedes
Moreover, any claim that is not barred by Heck v. Humphrey is barred by collateral estoppel.
Under the common law doctrine of collateral estoppel, a defendant may not contest an issue in a
civil suit that has been resolved in the Government’s favor in a criminal prosecution, whether the
defendant pled guilty or was convicted after a trial. United States v. Killough, 848 F.2d 1523,
1528 (11th Cir. 1988) (citation omitted). Because Commander was convicted, Plaintiff cannot
now contest issues that were decided in the civil case.
that he has no basis upon which to oppose Defendant Largmann and Parsley’s motion for
summary judgment and thus the Court concludes that no genuine issues of material fact exist and
this case can be decided as a matter of law. This Court therefore grants summary judgment.
As to Plaintiff’s request that his claims against Defendants Scott Smith and Jamie Smith
be dismissed voluntarily without prejudice, the Smith brothers have not commented, and thus
this Court also grants that request.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court will grant the Defendant Largmann and Parsley’s
motion for summary judgment. The Court will also grant Plaintiff’s request to voluntarily
dismiss his claims against Defendants Scott Smith and Jamie Smith without prejudice. An
appropriate Order will be filed herewith.
s/ Stanley R. Chesler
STANLEY R. CHESLER
United States District Judge
Dated: May 17, 2017
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