ROMERO v. COUNTY OF BERGEN et al
LETTER ORDER/OPINION administratively terminating w/out prejudice 94 Motion to Preclude; that counsel will begin the meet and confer process within ten days of this Order and keep detailed notes of their efforts. Signed by Magistrate Judge Steven C. Mannion on 2/28/17. (DD, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Martin Luther King Jr, Federal Bldg.
& U.S. Courthouse
50 Walnut Street
Newark, NJ 07102
STEVEN C. MANNION
United States Magistrate Judge
February 28, 2017
D.E. No. 94
Romero v. County of Bergen, et al.
Civil Action No. 14cv6804 (SDW)(SCM) (consolidated with)
Tassillo, et al. v. County of Bergen, et al.
Civil Action No. 14cv6840
Before this Court is Plaintiffs James Tassillo, Alvin Nunez, and Elby Tineo (collectively
the “Tassillo Plaintiffs”) motion to preclude Defendant County of Bergen (the “County”) from
presenting evidence identified in its Federal Rule of Civil Procedure (“Rule”) 30(b)(6) deposition
notice.1 The County Defendants and Defendant Peter Incardone opposed2 and the Tassillo
Plaintiffs filed a reply.3 The Court has reviewed the parties’ submissions and for the reasons set
forth below, the Tassillo Plaintiffs motion is administratively terminated without prejudice.4
(ECF Docket Entry No. (“D.E.”) 94).
(D.E. 95, 96).
(D.E. 97). Reply papers are not permitted on discovery motions without first obtaining permission
from the magistrate judge. See L. Civ. R. 37.1(b)(3).
DISCUSSION & ANALYSIS
MAGISTRATE JUDGE AUTHORITY
Magistrate judges are authorized to decide any non-dispositive motion designated by the
Court.5 This District specifies that magistrate judges may determine all non-dispositive pre-trial
motions6 including scheduling motions7 and discovery motions.8 Decisions by magistrate judges
must be upheld unless “clearly erroneous or contrary to law.”9
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure must be construed by the Court and the parties to
secure “the just, speedy, and inexpensive determination of every action and proceeding.” 10 A
Court’s pretrial order “controls the course of the action unless the court modifies it.”11 This is
because the Court maintains control over the schedule to expedite disposition of the action and to
discourage wasteful pretrial activities.12 This dispute concerns the adequacy of the deposition
testimony given by the County’s Rule 30(b)(6) witness, current Director of Public Safety Ralph
Rivera (“Director Rivera”), on September 30, 2016.13 Rather than raise a dispute at the deposition
28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A).
L. Civ. R. 72.1(a)(1).
Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(a).
L. Civ. R. 37.1.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 1.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(d).
Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(a).
(D.E. 94-2, Certification of Donald F. Burke, Esq. (“Burke Cert.”) at ¶¶ 18-21). It should be
noted by all counsel that affidavits, declarations, and certifications are “restricted to statements of
and meeting and conferring with defense counsel, the Tassillo Plaintiffs unilaterally sought the
Court’s intervention and filed the pending motion without obtaining leave as required by this
Court’s rules and orders.
a. Counsel Are Required to Meet and Confer
Our Local Rules require that counsel “shall confer” in good faith and attempt to informally
resolve any discovery disputes before seeking the Court’s intervention.14 That requirement is also
prescribed by the Paragraph 7 of the Initial Scheduling Order.15 To ensure that this prerequisite is
satisfied, when a discovery motion is filed, the movant must certify their efforts to confer in good
faith to resolve the issue without court action.16 Motion papers “shall set forth the date and method
of communication used in attempting to reach agreement.”17
The Tassillo Plaintiffs did not satisfy these requirements. At Director Rivera’s deposition,
counsel for Plaintiff Edward Romero raised an issue with the adequacy of his testimony which
prompted the County to produce an alternative representative to testify.18 Accordingly, that
dispute was resolved without Court intervention. By contrast, counsel for the Tassillo Plaintiffs
fact within the personal knowledge of the signatory. Argument of the facts and the law shall not
be contained in such documents. Legal arguments and summations in such documents will be
disregarded by the Court and may subject the signatory to appropriate censure, sanctions or both.”
