IN RE: MICHAEL KORS, L.L.C., ET AL
OPINION. Signed by Judge Claire C. Cecchi on 04/26/2017. (ek)
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
In re: APPLICATION PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C.
1782 OF MICHAEL KOR$, L.L.C., MICHAEL
KORS (CANADA) CO., MICHAEL KORS
(CANADA) HOLDING LTD., AND MICHAEL
KORS (SWITZERLAND) INTERNATIONAL
GMBH FOR ORDER TO TAKE DISCOVERY IN
MICHAEL KORS, L.L.C., ET AL. V. BEYOND
THE RACK ENTERPRISES INC., COURT FILE
CECCHI, District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court by way of non-party [Redacted]’s’ (“Respondent”)
Motion for Reconsideration of this Court’s August 23, 2016 Order, ECF No. 50, pursuant to Local
Rule 7.1(1). Applicant Michael Kors, LLC (“Applicant”) submitted a memorandum in opposition
on October 3, 2016, ECF No. 53, and Respondent submitted a letter reply on October 7, 2016,
ECF No. 56. The Court’s August 23, 2016 Opinion, ECF No. 4$ (“Op.”), denied Respondent’s
appeal of Magistrate Judge Clark’s December 8, 2015 Opinion and Order, ECF No. 32 (“Clark
Op.”). The Court has considered the parties’ submissions and decides this matter without oral
argument pursuant to Rule 7$ of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. For the reasons set forth
below, the Court denies Respondent’s Motion for Reconsideration.
The December 8th Opinion and Order underlying the decision for which reconsideration is sought
was filed under seal and identifies the name of the Respondent “[Redacted].” It remains under
seal to maintain Respondent’s confidentiality, in connection with an order of the Canadian court
in the underlying litigation.
The facts of this action have been described at great length in a number of opinions issued
by this Court, including the Court’s most recent opinion, from which Respondent seeks
reconsideration. As such, and in the interest of judicial economy, the Court refers the parties to
those opinions for factual background.
“[R]econsideration is an extraordinary remedy that is granted ‘very sparingly.” Brackett
v. Ashcroft, Civ. No. 03-3988, 2003 WL 22303078, *2 (D.N.J. Oct. 7, 2003); see also Fellenz v.
Lombard Investment Corp., 400 F. $upp. 2d 681, 683 (D.N.J. 2005). A motion for reconsideration
“may not be used to re-litigate old matters, nor to raise arguments or present evidence that could
have been raised prior to the entry of judgment.” P. Schoenfeld Asset Mgmt., LLC v. Cendant
Corp., 161 F. $upp. 2d 349, 352 (D.N.J. 2001). To prevail on a motion for reconsideration, the
moving party must “set forth concisely the matter or controlling decisions which the party
believes the Judge or Magistrate Judge has over looked.” L. Civ. R. 7.1(i).
The Court will reconsider a prior order only where a different outcome is justified by: “(1)
an intervening change in controlling law; (2) the availability of new evidence not previously
available; or (3) the need to correct a clear error of law or prevent manifest injustice.” N. River
Ins. Co. v. CIGNA Reinsurance, Co., 52 F.3d 1194, 1218 (3d Cir. 1995) (internal quotations
omitted). A court commits clear error of law “only if the record cannot support the findings that
led to the ruling.” ABS Brokerage Servs. v. Penson Fin. Servs., Inc., No. 09-4590, 2010 WL
3257882, at *6 (D.N.J. Aug. 16, 2010) (citing United States v. Grape, 549 F.3d 591, 603-04 (3d
Cir. 2008)). “Thus, a party must.. demonstrate that (1) the holdings on which it bases its request
were without support in the record, or (2) would result in ‘manifest injustice’ if not addressed.”
Id. “Mere ‘disagreement with the Court’s decision’ does not suffice.” Id. (quoting P. Schoenfeld,
161 F. $upp. 2d at 353). Moreover, when the assertion is that the Court overlooked something,
the Court must have overlooked some dispositive factual or legal matter that was presented to it.
