HORTON v. AVILES
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER that Respondent shall provide a Supplemental Answer to the Petition in compliance with this Memorandum and Order within 10 days, and Petitioner may submit a reply in support of the Petition within 10 days of her receipt of Respondent's supplemental brief; etc. Signed by Judge Madeline C. Arleo on 8/11/16. (sr, ) (N/M)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No. 15-795 1 (MCA)
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter has been opened to the Court by Petitioner Juliet Horton’s, filing of a
Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus challenging her prolonged detention pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
2241 (ECF No. 1). It appearing that:
1. Petitioner, a former Lawful Permanent Resident (“LPR”) and native of Uzbekistan, has
filed a petition for habeas corpus challenging her prolonged detention, and has alleged that she is
detained pursuant to 8 U.S.C.
1226 and has been held in the custody of the Department of
Homeland Security (“DHS”) since March 4, 2015.
2. The Court ordered Respondent to respond to the allegations in the Petition. (ECF No. 2.)
In that response, Respondent contends that Petitioner is in removal proceedings for the second
time and provides the following salient facts. Petitioner was convicted on December 16, 2011, in
the United States District Court for the District of Maine for use of a Counterfeit Access Device
in violation of 18 U.S.C.
1029(a), (c)(1)(A)(i). (Declaration of Deportation Officer Yolanda
Harrison at ¶ 5.) Based on her conviction, she was sentenced to three months incarceration and
thirty-six months supervised release. (Id.) On March 19, 2012, Petitioner was placed in removal
proceedings, charging her with removability pursuant to 1NA
Petitioner was ordered removed to Uzbekistan on March 28, 2012, and on June 12, 2012, the
Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”) dismissed her appeal. (Id.) On July 31, 2012, Petitioner
was removed from the United States. (Id.)
Respondent alleges that on May 8, 2013, Petitioner sought readmission to the United
States; The U.S. Customs and Border Patrol denied her admission but paroled her into the United
States and ordered her to periodically report to ICE.’ (Id. at ¶ 6.) The United States District
Court in Maine subsequently sentenced Petitioner to nine months incarceration for violating her
supervised release. (Id. at ¶ 8.) On March 4, 2015, Petitioner was transferred from the Bureau of
Prisons to ICE custody. (Id. at ¶ 9.). According to Respondent, “[a]fter [Petitioner] gave a
sworn statement, ICE referred her to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration services (“USCIS”) for
an interview in compliance with governing regulations.” (Id. at ¶ 9.) Petitioner also filed a
motion to reopen her prior removal proceedings, which was denied by the BIA on March 27,
4. Respondent also states that Petitioner was “mistakenly served with a Notice of Custody
Determination indicating that she was being detained under the mandatory detention provision in
1226(c)”; however, when Petitioner was placed in removal proceedings for a second
time, the Notice to Appear informed Petitioner that she was an arriving alien and charged her
with inadmissibility under NA
(Id. at ¶J 10-1 1.) It appears from
Respondent’s response that Petitioner’s second removal proceeding is still ongoing, but
Respondent has not provided any information about the basis for Petitioner’s challenge to her
Although this fact is the lynchpin of Respondent’s argument that Petitioner may be indefinitely
detained as an arriving alien, Respondent has not provided documentation demonstrating that
Petitioner was paroled, rather than admitted, into the United States.
removal or the bona fides of that challenge. (See Id. at ¶J 12-15.) On October 5, 2015,
Petitioner filed a written request to be paroled out of custody, which was denied by ICE on
December 14, 2015. (Id. at ¶ 15.) Petitioner has been detained for approximately 17 months.
5. In its opposition to Petitioner’s Petition for habeas relief, Respondent contends that
Petitioner is detained as an arriving alien and is subject to mandatory detention under 8 U.S.C.
1225(b)(2)(A). Respondent appears to take the position that because Petitioner is subject to the
so-called “entry fiction,” she has no due process rights and may be detained indefinitely pending
the outcome of her second removal proceeding. (See id. at pages 9-12.) At least one District
Court in this Circuit has come to a contrary conclusion in a published decision, and the reasoning
in that decision appears to be in line with precedent in the Third Circuit. See Bautista v. Sabol,
862 F. Supp.2d 375, 381 (M.D. Pa. 2012) (rejecting “Respondent’s notion that [Petitioner
detained under 8 U.S.C.
1225(b)(2)(A)} is owed no due process” and ordering bond hearing for
alien detained for 26 months); see also Rodriguez v. Robbins, 804 F.3d 1060, 1078—85 (9th Cir.
2015) (reading a reasonableness limitation into detention pursuant to
and 1226(c) and requiring bond hearings after six months of detention under these statutes);
Maldonado v. Maclas, 150 F. Supp. 3d 788 (W.D. Tex. 2015) (finding that detention pursuant to
1225(b)(2)(A) is subject to a reasonable time limitation).
6. Before ruling on the Petition, the Court will provide Respondent with the opportunity to
address the decisions reading a reasonableness limitation into
1225(b)(2)(A) and provide
supplemental briefing as to whether Petitioner’s detention has become unreasonably prolonged
under the standard recently articulated by the Third Circuit in Chavez-Alvarez v. Warden York
It appears from the Notice to Appear that Petitioner’s challenge to her second removal is based,
at least in part, on an asylum claim.
County Prison, 783 F.3d 469, 474, 476-77 (3d Cir. 2015) (finding under
§ 1226(c) that the
determination of reasonableness of detention is “highly fact-specific” and explaining that
Petitioner’s good faith, the bona fides of Petitioner’s challenge, and the reasonableness of the
Government’s conduct matter in determining when “a tipping point had been reached on the
reasonableness of this detention”). Respondent shall also provide an update as to the status of
Petitioner’s second removal proceeding. Supplemental briefing may be in the form of a letter
brief and is limited to 10 pages. Petitioner may also submit a response to Respondent’s
supplemental brief within 10 days of her receipt of Respondent’s brief.
ORDERED that Respondent shall provide a Supplemental Answer to the Petition in
compliance with this Memorandum and Order within 10 days; and it is further
ORDERED that Petitioner may submit a reply in support of the Petition within 10 days
of her receipt of Respondent’s supplemental brief; and it is further
ORDERED that, within 7 days after any change in Petitioner’s custody status, be it
release or otherwise, Respondents shall electronically file a written notice of the same with the
Clerk of the Court; and it is further
ORDERED that the Clerk of the Court shall serve this Memorandum and Order on
Petitioner by regular mail.
Madeline Cox Arleo, District Judge
United States District Court
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