R.K. et al v. RIDGEWOOD BOARD OF EDUCATION
Letter ORDER affirming the ALJ's decision. Plaintiff's application for an order to show cause seeking a preliminary injunction requiring Ridgewood to provide services is denied. Signed by Judge John Michael Vazquez on 08/18/16. (rg, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
JOHN MICHAEL VAZQUEZ
UNITED STATES DISTRICT
FRANK R. LAUTENBERG
POST OFFICE AND
2 FEDERAL SQUARE, ROOM
NEWARK, NJ 07102
August 18, 2016
R.K. and U.K. o/b/o R.K. v. Ridgewood Village Board of Education
Civil Action No. 16-5019
THIS MATTER comes before the Court by way of Plaintiffs’ Verified Complaint and
Application for an Order to Show Cause seeking a preliminary injunction requiring that
Defendant Ridgewood Village Board of Education (“Ridgewood”) provide services pursuant to
the “stay put” provision of the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (“IDEA”), 20 U.S.C. §
1415(j) during the pendency of due process proceedings presently before the New Jersey Office
of Administrative Law. Plaintiffs filed a brief in support of their application (D.E. 1-I) and
Defendant filed a brief in opposition (D.E. 3). The Court considered the submissions in support
and in opposition to Plaintiffs’ application and heard oral argument on the matter on August 17,
2016. The issue in this case concerns whether R.K. is entitled to Home Program services from
August 4, 2016 through September 7,2016—the period during which R.K.’s school was not in
session. To decide this issue, the Court must determine the “then-current educational placement”
of R.K. when the stay put provision became effective. For the reasons stated on the record and
as explained below, the Court affirms the AU’s determination that Plaintiffs’ are not entitled to
the requested services pursuant to the stay put rule and Plaintiffs’ application is DENIED.
The facts are well known to the parties and are described in detail in their papers.
Therefore, the Court will only discuss the facts that are relevant to this appeal.
R.K. is the eleven-year-old son of R.K. and D.K., is enrolled in the Ridgewood Village
Public School District and attends the Children’s Institute (“TCI”), a private school in Verona,
New Jersey. Verified Complaint (“Compl.”) ¶fl 4-5, 8. R.K. is autistic and “has substantial
delays in all developmental domains and has a history of significant challenges in learning
language and communication skills.” Id. ¶J 4, 6. R.K.’s parents allege that he requires
“continuous, year-round school and home programming” and that “breaks of more than two
weeks in the summer will cause him to regress and should be avoided.” Id. 9 11. R.K. is
eligible for special education and related services as a “child with a disability” under the IDEA.
As such, his educational needs are provided pursuant to an Individualized Education Plan
(“IEP”). Id. ¶ 4. 7.
Two of R.K.’s lEPs are relevant to this matter. The first is the December 9,2013 IEP,
which was modified through a mediation agreement from May 6, 2015 (hereinafter the “May
2015 IEP”). Id. ¶ 16. The May 2015 IEP maintained R.K.’s educational program but reduced
the number of hours that R.K. received Home Program services. The Home Program services
provided additional instruction to R.K. and parental training outside of customary school hours.
Id. J1 9-10, 16. The Home Program consisted of a total of eleven hours per week of instruction,
training, and coordination, as well as one hour per month of clinic. Id. ¶1 12, 16. After the
May 2015 IEP was agreed upon, an issue arose as to whether the Home Program would run for
the entire summer or if it coincided with TCI’s extended school year (“ESY”). which did not
occur during the month of August. Id. ¶ 18-21. Ridgewood agreed to provide the Home
Program to R.K. in August 2015, although the parties disagree as to whether this was actually
required by the IEP or was voluntarily agreed to by Ridgewood. Id. ¶ 22. For purposes of the
present motion, Ridgewood appears to concede that the May 2015 IEP indicated that R.K.
would receive Home Program services in August while school is not in session.
