MARTUCCI et al v. PROCTER & GAMBLE, INC. et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge Jose L. Linares on 10/5/15. (DD, )
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
WILLIAM C. MARTUCCI, and WHITE
Civil Action No.: 15-4434 (JLL)
PROCTER & GAMBLE et al..,
LINARES, District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court by way of a Motion to Intervene pursuant to Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 24(a)(2) by judgment creditors Pricaspian Development Coiporation,
Jack Grynberg, and Grynberg Petroleum Company (collectively “Creditors”). (ECF No. 8). The
motion is unopposed. The Court decides this matter without oral argument pursuant to Rule
of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. For the reasons set forth below, the Creditors’ motion
Plaintiff is a pro-se litigant appearing to claim breach of contract, breach of implied
covenant of good faith and fair dealing, conversion, negligent misrepresentation, conspi
fraud, and restraint of trade against Defendants.
(ECF No. 1, Complaint (“Compi.”)).
Defendants are companies and manufacturers in the coupon redemption business. (Comp
i. at 13).
Pending before the Court is Creditors’ Motion to Intervene pursuant to Federal Rule of
Civil Procedure 24. (ECF No. 8-I, (“Mot. to Intervene”)). Creditors have a Colorado judgm
docketed on July 22, 2009 in New Jersey, in the amount of $3,601,947.04 plus interes jointly
and severally, against Plaintiff William Martucci and another individual not implicated
matter. (Mot. to Intervene at 1, Ex. A). Creditors argue that they have a significant legal interes
in any recovery by the Plaintiff in this matter. (Id. at 4). Specifically, Creditors assert
Plaintiff has been avoiding their attempt to collect the judgment by actively concea
misrepresenting his assets for years. (Id. at 4-5). Moreover, Creditors argue that Plainti
concealment of assets is a tangible threat to Creditors’ interest in any recovery. (Id. at
such, Creditors contend that they should be allowed to intervene as of right.
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 24(a), “[o]n timely motion, the court must
permit anyone to intervene who: (1) is given an unconditional right to intervene by federal
statute; or (2) claims an interest relating to the property or transaction that is the subjec of
action, and is so situated that disposing of the action may as a practical matter impair
the movant’s ability to protect its interest, unless existing parties adequately represe
interest.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 24(a).
The Third Circuit has held that a litigant seeking intervention as of right under Rule
24(a)(2), as the Creditors are seeking to do in this case, must establish each of the
(1) a timely application for leave to intervene; (2) a sufficient interest in the
underlying litigation; (3) a threat that the interest will be impaired or affected by the
disposition of the underlying action; and (4) that the existing parties to the action
not adequately represent the prospective intervenor’s interests.
Liberty Mut. Ins. Co. v. Treesdale, Inc., 419 F.3d 216, 220 (3d Cir. 2005) (citing Kleissler v.
United States Forest Service, 157 F.3d 964, 969 (3d Cir.1998)); see also Mountain Top
Condominium Ass’n v. Dave StabbertMasterBuilder, Inc., 72 F.3d 361, 366 (3d Cir.1995).
An intervenor’s interest must be “significantly protectable,” meaning “the interest must
be a legal interest as distinguished from interests of a general and indefinite character.”
Mountain Top, 72 F.3d at 366 (quotations omitted). Furthermore, the putative intervenor “must
demonstrate that there is a tangible threat” to that “legally cognizable interest.” Ibid. Stated
differently, the putative intervenor must demonstrate that his interest in the underlying litigati
is direct rather than “remote or attenuated.” Kleisser, 157 F.3d at 972.
Creditors seek to intervene in this matter pursuant to Rule 24(a)(2); however, Creditors
have failed to satisfy the Third Circuit’s requirement that they demonstrate a “sufficient interes
in the underlying litigation. Liberty Mut. Ins. Co., 419 at 220. Creditors argue that if Plainti
suit is successful such that he recovers damages, he is likely to “transfer the proceeds to concea
the location of the proceeds from Creditors.” (Mot. to Intervene at 5). Thus, the Credit
seeking to intervene to preclude Plaintiff from concealing any proceeds recovered in this
so that they may reach those proceeds in satisfaction of Plaintiffs debt.
Any interest that the Creditors may have in the Plaintiffs potential recovery in this matter
falls far short of the Third Circuit’s requirement that such an interest be direct, and not
economic interest in the outcome of litigation.”
Mountain Top, 72 F.3d at 366).
Liberty Mut. Ins. Co., 419 at 221 (citing
Here, Creditors’ alleged interest is too remote because it
involves collection of a prior, unrelated judgment against the Plaintiff. By way of
courts have held that even a judgement creditor with a direct interest in the proper
ty at issue in
the underlying litigation lacks a sufficient enough interest to intervene as of right. See, e.g.,
United States v. Alisal Water Corp., 370 F.3d 915 (9th Cir. 2004) (holding that a judgm
creditor’s interest in the prospective collectability of a debt secured by property directl
implicated in the underlying litigation was insufficient to permit intervention as
Indeed, ‘the mere fact that a lawsuit may impede a third party’s ability to recover in a separa
suit ordinarily does not give the third party a right to intervene.” Mountain Top, 72 F.3d
Here, the Creditors have failed to show that they have a direct interest in the underlying litigati
such that they are entitled to intervene as of right, and accordingly, their Motion to Interve
Because Creditors have not established a significantly protectable legal interest in the
litigation, this Court need not address whether they have met the remaining requirements
For the reasons set forth above, Creditors’ motion is DENIED. An appropriate Order
accompanies this Opinion.
DATED: October 20l5
STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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