KAMAL v. J. CREW GROUP, INC. et al
OPINION fld. Signed by Magistrate Judge Mark Falk on 12/29/15. (sr, )
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
AHMED KAMAL, on behalf of himself
and the putative class,
Civil Action No. 15-0190 (WJM)
J. CREW GROUP, INC.; J. CREW
INC.; J. CREW INTERMEDIATE LLC;
J. CREW INTERNATIONAL, INC.; J.
CREW OPERATING CORP.; J. CREW
SERVICES, INC.; CHINOS
HOLDINGS, INC.; and CHINOS
Before the Court is Defendants’ motion to stay the case. [CM/ECF No. 35.] The motion is
opposed. No oral argument was heard. Fed. R. Civ. P. 78 (b). Based upon the following, the
motion is granted.
Defendants J. Crew, a clothing apparel conglomerate, owns and operates more than 300 retail
stores throughout the United States. Plaintiff, Ahmed Kamal, is a New York resident, and according
to the Complaint [CM/ECF No. 1] a loyal customer of J. Crew clothing. On January 10, 2015,
Plaintiff filed a class action Complaint based upon Defendants’ alleged violation of the Fair and
Accurate Credit Transactions Act (“FACTA”) amendment to the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15
U.S.C. § 1681 et seq. [CM/ECF No. 1.] On February 23, 2015, J. Crew moved to dismiss the
Complaint based on Plaintiff’s failure to state a willful violation of FACTA. [CM/ECF No. 15.] On
March 25, 2015, Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint alleging that J. Crew willfully violated
FACTA by disclosing more than the last five digits of Plaintiff’s credit card number on three of his
receipts. Plaintiff seeks to represent a class of all persons or entities to whom Defendants provided
an electronically printed receipt in a sale or transaction occurring after January 10, 2010. Plaintiff
seeks statutory and punitive damages.
J. Crew has now moved to stay this litigation based on the fact that the Supreme Court has
granted a petition for writ of certiorari review of Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, No. 13-1339 (U.S. Apr. 27,
2015). The Supreme Court is going to address the issue of “whether Congress may confer Article
III standing upon a plaintiff who suffers no concrete harm, and who therefore could not otherwise
invoke the jurisdiction of a federal court, by authorizing a private right of action based on a bare
violation of a federal statute.”Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 13–1339, “Question Presented,” available at
December 17, 2015). If the Court agrees with those courts that have rejected “statutory standing”
Plaintiff will have no standing to proceed with the current case. Oral arguments were heard on
November 2, 2015. While no one can definitively predict when or how the Supreme Court will rule,
a decision is expected by some by June 2016.
Plaintiff opposes a stay. He argues this Court is not obligated to stay this litigation purely
on the chance that the Supreme Court decision in Spokeo might change the law. He also argues
that a stay would prejudice him and his fellow class members by preventing their claims from
being addressed in a timely fashion.
A stay of civil litigation is discretionary. See, e.g., Bechtel Corp. v. Local 215 Laborers’
Int’l Union of N.A., 544 F.2d 1207, 1215 (3d Cir. 1976) (“A United States District Court has
broad powers to stay proceedings.”). Deciding whether to stay a case requires “an exercise of
judgment, which must weigh competing interests and maintain an even balance.” Landis v.
North Am. Co., 299 U.S. 248, 255-56 (1936). Considerations include: the hardship to the
moving party should the case proceed; the potential prejudice to the non-moving party; the length
of the requested stay; the similarity of issues; and judicial economy. See, e.g., Ford Motor Credit
v. Chiorazzo, 529 F. Supp. 2d 535, 542 (D.N.J. 2008); Local 478 Trucking & Allied Indus. Pen.
Fund v. Jayne, 778 F. Supp. 1289, 1324 (D.N.J. 1991).