See L. Civ. R. 7.1(1).
Respondent lists five places where it claims the Court committed “clear errors of law and
fact” that should be corrected: (1) “[t]he Court weighed the interests using the wrong burden and
appears not to have considered alternatives less burdensome to [Respondent]”; (2) “[t]he Court
appears to have overlooked the evidence demonstrating that the Subpeona was pretextual”; (3)
“[t]he Court appears to have overlooked both the full text of the Canadian protective orders and
their severe inadequacies”; (4) “[i]n distinguishing this matter from Canadian cases cited by
[Respondent], the Court appears to have overlooked critical facts”; and (5) “[t]he Court erred by
issuing its decision at this time.” For the reasons set forth below, each of the grounds raised by
The Court appLied the proper burden when weighing the parties’ interests in
assessing whether the subpoena contained “unduly intrusive or burdensome
requests” and properly considered the “alternatives” identified by Respondent.
Respondent first asserts that the “Court did not weigh all relevant interests, using the
correct burden of proof, and did not give sufficient consideration to the alternatives.” ECF No.
50-1 at 2. The Court cited the standard governing the burden of proof, Op. 8 (citing In re Lazaridis,
$65 F. $upp. 2d 521, 524 (D.N.J. 2011) (“On a motion to quash, it is the moving party’s burden to
demonstrate that the subpoena is burdensome and unreasonable.”)), and properly treated
Respondent as bearing the burden of demonstrating the subpoena is burdensome and unreasonable.
In seeking reconsideration, Respondent cites an unpublished, out-of-circuit, district court case
involving a different procedural posture. See ECF No. 50-1 at 2-3 (citing Advanced Micro Devices
v. Intel Corp., No. C 01-7033, 2004 WL 2282320, at *3 n.1 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 4,2004)). Accordingly,
Respondent has not demonstrated that the Court has overlooked a “controlling decision,” L. Civ.
R. 7.1(i), or that there was “a clear error of law,” N. River Ins. Co., 52 f.3d at 1218.
Furthermore, to the extent Respondent argues that the Court did not give proper weight to
specific considerations in assessing whether the subpoena contains unduly intrusive or burdensome
requests, the Court and the Magistrate Judge addressed these considerations. Specifically, the
Court expressly acknowledged the objective of discovery was to determine the authenticity of the
goods at issue, Op. 6-7, considered the terms of the protective orders in place in the Canadian
Action, Op. 8, and considered Respondent’s “requests for alternatives in the form of disclosures
via less burdensome methods.” 2 Op. 10-11. Respondent’s briefing does not appear to identify
any specific errors made by the Court in considering these factors and performing its weighing,
but rather seems to object to the weight given to a particular consideration. Respondent’s general
dissatisfaction with the Court’s weighing does not support a motion for reconsideration.
The Court did not overlook evidence demonstrating that the Subpoena was
Respondent asserts that the Court overlooked “evidence demonstrating that the Subpoena
was pretextual,” “incorrectly allocated the burden of proof’ to Respondent, and erred in
distinguishing this case from two prior cases. ECF No. 50-1 at 6-8. The Court’s Opinion makes
clear that Respondent’s putative evidence was found to either be immaterial or flawed in its
Respondent alternatively sought to have in camera review or an order permitting review only by
Applicant’s New Jersey counsel. ECF No. 50-1 at 4. Having carefully considered Respondent’s
“requests for alternative relief” the Magistrate Judge reasoned that “in camera review of the
requested documents would not further the interests of judicial economy and efficiency of the
interests of either party,” Clark Op. 8, and found that a restriction permitting review only by New
Jersey counsel was not appropriate in light of, inter alia, the important role of in house counsel in
aiding in the review, the protective orders in place in the Canadian litigation, and the protections
agreed to by Applicant. Clark Op. 8-10.
reasoning.3 As to the burden of proof, as above, Respondent relies solely on an unpublished, outof-circuit district court case, which clearly would not constitute a “controlling decision” under
local rule 7.1(i), even if it addressed the issue at hand. Accordingly, this argument is without merit.
