UMALI v. CIGNA HEALTH AND LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge William J. Martini on 4/30/15. (gh, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
SHIRLEY H. UMALI, Individually and as
Executor of the Estate of Jocelito Umali,
Civ. No. 2:14-cv-07376 (WJM)
CIGNA HEATH AND LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY, et al.,
WILLIAM J. MARTINI, U.S.D.J.:
Plaintiff Shirley Umali filed this case against Defendants CIGNA Health and Life
Insurance (“CIGNA Health”), CIGNA Corporation (“CIGNA Corp.”), and Life Insurance
Company of North America (“LINA”). She alleges breach of contract and violations of
New Jersey law related to her deceased husband’s group term life insurance policy.
Defendants move to dismiss under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Plaintiff
moves to file an amended complaint. There was no oral argument. Fed. R. Civ. P. 78(b).
For the reasons explained below, Defendants’ motion to dismiss is GRANTED, and
Plaintiff’s motion to amend is GRANTED.
The following facts are alleged in the Complaint. Defendants issued a group life
insurance policy to Trustee of the Group Insurance Trust for Employers in the
Manufacturing Industry (the “Policy”). Compl. ¶ 6, ECF No. 1-2. Fresenius Medical
Care Holdings, Inc. d/b/a Fresenius Medical Care, N.A. (“Fresenius”) is a subscriber to
the Policy. Id. ¶ 9. Jocelito Umali (“Decedent”) worked for Fresenius. Id. ¶ 9. Plaintiff
is Decedent’s widow and is his beneficiary under the Policy. Id. ¶ 7.
On October 23, 2013, Decedent applied to increase his supplemental life insurance
coverage from three times ($185,000) to eight times ($493,000) his annual salary under
the re-solicitation provision of the Policy. Compl. ¶ 10. The Court will refer to the
additional $308,000 in supplemental life insurance for which Decedent applied as the
“Increased Death Benefit.” Decedent’s application to increase his supplemental life
insurance states “I understand that my insurance will not go into effect unless I am
actively at work on the effective date.” Cert. of Donna Russo (“Russo Cert.”) Ex. 1 at 3,
ECF No. 8-1.1 On November 21, 2013, Defendants approved the application. Id. ¶ 11.
The Complaint alleges that Decedent’s application to increase his coverage does not
contain any information as to the effective date of the Increased Death Benefit. Id. ¶ 12.
However, the Complaint is silent as to when the Increased Death Benefit became
effective. Defendants maintain that the Increased Death Benefit had an effective date of
January 1, 2014. Id. ¶ 13.
Decedent subsequently became seriously ill. Compl. ¶ 14. His last day at work
was December 5, 2013. Id. ¶ 15. On December 24, 2013, he was approved for shortterm disability benefits, effective December 6, 2013. Id. ¶ 16. He died on February 10,
2014. Id. ¶ 18.
On March 4, 2014, Plaintiff filed a group term life insurance claim with
Defendants. Compl. ¶ 20. On March 11, 2014, Fresenius sent a letter to Defendants’
claim processing department requesting that Defendants pay $124,000 in basic benefits
and $493,000 in supplemental life insurance benefits to Plaintiff. Id. ¶ 21. On March 28,
2014, Defendants approved a payment of $124,000 in basic benefits and $185,000 in
supplemental life insurance benefits, which was the coverage amount in effect prior to
Decedent’s application for an increase. Id. ¶ 22.
On April 3, 2014, Defendants advised Plaintiff that they would not pay the
Increased Death Benefit, because Decedent was not in “active service” on the effective
date of the Increased Death Benefit. Compl. ¶ 23. Thus, Defendants maintain that the
Increased Death Benefit never became effective. Id. ¶ 26. Plaintiff has exhausted her
administrative appeals. Id. ¶ 29.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) provides for the dismissal of a complaint,
in whole or in part, if the plaintiff fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.
The moving party bears the burden of showing that no claim has been stated. Hedges v.
United States, 404 F.3d 744, 750 (3d Cir. 2005). In deciding a motion to dismiss under
Rule 12(b)(6), a court must take all allegations in the complaint as true and view them in
the light most favorable to the plaintiff. See Warth v. Seldin, 422 U.S. 490, 501 (1975);
Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts, Inc. v. Mirage Resorts Inc., 140 F.3d 478, 483 (3d Cir.