A stay is appropriate here. First, the Supreme Court’s ruling in Spokeo will undoubtedly
affect this case. In granting certiorari in Spokeo, the Supreme Court has agreed to resolve a
circuit split on the threshold standing issue in this case. Apparently, the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and
Ninth Circuits have held that actions without actual damages may be based solely on an alleged
statutory violations. The Second, Third, and Fourth Circuits have arguably held that standing
may not be conferred by statute violation alone, without any actual injury. Of course, this is a
much simplified statement of the respective circuit holdings presented to show the importance of
the Spokeo holding to the instant case. Third Circuit courts have commonly stayed proceedings
where the outcome of a case pending before the Supreme Court may substantially affect, or prove
to be dispositive of the matter. Plaintiff does not dispute that the Supreme Court’s decision will
bear directly on whether this case may be able to proceed. Faced with similar motions at least
nine federal district courts have issued stays in similar cases pending the outcome of Spokeo.1
See Miller v. Trans Union, LLC, No. 3:12-cv-1715 at *1 (M.D. Pa. Aug. 3, 2015); Stone
v. Sterling Infosystems, Inc., No. 14-711, 2015 WL 4602986, at *2-3 (E.D. Cal. July 29, 2015);
Hillson v. Kelly Services, Inc., No. 15-10803, 2015 WL 4488493 (E.D. Mich. July 15, 2015);
Boise v. Ace USA, Inc., No. 15-21264, 2015 WL 4077433, at *5 (S.D. Fl. July 6, 2015); Larson
The existence of a related proceeding in the Supreme Court while this case is still in its infancy
also weighs heavily in favor of a stay.
Second, balancing of the parties’ interest weighs in favor of a stay. Absent a stay,
Defendant could be compelled to expend significant resources defending this action. Attempting
to identify members of the class is a significant undertaking. It seems that the size of this class
could be quite large and it may be difficult and expensive to determine which individuals fall into
the class. If the Supreme Court rules that a plaintiff who suffers no concrete
harm does not have standing, all of the resources expended will be useless. In contrast, Plaintiff
has not expended significant costs or time on this case. Plaintiff contends that he and fellow
class members could be harmed by a stay for this period of time because witnesses will forget
their testimony. This Court believes it is implausible a stay of six months or so will cause this or
any other significant harm to Plaintiffs. Plaintiff has not demonstrated that any prejudice will
result from a brief stay while the Supreme Court considers a central threshold issues in this case.
Third, consideration of judicial economy favor a stay. It would be a waste of judicial
resources for this Court to consider the merits of Plaintiff’s Complaint and continue in the early
stages of litigation at the same time the Supreme Court could ultimately rule that Plaintiff in this
case lacks standing. The Court believes that granting a stay would promote judicial efficiency. It
seems likely the length of the stay will be relatively short based on the Supreme Court’s
customary practice. In sum, Plaintiff will not likely suffer any real harm and in any event, any
inconvenience to Plaintiff is outweighed by the importance that a decision in Spokeo could have
v. Trans Union, LLC, No. 12-05726, 2015 WL 3945052, at *3 (N.D. Cal. June 26, 2015); Syed v.
M-1, LLC, No. 14-742, 2015 WL 363031, at *1 (E.D. Cal. May 29, 2015); Ramirez v. Trans
Union, LLC, No. 3:12-cv-00632, at *2 (N.D. Cal. June 22, 2015); Williams v. Elephant
Insurance Co., No. 15-119, WL 3631691. at *1 (E.D. Va. May 27, 2015); Salvatore v. MicroBilt
Corp., No. 4:14-cv-1884, 2015 WL 5008856, at *1 (M.D. Pa. Aug. 20, 2015).
on this litigation.
Base on the above, Defendants’ motion to stay [CM/ECF No. 35.] is granted. This action
will stayed pending the Supreme Court’s decision in Spokeo. The Court reserves the right to
revisit this decision based on how the Spokeo matter proceeds and any other factor bearing on the
Dated: December 29, 2015
s/ Mark Falk
United States Magistrate Judge
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