BRIGHT v. TYSON et al
LETTER OPINION AND ORDER denying 31 Motion for leave to file an amended complaint. Signed by Magistrate Judge Steven C. Mannion on 10/4/16. (sr, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Martin Luther King Jr, Federal Bldg.
& U.S. Courthouse
50 Walnut Street
Newark, NJ 07102
STEVEN C. MANNION
United States Magistrate Judge
October 4, 2016
D.E. 31, Plaintiff’s Request for Leave to File an Amended Complaint
Bright v. Tyson, et al.
Civil Action No. 2:15-cv-8038 (SDW)(SCM)
This matter comes before the Court by way of Plaintiff Michael Bright’s (“Mr. Bright”)
request for leave to file an amended complaint against Defendants, Gervasio Cordova and
Christopher Tyson (“State Defendants”) and two new defendants.1 Mr. Bright seeks to amend his
complaint to add a claim under Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (“ADA”),
and name two additional defendants, hearing officer Jack Osvalt (“Officer Osvalt”) and corrections
officer Vanessa Warren (“Sco Warren”).2 In opposition, the State Defendants argue the proposed
amendments are untimely and futile because the claims would not survive a motion to dismiss.3
(ECF Docket Entry (“D.E.”) 31).
(Id. at 6-7). See 42 U.S.C. §§ 1231, 1232.
(D.E. 38 at 4-6).
There was no oral argument. For the reasons set forth herein, Mr. Bright’s request for leave to file
an amended complaint is denied.
MAGISTRATE JUDGE AUTHORITY
“The decision to grant a motion for leave to amend is within the sound discretion of the
District Court.”4 The District Court for this District has specified that magistrate judges may
determine any non-dispositive pre-trial motion.5 “Motions to amend are usually considered nondispositive motions.”6 A magistrate judge’s decision on a motion to amend must therefore be
upheld unless “clearly erroneous or contrary to law.” 7
LEAVE TO AMEND
Rule 15(a)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provides that a district court “should
freely give leave” to amend pleadings “when justice so requires.”8
A district court may
alternatively deny a motion to amend where the amendment would result in undue delay, prejudice,
or futility.9 “An amendment is futile if the amended complaint would not survive a motion to
dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief could be granted.”10 Thus in determining
Winer Family Trust v. Queen, 503 F.3d 319, 331 (3d Cir. 2007).
See L. Civ. R. 72.1(a)(1).
Thomas v. Ford Motor Co., 137 F. Supp. 2d 575, 579 (D.N.J. 2001).
28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A).
Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2).
See Winer Family Tr., 503 F.3d at 330-31.
Gutwirth v. Woodford Cedar Run Wildlife Refuge, 38 F. Supp. 3d 485, 488–89 (D.N.J. 2014)
(quoting Alvin v. Suzuki, 227 F.3d 107, 121 (3d Cir.2000)).
futility the same legal standard employed under a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss is applied.11
The Court takes “all pleaded allegations as true and view[s] them in a light most favorable to the
plaintiff;” however, it “need not accept sweeping legal conclusions cast in the form of bald
assertions, unwarranted inferences, or unsupported conclusions.” 12 The complaint “must contain
sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’”13
“A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to
draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.”14
THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT
This matter involves allegations of civil rights violations for assault and the misuse of force
which occurred on October 24, 2014. Mr. Bright, a state prisoner proceeding in forma pauperis,
filed his initial complaint on November 12, 2015.15 The Court dismissed a number of Mr. Bright’s
claims but allowed his claims for failure to protect and failure to intervene to proceed against the
State Defendants.16 On July 28, 2016, Mr. Bright filed a motion for leave to file an amended
complaint.17 The proposed amended complaint seeks to add an ADA claim, and name Officer
See id. at 488-89 (internal citations omitted).
Winer Family Tr., 503 F.3d at 331; Gutwirth, 38 F. Supp. 3d at 489 (internal citations and
quotation marks omitted).
Gutwirth, 38 F. Supp. 3d at 489 (citing Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009)).
Matthews v. New Jersey Inst. of Tech., 717 F. Supp. 2d 447, 451 (D.N.J. 2010) (quoting
Ashcroft, 556 U.S. at 662).
(D.E. 1, 2).
Osvalt, and Sco Warren as defendants.18 According to the moving papers, Officer Osvalt denied
Mr. Bright’s due process rights by incorrectly stating that he “did not request witnesses or request
documentation/video recordings of the incident that occurred on October 24, 2014.” 19 With regard
to Sco Warren, Mr. Bright alleges she was present and witnessed the excessive force applied on
the date of the incident, giving rise to his present claims.20
The ADA applies to prison programs.21 To establish a prima facie claim under Title II of
the ADA, a plaintiff must show: he is a “qualified individual with a disability;” “that he was
excluded from a service, program, or activity of a public entity;” and “that he was excluded because
of his disability.” 22 While Mr. Bright sets forth factual allegations, he has failed to submit a
proposed amended complaint. The Third Circuit has explicitly stated that the failure to submit a
draft amended complaint “is fatal to a request for leave to amend.” 23 Since Mr. Bright has not
properly moved to amend his complaint, the Court finds that it must deny the deficient request to
For these reasons, Mr. Bright’s request for leave to file an amended complaint is DENIED.
The Clerk’s Office shall provide Plaintiff Bright with a copy of this letter.
(Id. at 6-7).
(Id. at 6).
Yeskey v. Pennsylvania Dept. of Corr., 118 F.3d 168, 172 (3d Cir. 1997). See § 12131(1).
Disability Rights New Jersey, Inc. v. Comm'r, New Jersey Dep't of Human Services, 796 F.3d
293, 301 (3d Cir. 2015).
McWreath v. Range Resources-Appalachia, LLC, 645 F. App'x 190, 196 (3d Cir. 2016)
(internal citations omitted) (emphasis added).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
10/4/2016 7:21:17 PM
Original: Clerk of the Court
Hon. Susan D. Wigenton, U.S.D.J.
cc: All parties
c (via U.S. Mail):
Michael Nathaniel Bright
Prisoner No. 454004
Northern State Prison
168 Frontage Road
P.O. Box 2300
Newark, NJ 07114-2300
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