Similarly, while the Court stands by its decision distinguishing this case from the two Gucci cases,
neither of those cases is controlling,4 and, therefore, Respondent’s argument that the Court erred
First, Respondent points to “authority from both scholars and judges” for the general propositions
that trademark holders have incentives to eliminate parallel trade and have been known to engage
in pretextual litigation in order to achieve this end. ECF No. 50-1 at 6. This general statement
that certain parties have engaged in this practice in other cases provides minimal, if any, support
for the proposition that Applicant is engaging in such behavior in this case. This is particularly
true in light of the Court’s conclusion that Respondent “has not proffered evidence that MK has
engaged in any pattern or practice of behavior similar to the conduct discussed in Gucci,” op. 7,
in which Gucci had a known practice of using discovery for business purposes.
Second, Respondent points to “the illogical behavior of Applicants in this matter.” ECF No. 50-1
at 7. The behavior Respondent points to, generally consists of failing to agree to Respondent’s
proposed alternatives for discovery. As discussed above, the Magistrate found, and the Court
agreed, these alternatives are not appropriate in this case. Accordingly, failing to agree to them is
not illogical or evidence that the litigation is pretextual.
Third, Respondent points to the fact that the evidence Applicant is seeking would support an
affirmative defense of the opposing party in the underlying Canadian litigation. However, “[t]he
purpose of discovery is to achieve ‘mutual knowledge of all the relevant facts gathered by both
parties.” Robinson, v. Horizon Blue Cross-Blue Shield ofNew Jersey, No. CIV.A. 12-2981 ES,
2014 WL 3573339, at *2 (D.N.J. July 21, 2014) (quoting Hickman v. Taylor, 329 U.S. 495, 50708 (1947)). Accordingly, under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26, “Parties may obtain discovery
that is relevant to any party’s claim or defense.” Applicant’s use of discovery in accordance
with its intended purpose does not support Respondent’s claim of pretext. As Respondent noted
in an earlier round of briefing, “U.S. litigants often obtain discovery to disprove a defense.” ECF
No. 16-7 at 13.
Finally, Respondent asserts that Applicant has sought the same discovery from other suppliers
related to the Canadian litigation, and to date has not found evidence of unauthorized sourcing.
ECF No. 50-1 at 8. This alone, or taken with the tenuous points above, does not indicate that this
proceeding is pretextual.
The two Gucci cases Respondent cites are Gucci Am., Inc. v. Daffy ‘s’, Inc., No. CIV.A. 00-4463,
2000 WL 1720738, at *1 (D.N.J. Nov. 14, 2000), and GucciAm., Inc. v. Costco Companies, No.
98 CIV. 5613 RLC FM, 2000 WL 60209, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 24, 2000). These do not constitute
controlling decisions. See, e.g., Inteifaith Cmty. Org. Inc. v. PPG Indus., Inc., 702 F. Supp. 2d
295, 319 (D.N.J. 2010) (providing that “cases in other districts and circuit courts of appeal. are
not controlling on this court); Engers v. AT & T, No. CIV.A. 98-3660(SRC), 2006 WL 3626945,
at *2 (D.N.J. Dec. 12, 2006) (indicating district court decisions did not constitute controlling law);
in distinguishing those cases does not provide a basis for reconsideration, particularly in light of
the Court’s through consideration of the Gucci cases.
7-8. As this Court previously
explained, in the Gucci cases, there was clear evidence provided that Gucci had a known practice
of improperly using information obtained in discovery for business purposes. Op. 7-8. That is not
the case here, where courts have instead repeatedly found Applicant’s use and conduct of similar
discovery requests appropriate. Op. 10 n.5.
