ACUNA v. LYNCH et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge Kevin McNulty on 7/9/15. (DD, )
UNITEI) STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
JOHN FERNANDo BELLII) ACUNA,
Civ. No. 15-5074 (KM)
LORETTA F. LYNCT-I,
KEVIN MCNULTY, U.S.D.J.
Petitioner, John Fernando Bellid Acuna, is an immigration detainee proceeding with a
petition for writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
2241. For the following reasons,
this action will be transferred to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of
Virginia, the district where the petitioner is confined.
Mr. Acuna is a native and citizen of Peru. According to the habeas petition, he was taken
into immigration custody on January 8, 2013, and received a final order of removal in 2014. He
currently detained as an immigration detainee at the Farmville 1)etenlion Center in Farmville,
Virginia. He seeks his release from immigration detention pursuant to Zadvydas v. Davis, 533
U.S. 678 (2001).
STANDARD FOR SUA SPONTE REVIEW OF HABEAS PETITION
With respect to screening the instant petition, 28 U.S.C.
§ 2243 provides in relevant part:
A court, justice or judge entertaining an application for a writ of
habeas corpus shall forthwith award the writ or issue an order
directing the respondent to show cause why the writ should not be
granted, unless it appears from the application that the applicant or
person detained is not entitled thereto.
As Mr. Acuna is proceeding pro se, his petition is held to less stringent standards than those that
apply to pleadings drafted by lawyers. See Rainey v. Varner, 603 F.3d 189, 198 (3d Cir.201 0)
(“It is the policy of the courts to give a liberal construction to pro se habeas petitions.”) (internal
quotation marks and citation omitted); United States v. Otero, 502 F.3d 331, 334 (3d Cir.2007)
“we construe pro se pleadings liberally.”) (citing Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972)).
Nevertheless, “a district court is authorized to dismiss a [habeasi petition summarily when it
plainly appears from the face of the petition and any exhibits annexed to it that the petitioner is
not entitled to relief in the district court[.]” Lonchar v. Thomas, 517 U.S. 314, 320 (1996).
Mr. Acuna is not confined in this district. The Farrnville Detention Facility, where Mr.
Acuna is confined, is located within the Eastern District of Virginia. The proper venue for a
habeas corpus petition brought under
§ 2241 is the district of confinement.
Padilla, 542 U.S. 426, 442-43 (2004). “When venue is inappropriate, a court may transfer a
habeas corpus petition to an appropriate district sna sponte.” Verissimo v. iNS., 204 F’, Supp. 2d
818, 820 (D.N.J. 2002) (citing Chatman-Bevv. Thornburgh, 864 F.2d 804, 813-14 (I).C. Cir.
1988); McCoy v. United States Bd. ofParole, 537 F.2d 962, 965 (8th Cir. 1976)); see also
Stackliouse v. Curtin, No. 08-10606, 2008 WL 544611, at *1 (E.D. Mich. Feb. 27, 2008)
(citation omitted). See generally 28 U.S.C. 1406(a) (“The district court of a district in which is
filed a case laying venue in the wrong division or district shall dismiss, or if it be in the interest
ofjustice, transfer such a case to any district or division in which it could have been brought.”).
In the interest of justice, and to avoid the delay of a dismissal and refiling in the proper
district, the petition will thereibre be transferred to the Eastern District of Virginia. 1 express no
opinion on the merits of Mr. Acuna’s habeas petition.
For the ibregoing reasons, the Clerk will be ordered to transfer this action to the United
States District Court for the Eastern I)istrict of Virginia. An appropriate order will be entered.
Dated: July 9, 2015
United States District Judge’
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