ALIPERIO et al v. BANK OF AMERICA, N.A. et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge Kevin McNulty on 5/30/2017. (JB, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
CHITA ALIPERIO and EMILE
Civ. No. 16-0 1008 (KM-MAH)
BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., Successor by
Merger to BAC HOME LOANS
SERVICING, LP F/K/A COUNTRYWIDE
HOME LOANS, INC.; and KEARNY
BANK, formerly known as KEARNY
FEDERAL SAVINGS BANK,
KEVIN MCNULTY, U.S.D.J.:
This matter comes before the Court on the motion (ECF no. 27) of the pro
se plaintiffs, Chita Aliperio and Emile Heriveaux, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P.
60(d)(3), to vacate the Court’s prior Order (ECF no. 26)’ and Opinion (“Op.”,
ECF no. 25) dismissing the Complaint. The Order that the plaintiffs seek to
vacate granted motions to dismiss filed by defendants Kearny Bank (“Kearny”)
(ECF no. 16), and by defendants Countrywide Home Loans, Inc.
(“Countrywide”), and Bank of America, N.A. (“BANA”) (ECF no. 15). For the
reasons stated herein, plaintiff’s motion to vacate will be denied.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 60 authorizes a motion for relief from a judgment or order.
Rule 60(b) generally provides that such a motion may be based on “fraud.” Fed.
R. Civ. P. 60(b)(3). Rule 60(d) more specifically provides that the rule “does not
limit a court’s power to:
(3) set aside a judgment for fraud on the court.” Fed.
The docket identifies the relevant Order is ECF no. 24. The Clerk is requested to
correct the reference.
R. Civ. P. 60(d)(3) (emphasis added). To prevail on a claim of fraud on the court,
the movant must demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence the following
“(1) an intentional fraud; (2) by an officer of the court; (3) which is
directed at the court itself; and (4) that in fact deceives the court.”
Herring v. United States, 424 F.3d 384, 390 (3d Cir. 2005);
Thompson v. Eva’s Viii. and Sheltering Program, 2009 WL 3486050,
at *10 (D.N.J. Oct.28, 2009).
Estate of Sinclair v.
of Union, No. CIV.A. 05-55 KSH, 2011 WL 3417115, at
*2 (D.N.J. Aug. 3, 2011). Such a fraud consists of some “unconscionable plan
or scheme which is designed to improperly influence the court in its decision.”
Hatchigan v. Int’l Bhd. Of Elec. Workers Local 98 Health & Wefare Fund, 610 F.
App’x 142 (3d Cir. 2015) (quoting Booker v. Dugger, 825 F.2d 281, 283 (11th
Cir. 1987) and Pizzuto v. Ramirez, 783 F.3d 1171, 1180(9th Cir. 2015)).
The fraud on the Court alleged by the plaintiffs is that “Attorney Stephen
J. Steinlight which is an officer of the Court, substituted two defendants, Bank
of America, N.A., Successor by Merger to BAC Home Loans Servicing, LP F/K/A
Countrywide Home Loans Servicing LP (“BANA-BAC”) and Countrywide Home
Loans, Inc. (“Countrywide”) by Bank of America, N.A. (“BANA”) which is not a
Defendant in this RICO Complaint. By substituting the two defendants by a
non-defendant, the RICO action was dismissed.” (P1. Brf. at 2, ECF no. 27-1)
Defendant Kearny is alleged to have participated in the fraud when it
“knowingly and willfully joined Bank of America, N.A. (“BANA”) for its defense.”
Id. at 3.
The basis for the claim of fraud is not altogether clear. Part of it seems to
be that BANA’s counsel allegedly implied (in motions for an extension of time)
that “BAC Home Loans Servicing, LP F/K/A/ Countrywide Home Loans, Inc.”
was a defendant in its own right, as opposed to being just the predecessor of
BANA. (See Affidavit, ECF no. 27-2 at
5—6) BANA is, however, a defendant,
as everyone seems to agree. As I noted in my prior Opinion, the Complaint
names BANA as a party. My Opinion also states that Countrywide Home
Loans, Inc. (“Countrywide”) and Bank of America, N.A. (“BANA”)—separate
defendants—have jointly filed one of the two motions to dismiss (ECF no. 15).
In any event, however, the Court was not deceived or defrauded into
holding as it did. The basis of the dismissal was that the Complaint failed to
allege that the plaintiffs had suffered a constitutional injury-in-fact or that they
possessed RICO standing. (See Op. Analysis
§ 3.) The allegations raised an
inference that, at best, some injury had been inflicted and suffered as between
third parties. Whatever the claim of “fraud on the court” may be, it does not
affect the basis of the Court’s ruling.
Here is the caption of the plaintiffs’ complaint:
CHITA ALIPERIO; and
BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
Successor by Merger to
BAC Home Loans
Servicing, LP F/K/Al
Countrywide Home Loans
LOANS, INC.; and
(ECF no. 1) Inexplicably, the plaintiffs objected to “F/K/A” being rendered as “formerly
known as” by the clerk. (ECF no. 6)
In the alternative, I may consider this as a motion for reconsideration. Local
Rule 7.1(i) governs such motions. (I overlook the 14-day deadline.) Such a motion
must specifically identify “the matter or controlling decisions which the party believes
the Judge or Magistrate Judge has overlooked.” Id. Reconsideration is granted
sparingly, and only in three situations: (1) when there has been an intervening change
in the law; (2) when new evidence has become available; or (3) when necessary to
For the reasons expressed above, the plaintiff’s motion (ECF no. 27) to
vacate this Court’s prior Order of dismissal (ECF no. 26) is DENIED. A separate
Order accompanies this Opinion.
Dated: May 30, 2017
United States District Judge
correct a clear error of law or to prevent manifest injustice. See North River Ins. Co. v.
CIGNA Reinsurance Co., 52 F.3d 1194, 1218 (3d Cir. 1995); Carmichael v. Everson,
2004 WL 1587894 (D.N.J. May 21, 2004). “A motion for reconsideration is improper
when it is used ‘to ask the Court to rethink what it had already thought through
rightly or wrongly.” Oritani Say. & Loan Ass’n v. Fidelity & Deposit Co., 744 F. Supp.
1311, 1314 (D.N.J. 1990) (quoting Above the Belt v. Mel Bohannan Roofing, Inc., 99
F.R.D. 99, 101 (E.D.Va. 1983)). Nothing in this motion approaches the threshold for
reconsideration. It contains nothing that was not, or could not have been, raised in
connection with the original motions. The alleged switching of parties, for example,
was raised in the plaintiffs’ brief in opposition to the motions to dismiss. (ECF no. 18
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