The second relevant IEP was hand-delivered to Plaintiffs’ home on December 23, 2015,
after the parties attended an annual IEP review meeting on December 15, 2015 (hereinafter the
“December 2015 IEP”). Id. ¶ 35. Plaintiffs believed that the December 2015 IEP “had a
number of errors,” including the fact that the Home Program schedule coincided with TCI’s
ESY, instead of taking place for the entire calendar year. Id. ¶ 36. After receiving the
December 2015 IEP, D.K. sent an email to R.K.’s case manager. Gila Elbaum, on January 7,
2016 to inquire about the Home Program error, among other issues. Id. ¶N 3 7-38. Elbaum
replied to D.K.’s email on January 12, 2016. In regards to D.K.’s question about the Home
Program schedule, Elbaum replied that “the home program runs concurrent with the school
program and school calendar.” Id. ¶1J41, 46; D.K. Certification Ex. F. On January 16, 2016,
D.K. sent a follow-up email to Elbaum stating that R.K. “needs a year-round home program
without extended breaks” and that the proposal to limit the home program schedule to the ESY
schedule is inappropriate.” Compi. ¶)7 47-49; D.K. Certification Ex. F. Elbaum replied through
another email on January 22, 2016, stating that “this is not a change to what is being done in the
home program” but that “the extended school year home program will run in concert with the
dates of the TCI extended school year.” Compi. ¶ 50-51, D.K. Certification Ex. G.
On January 22, 2016, Plaintiffs’ attorney reached out to Ridgewood’s attorney. David
Rubin, “to see if the parties could resolve the remaining issue regarding the Home Program
schedule.” Compl. ¶ 54. Rubin responded on February 23, 2016, “at which time he affirmed
the position taken by Elbaum,” namely that the Home Program dates would correspond with the
There is a factual dispute as to whether the Home Program was discussed at the December 15
IEP meeting. See Compl. ¶ 28. The Court, however, does not need to resolve this dispute for
purposes of this appeal.
ESY dates. Id. ¶ 55. During oral argument, Plaintiffs’ counsel conceded that this was the last
possible date to which the pertinent regulation, discussed thrther below, applied. On March 4,
2016, the ESY program dates were confirmed and Plaintiffs learned that TCI’s ESY would run
from July 5 to August 3, 2016. Id. ¶J 56-57. As a result, Plaintiffs learned that R.K. would not
receive Home Program services from August 4,2016 and September 7,2016. Id. ¶ 58.
Plaintiffs had already learned in December2015 that Ridgewood would only provide the Home
Program through the ESY; the precise dates of the ESY were not determined until March 2016.
After learning the exact ESY dates, on March 28, 2016, Plaintiffs filed a request for a due
process challenge “because it is not appropriate for R.K. to be entirely without ABA-based
services for five weeks.” Id. ¶ 59. Mediation was initially scheduled for April 27, 2016, and
due to a dispute between Ridgewood and the Home Program provider regarding responsibility
for the cost of services, it ultimately occurred on May 26, 2016. Id. ¶ 60-63. The mediation
was unsuccessful. Id. ¶ 64. The parties also attended a settlement conference on June 16, 2016,
which was also unsuccessful. Id. ¶ 65. As a result, the matter was referred to Administrative
Law Judge Joan Bedrin Murray (the “AU”). Id. ¶ 66. At a scheduling conference with the AU
on June 20, 2016, Plaintiffs first discussed their intent to file a motion for summary decision and
stay put “to enforce R.K.’s IDEA-guaranteed right to have his Home Program maintained
without change during the pendency of the due process proceedings.” Id. ¶ 67. Plaintiffs filed
their motion on June 25, 2016, and after the motion was fully briefed, the AU held a conference
call regarding the motion on July 27, 2015. Id. fl 69-7!. On August 15, 2016, the AU entered
an Order denying Plaintiffs’ request for summary decision because there were material facts in
dispute and Plaintiffs’ motion to enforce stay-put.” Id. 9!J 73-74. The matter is currently
scheduled for a plenary hearing on September 23, 2016. While Plaintiffs pursued their
administrative appeal, TCI’s ESY program ended on August 3,2016 as scheduled, and R.K. has
not received Home Program services since that date. Id. ¶ 72.