L. Civ. R. 7.2(a). Accordingly, the Court shall disregard the arguments of fact and law contained
within each of the certifications.
L. Civ. R. 37.1(a)(1).
(D.E. 7, Initial Scheduling Order at ¶ 7).
Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(a)(1).
L. Civ. R. 37.1(b)(1).
(D.E. 95-1, Certification of Joseph Santanasto, Esq. (“Santanasto Cert.”) at ¶¶ 13-15).
neither raised nor discussed any such dispute with defense counsel.19 Instead, they contacted the
Court by letter dated November 15, 2016 to request leave to file the instant motion.20
On November 21, 2016, the Court issued the following Text Order:
The Court has reviewed the correspondence docketed at entries 85
and 88. Counsel should be familiar with the FRCP, this Courts local
rules, and the requirements of the Initial Scheduling Order, D.E. 7
at Para. 7, which require that counsel have a bona fide meet and
confer before raising discovery disputes to the Court by joint letter.
Counsel shall confer for no less than 60 minutes on the issue prior
to the 12/12/16 in-person conference.21
Despite the Court’s Order, the Tassillo Plaintiffs failed to confer with defense counsel. On
December 11, 2016, defense counsel “reached out to Mr. Burke [counsel for the Tassillo Plaintiffs]
via telephone in an effort to resolve any deficiencies he believed to exist in Director Rivera's
testimony.”22 Mr. Burke reportedly informed defense counsel that “he did not believe he needed
to confer . . . regarding this matter,” that he “was not interested” in remedying any alleged
discovery deficiencies, but rather only cared about filing the instant motion.23 Mr. Burke has not
disputed this account of the conversation except to say that he offered to “proceed with another
deposition . . . if the County of Bergen would compensate [the Tassillo Plaintiffs] for the time and
expense of the first deposition.”24
(Id. at ¶¶ 16-17; D.E. 88).
(D.E. 95-1, Santanasto Cert. at ¶ 20).
(Id. at ¶¶ 21, 25-27).
(D.E. 97-1, Pl.’s Reply, Burke Cert. at ¶ 7(b)(i)).
The next day, on December 12, 2016, counsel appeared before the Court for a status
conference, and Mr. Burke did not raise the dispute with the Court. Thereafter, the Tassillo
Plaintiffs filed their motion without a bona fide meet and confer with defense counsel or the
required certification of their efforts to resolve the dispute.25
Prior Leave Required
The Tassillo Plaintiffs were also required to seek and obtain leave from the Court to file a
discovery motion.26 They did neither. While leave was initially requested to file the instant motion
by letter on November 15, 2016, the Court ordered the parties to engage in a bona fide meet and
confer prior to the December 12, 2016 in-person conference, and to raise the dispute by letter if it
could not be resolved. 27 Rather than file an informal letter, as required by the Court, the Tassillo
Plaintiffs filed the pending motion on January 4, 2017, without leave.28 In cases such as this, the
Federal Rules prescribe a variety of sanctions.29 However, the Court will administratively
terminate the motion without prejudice to afford the parties another opportunity to informally
resolve this dispute.30
An appropriate Order follows:
(See D.E. 94).
(See D.E. 7, Initial Scheduling Order; D.E. 89).
See Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(f) and 37.
Counsel may consider a wide range of options. Perhaps the County will agree in writing to be
bound by specific Rule 30(b)(1) deposition testimony that for the areas of perceived deficiencies
in Rule 30(b)(6) testimony. Counsel may also consider specific written deposition questions or
supplemental written responses to previously asked questions. There is also the option of
producing additional witnesses as was done once before.
IT IS on this Tuesday, February 28, 2017,
1. ORDERED, that the Tassillo Plaintiffs motion to preclude evidence identified in Defendants’
Rule 30(b)(6) deposition notice (D.E. 94) is administratively terminated without prejudice; and
it is further
2. ORDERED, that counsel will begin the meet and confer process within ten days of this Order
and keep detailed notes of their efforts.
2/28/2017 10:44:08 AM
Original: Clerk of the Court
Hon. Susan D. Wigenton, U.S.D.J.
cc: All parties
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