Respondent’s claim that the Court overlooked the text of the Canadian
protective orders and the claimed inadequacies appears to be an attempt to
relitigate this issue.
Respondent asserts that the Court failed to consider the “inadequacy” of the Canadian
ECF No. 50-1 a 10-13.
As Respondent acknowledges, even assuming
Respondent’s information is protectable, the Court and the Magistrate Judge both considered the
Canadian protective order. ECF No. 50-1 at 12. While Respondent may disagree with the Court
regarding the scope of the Canadian protective orders and their significance in this proceeding,
“[m]ere ‘disagreement with the Court’s decision’ does not” support a motion for reconsideration.
ABS Brokerage Servs., 2010 WL 3257882, at *6.
Respondent’s position appears to be an
impermissible attempt to re-litigate this issue or raise new arguments.5 See P. Schoenfetd Asset
Mgmt., LLC, 161 F. Supp. 2d at 352.
Harris v. Manpower Inc., No. 09-CV-2368 BEN JMA, 2010 WL 4932249, at *2 (S.D. Cal. Nov.
30, 2010) (“[TJhe Court notes that the decision is unpublished and by another district judge;
therefore, it is not ‘controlling law’ for purposes of reconsideration.”).
The Court also notes that some of the positions Respondent now takes with regard to the scope
of the protective order run contrary to the plain language of the order. For example, contrary to
Respondent’s representations in its briefing, ECF No. 50-1 at 11, the protective order, on its face,
indicates that any disclosure in accordance with paragraph 8(g) would require the written approval
of Respondent. See ECF No. 19-9 at ¶ 1(e). Similarly, Respondent appears to drastically overstate
the narrow scope of paragraph 17 of the Canadian Protective Order, see ECF No. 50-1 at 11.
Respondent has not articulated how the Court committed a clear error of law
by distinguishing Canadian case law.
Respondent claims that Court should not have distinguished this case from various
Canadian cases. ECF No. 50-1 at 13. Respondent appears to assert that like in those cases, here
there are possible alternative means of obtaining the requested information that have not been
exhausted. ECF No. 50-1 at 13. Both this Court and the Magistrate Judge have already concluded
that as a practical matter there are insufficient alternative means of obtaining the requested
information in this case, and Respondent has not raised any grounds to disturb this conclusion on
reconsideration. Moreover, Respondent has not articulated how this Court would be bound by
Canadian case law.
Respondent’s Objections to the Court’s Timing Do Not Support
Finally, Respondent argues that the Court should not have issued its decision at this time
given the stay of the Canadian litigation.6 ECF No. 50-1. Nevertheless, Respondent has cited no
authority supporting its position other than a “So Ordered” letter, in which a judge in a different
district stayed proceedings at the request of a party that anticipated entering bankruptcy. See ECF
No. 50-2. This factually distinguishable order does not provide grounds for reconsideration.
However, given that Applicant has repeatedly “agreed to forbear from seeking the
discovery ordered until such time, if ever, as the action against BTR resumes,” see, e.g., ECF No.
53 at 13 n.6, the Court will stay the discovery sought until the Canadian litigation has resumed.
Respondent’s reliance on Local Civil Rule 16.1 is unavailing in light of the text of that rule and
Local Civil Rule 78.1. Moreover, Counsel has been presented significant opportunity to present
For the foregoing reasons, this Court concludes that Respondent has failed to meet its
burden on a motion for reconsideration, and accordingly, Respondent’s Motion for
Reconsideration, ECF No. 50, is DENIED. Applicant will notify the Court in writing upon the
resumption of the Canadian litigation and will forbear from seeking the discovery ordered until
such time. The stay of discovery will remain in place until further order of this Court. An
appropriate Order will accompany this Opinion.
CLAIRE C. CECCHI, U.S.D.J.
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