SHEPPARD v. POWELL et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: It is ORDERED that Petitioner shall, within 30 days of the date of entry of this Order, show cause in writing, in the manner directed in this Order, as to why the Petition should not be denied for failing to meet § 2254(a)'s "in custody" requirement. Signed by Judge Esther Salas on 6/29/2016. (seb)
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
MARK C. SHEPPARD,
Civil Action No. 16-1091 (ES)
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
JOHN POWELL, ET AL.,
This matter having come before the Court on the Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus of
Petitioner Mark Sheppard, for reliefunder 28 U.S.C.
§ 2254. The Court has reviewed the Petition.
1. Upon the Court’s review, it appears that the Petition barred because Petitioner is not “in
custody.” See 28 U.S.C.
2. According to Petitioner himse1f, he was released from prison afler serving his sentence on
September 23, 2015. (D.E. No. 1-1 at 1). He did not file the instant petition, however, until
February 23, 2016. (D.E. No. 1).
3. Federal law requires a habeas petitioner be “in custody pursuant to the judgement of a State
§ 2254(a). In construing the “in custody” requirement, the Supreme Court has held that a
petitioner “cannot bring a federal habeas petition directed solely” at a conviction for which the
sentence has already been served. Lackawanna Cnty Dist. Att y v. Coss, 532 U.S. 394, 401(2001);
see also Maleng v. Cook, 490 U.S. 488, (1989) (“While we have very liberally construed the ‘in
custody’ requirement for purposes of federal habeas, we have never extended it to the situation
where a habeas petitioner suffers no present restraint from a conviction.”); Carafas v. LaVallee,
391 U.S. 234 (1968) (holding that that once the sentence imposed for a conviction has completely
expired, the collateral consequences of that conviction are not themselves sufficient to render an
individual “in custody” for the purposes of a habeas attack upon it). Such appears to be the case
4. Because the Court is raising sua sponte the issue of Petitioner’s custodial status, the Court
will afford Petitioner a chance to argue for an exception to the “in custody” requirement.
Particularly, Petitioner may submit to this Court any arguments, supported by evidence, as to why
the Court should entertain his petition after his sentence has been served. Petitioner may also raise
any other argument as appropriate with regard to Petitioner’s custodial status.
IT IS therefore on this
day of June 2016,
ORDERED that Petitioner shall, within thirty (30) days of the date of entry of this Order,
show cause in writing, in the manner directed above, as to why the Petition should not be denied
for failing to meet
§ 2254(a)’s “in custody” requirement; it is further
ORDERED that the Clerk of the Court shall serve a copy of this Order upon Plaintiff by
U States Dij1de
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