On a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), a court may consider materials directly relied upon in the plaintiff's
complaint. Greer v. Smith, 59 Fed. App’x 491, 492 n.1 (3d Cir. 2003) (citing Southern Cross Overseas Agencies,
Inc. v. Wah Kwong Shipping Group Ltd., 181 F.3d 410, 426-27 (3d Cir. 1999). The Court will thus consider both
the Policy and Decedent’s application to increase his coverage.
Although a complaint need not contain detailed factual allegations, “a plaintiff’s
obligation to provide the ‘grounds’ of his ‘entitlement to relief’ requires more than labels
and conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not
do.” Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). Thus, the factual allegations
must be sufficient to raise a plaintiff’s right to relief above a speculative level, such that it
is “plausible on its face.” See id. at 570; see also Umland v. PLANCO Fin. Serv., Inc.,
542 F.3d 59, 64 (3d Cir. 2008). A claim has “facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads
factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is
liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citing
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556). While “[t]he plausibility standard is not akin to a
‘probability requirement’ . . . it asks for more than a sheer possibility.” Id.
The Complaint asserts the following claims:
(1) Count One: Violation of N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B:27-72(l);
(2) Count Two: Violation of N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B:27-72(i) and N.J. Stat.
Ann. § 17B:27-73;
(3) Count Three: Breach of Contract; and
(4) Count Four: Violation of N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B:27-72(k).
Defendants move to dismiss the Complaint. Defendants argue that the Increased
Death Benefit never became effective, because Plaintiff left work on disability prior to its
effective date. Thus, Defendants argue that Plaintiff’s claims are barred by the plain and
unambiguous terms of the Policy, which complies with New Jersey law. Defendants
further argue that the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”)
preempts Plaintiff’s Section 17:27-73 (Count Two) and breach of contract (Count Three)
claims. Finally, Defendants ask this court to dismiss CIGNA Heath and CIGNA Corp.
from this action, because LINA was the sole insurer of, and claims administrator for, the
Policy. Plaintiff moves to amend by adding an ERISA claim.
The parties agree that ERISA applies to the Policy. Plaintiff does not dispute –
and the Court agrees – that ERISA preempts Plaintiff’s breach of contract claim. See 29
U.S.C. § 1144; Pryzbowski v. U.S. Healthcare, Inc., 245 F.3d 266, 278 (3d Cir. 2001)
(holding ERISA preempts “suits against . . . insurance companies for denial of benefits,
even when the claim is couched in terms of common law negligence or breach of
contract”). And ERISA also preempts the claim under Section 17B:27-73. See Estate of
Trovato v. Marcal Mfg. LLC, No. 11-181, 2011 WL 4550169, at *4 (D.N.J. Sept. 29,
2011) (holding that ERISA’s preemption provision applies to Section 17B:27-73). The
Court will thus dismiss the Section 17B:27-73 claim in Count Two and the entirety of
The Court will analyze the claims under N.J. Stat. Ann. Section 17B:27-72 in
Counts One, Two, and Four, as well as Plaintiff’s motion to amend, below.
A. Violations of N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B:27-72
Section 17B:27-72 sets forth provisions that must be included in group life
insurance policies delivered or issued for delivery in New Jersey. The Complaint
purports to allege violations of subsections (l), (k), and (i). The Court notes that the
parties have not raised the issue of whether a private cause of action exists under Section
17B:27-72. Because the Court finds that the Policy complies with Section 17B:27-72, it
need not reach the issue.
i. Subsection (l)
In Count One, Plaintiff alleges that Defendants violated N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B:2772(l). Subsection (l) reads as follows:
l. Where active employment is a condition of insurance, the policy shall
contain a provision that an insured may continue coverage during the
insured’s total disability by timely payment to the policyholder of that
portion, if any, of the premium that would have been required from the
insured had total disability not occurred. The continuation shall be on a
premium paying basis for a period of six months from the date on which the
total disability started, but not beyond the earlier of:
(1) Approval by the insurer of continuation of the coverage under
any disability provision which the group insurance policy may
(2) The discontinuance of the group insurance policy.
N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B:27-72(l).
Count One fails to state a claim. The Policy contains the following “Extended
Death Benefit with Waiver of Premium” provision:
If an Employee becomes Disabled and is less than age 60, the Life
Insurance Benefits shown in the Schedule of Benefits will be extended
without premium payment until the earlier of the following dates:
The date that the Employee is no longer Disabled; or
9 months after the end of Active Service.
