NEWTON -v- DISNEY-ABC TELEVISION GROUP et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge Stanley R. Chesler on 5/20/2015. (nr, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
DISNEY-ABC TELEVISION GROUP, et
Civil Action No. 15-3318 (SRC)
CHESLER, District Judge
Pro se Plaintiff Mark Newton (“Plaintiff” or “Mr. Newton”) submitted a Complaint to
this Court on May 12, 2015, together with an application to file the Complaint without the
prepayment of fees and to proceed in forma pauperis. Based on Plaintiff’s affidavit of indigence,
the Court finds that Plaintiff qualifies for in forma pauperis status pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915
and will direct that the Clerk of the Court file Plaintiff’s Complaint. However, under § 1915,
which governs proceedings filed in forma pauperis, the Court must examine the merits of the
claims asserted and dismiss them if it determines that the action cannot or should not proceed.
For the following reasons, the Court will dismiss the Complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
Plaintiff’s Complaint alleges that in October 2013, various media entities and persons
(“Defendants”) received a request to broadcast a story featuring Plaintiff. Plaintiff contends that
these Defendants then disregarded the truth and proceeded to run a false story about Plaintiff.
Specifically, Plaintiff pleads that Defendants video-recorded Plaintiff while Plaintiff was
appearing in municipal court, and that Plaintiff expressly stated that he would only agree to
participate if he could be fully and fairly interviewed. Plaintiff contends that Defendants ignored
his wishes and instead bombarded him with questions, and ultimately broadcast a television story
that dubbed Plaintiff “the neighborhood nightmare” and a “serial suer.” Plaintiff accordingly
sues the Defendants for slander, defamation, and other related torts.
Because Plaintiff proceeds pro se, the Court construes the pleadings liberally and holds
them to a less stringent standard than those filed by attorneys. Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519,
520 (1972). Even so, because Plaintiff proceeds in forma pauperis, the Court must review his
Complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e) and dismiss the action if it determines that:
(A) the allegation of poverty is untrue; or
(B) the action or appeal –
is frivolous or malicious;
fails to state a claim on which relief may be
(iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant
who is immune from such relief.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2).
To evaluate whether a complaint must be dismissed under § 1915(e)(2)(ii) for failure to
state a claim on which relief can be granted, the Court must apply the same standard of review as
that for dismissing a complaint under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Grayson v.
Mayview State Hosp., 293 F.3d 103 (3d Cir. 2002). To state a claim that survives a Rule
12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain “enough facts to state a claim to relief that
is plausible on its face.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). “A claim
has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the
reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal,
556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). The Court will apply this standard to Plaintiff’s claims.
It appears to the Court that it lacks federal subject matter jurisdiction over this action.
Plaintiff pleads numerous torts arising under state law, and he does not plead any federal causes
of action. Plaintiff concludes his Complaint by cursorily adding language that jurisdiction exists
based on “the doctrine of diversity.” Yet nowhere in the Complaint does Plaintiff plead any facts
necessary to demonstrate the existence of complete diversity between Plaintiff and each and
every of the many named Defendants. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1); Strawbridge v. Curtiss, 3
Cranch 267, 2 L.Ed. 435 (1806). Defendant fails to plead the residency or place of incorporation
of the Defendants, and he accordingly fails to satisfy the requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 1332. The
Court secondarily notes that other deficiencies are also apparent in the pleadings. Plaintiff’s
chief allegation pertains to defamation, yet nowhere does Plaintiff articulate any actual facts that
pertain to reputational harm or damages as a result of Defendants’ alleged conduct. Plaintiff has
accordingly not pleaded facts giving rise to a plausible cause of action.
Plaintiff additionally seeks to have his IFP application sealed. Plaintiff has not
demonstrated good cause in support of such an application. See Pansy v. Borough of
Stroudsburg, 23 F.3d 772, 786-87 (3d Cir. 1994) (“Good cause is established on a showing that
disclosure will work a clearly defined and serious injury to the party seeking closure. The injury
must be shown with specificity. Broad allegations of harm, unsubstantiated by specific examples
or articulated reasoning, do not support a good cause showing. The burden of justifying the
confidentiality of each and every document sought to be covered by a protective order remains
on the party seeking the order.”) (internal citations and quotation marks omitted); see also Local
Civil Rule 5.3(c)(2) (“The motion papers shall describe (a) the nature of the materials or
proceedings at issue, (b) the legitimate private or public interests which warrant the relief sought,
(c) the clearly defined and serious injury that would result if the relief sought is not granted, and
(d) why a less restrictive alternative to the relief sought is not available.”). The Court will
accordingly deny this application.
The Court will dismiss Plaintiff’s Complaint due to the jurisdictional and other defects in
the pleadings. The Court will dismiss the Complaint without prejudice. An appropriate order
will be filed.
s/Stanley R. Chesler
STANLEY R. CHESLER
United States District Judge
Dated: May 20, 2015
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