See Decl. of Amy S. Kline (“Kline Decl.”) Ex. 2 at 1, ECF No. 6-1. Thus, the Policy
actually provides more coverage than subsection (l) requires. Moreover, contrary to
Plaintiff’s argument, nothing in subsection (l) indicates that “a group policy cannot
condition coverage on ‘active employment.’” Pl.’s Opp’n Br. 7, ECF No. 8. Rather, the
language of that Section explicitly contemplates policy language that conditions
insurance on active employment. See N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B:27-72(l) (“Where active
employment is a condition of insurance, the policy shall . . . .”) (emphasis added).
ii. Subsections (i) (Count Two) and (k) (Count Four)
In Counts Two and Four, Plaintiff alleges that Defendants violated N.J. Stat. Ann.
§§ 17B27-72(i) and (k). Subsection (i) provides:
The policy shall contain a provision that, if [the coverage] ceases because
of termination . . . of membership in the class eligible for coverage under
the policy . . . , the person shall be entitled to have issued to him by the
insurer, without evidence of insurability, an individual policy . . . provided
application for the individual policy shall be made, and the first premium
paid to the insurer, within 31 days after termination . . . .
N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B27-72(i). And under subsection (k):
k. The policy shall contain a provision that, if a person insured under the
group policy, or the insured dependent of a covered person, dies during the
period within which the individual would have been entitled to have an
individual policy issued in accordance with subsection i. or j. of this section
and before the individual policy shall have become effective, the amount of
life insurance which he would have been entitled to have issued under the
individual policy shall be payable as a claim under the group policy,
whether or not application for the individual policy or the payment of the
first premium therefor had been made.
N.J. Stat. Ann. § 17B:27-72(k).
Consistent with subsections (i) and (k), the Policy includes a “Conversion
Privilege for Life Insurance Provision” that permits an insured to “convert all or any
portion of his or her Life Insurance that would end under the Policy due to,” among
others, “termination of membership in an eligible class under the Policy.” Klein Decl.
Ex. 2 at 18. The Policy further provides that if the insured dies during the conversion
period, “Life Insurance benefits will be paid under the Policy regardless of whether he or
she applied for conversion insurance.” Id.
Finally, Plaintiff has alleged nothing – based on Section 17B:27-72 or otherwise –
that permits the reasonable inference that she is entitled to anything more than the amount
she has already received from Defendants under the Policy. Notably, the Complaint
contains no allegations indicating that the Increased Death Benefit ever became effective.
And the Complaint does not provide any explanation as to why, based on the cited
statutory provisions, Defendants should be forced to pay an approved – but not yet
effective – Increased Death Benefit. The Court will dismiss the Complaint.2
B. Motion to Amend
The Court now turns to Plaintiff’s motion for leave to file a proposed amended
complaint. The only difference between the Complaint and the proposed amended
complaint is the addition of a Fifth Count, which incorporates the allegations of the prior
four Counts and seeks relief under ERISA.
A civil action may be brought—
(1) by a participant or beneficiary-(A) for the relief provided for in subsection (c) of this section,
(B) to recover benefits due to him under the terms of his plan,
to enforce his rights under the terms of the plan, or to clarify
his rights to future benefits under the terms of the plan . . . .
29 U.S.C. § 1132.
The Court will not permit Plaintiff to file the proposed amended complaint.
Plaintiff’s amendment is grounded on the premise that “defendants are in breach of their
contract” and she, therefore, has stated a claim under ERISA. Proposed Am. Compl. 910, ECF No. 9-1. But the proposed amended complaint does not allege that Defendants
breached the Policy in any way. Specifically, the proposed amended complaint lacks any
allegation that the Increased Death Benefit ever became effective or was otherwise
subject to Decedent’s rights under the Policy. However, given the Third Circuit’s liberal
approach to the amendment of pleadings, the Court will grant Plaintiff one final
opportunity to amend her Complaint. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2) (“The court should
freely give leave when justice so requires.”); In re Burlington Coat Factory Secs. Litig.,
114 F.3d 1410, 1434 (3d Cir. 1997) (noting that, in the absence of undue delay, bad faith,
or dilatory motives by the movant, the court should grant leave to amend, unless it is
futile or unfairly prejudicial to the non-moving party).
For the reasons stated above, Defendants’ motion to dismiss is GRANTED. The
Complaint is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE. Plaintiff’s motion to amend is
Because the Court finds that the Complaint fails to allege any claims, it has not reached Defendants’ argument that
LINA is the only properly named Defendant in this action.
GRANTED. Plaintiff shall have thirty days to file an amended complaint consistent with
this Opinion. An appropriate order follows.
/s/ William J. Martini
WILLIAM J. MARTINI, U.S.D.J.
Date: April 30, 2015
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