In the August 15 Order, the AU recognized that pursuant to N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.7(u), New
Jersey’s “stay put” rule, “a child’s placement pending plenary hearing should remain
unchanged.” AU Op. at 8. The AU determined that to adhere with the stay put rule, she must
reference other procedural requirements to determine which IEP “is the one that must remain in
effect pending resolution of a due process petition.” Id. The AU determined that the December
2015 IEP “is the ‘stay put’ IEP” due to N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.3(h)(3)(ii). Id. Pursuant to GA:142.3(h)(3)(ii). a district “shall” implement an [EP after fifteen days’ notice. The AU concluded
that because Plaintiffs filed their due process petition in March, more than three months after
they received the December 2015 IEP, Ridgewood had already implemented the December
2015 IEP. Because the December 2015 TEP did not provide Home Program services during the
month of August. R.K. was not entitled to these services pursuant to the stay put provision. Id.
Plaintiffs appealed the AU’s determination regarding the stay put rule through this
application for an order to show cause on August 17, 2016. Plaintiffs argue that the stay put
provision acts to maintain the “status quo.” Plaintiffs further claim that because R.K.’s Home
Program was not scheduled to change until August 2016, the “status quo” when they filed their
request for a due process hearing in March 2016 provided for home services after the ESY
ended. As a result, Plaintiffs argue this is the status quo that should be maintained under the
stay put provision. Plfs. Br. at 15-16. Plaintiffs argue that the AU improperly relied on
N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.3(f )(3). which only serves to ensure that parents receive timely notice of
proposed changes and that a school properly implements any changes, and should not affect the
stay put rule. Specifically, Plaintiffs argue that the AU should not have focused on which IEP
was in effect, and instead should have looked at what services R.K. was receiving as of March
2016. Plfs’ Br. at 16-17. Defendant acknowledges that the stay put rule acts as an automatic
statutory injunction against attempts to change a student’s program but argues that the AU
correctly determined that the December 2015 IEP was the operative stay put IEP. Because the
December 2015 IEP did not provide for Home Program services for the month of August, R.K.
is not entitled to the services during the pendency of the due process hearing, according to
Defendant. Defs Br. at 13.
This Court has federal subject matter jurisdiction over the matter pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
1331. “Although the stay-put provision has no express language concerning appeal to a district
court from an AU determination, our courts accept jurisdiction of stay put disputes.”
Cinnarninson Thu. Rd. ofEduc. v. K.L.. No. 16-3586, 2016 WU 4212121, at *3 (D.N.J. Aug. 9,
2016) (quotingR.S. v. Somen’illeBd. of Educ., 2011 WL 32521, at *8 (D.N.J. Jan. 5,2011)).
Moreover, district courts can address interlocutory appeals of stay put decisions that involve
legal disputes. Id. at *4 Courts apply a modified tie nave standard of review to appeals of AU
findings. Id. at *3 As a such, the Court provides “due weight to factual findings by the AU,
but allows for de novo review of issues of law.” Id. “The question of what constitutes a
student’s ‘current educational placement’ under IDEA’s stay put provision is one of law.” KS.,
2011 WU 32521, at *6. As a result, our review of the AU stay put decision is tie nave.
The IDEA provides numerous procedural safeguards to protect the interests of special
needs children. At issue here is the “stay put” provision, 20 U.S.C. § 1415(j). Cinnaniinson
Thu. Rd. ofEthic, 2016 WL 4212121, at *4• The stay put provision provides that during the
pendency of IDEA proceedings, “the child shall remain in the then-current educational
placement.” D.M. v. N.J. Dep? of Educ., 801 F.3d 205,211 (3d Cir. 2015) (quoting 20 U.S.C. §
1415(j)). The stay put rule “functions, in essence, as an automatic preliminary injunction” and
“the usual prerequisites to injunctive relief are not required.” Id. (quoting Drinker cx rd Drinker
v Colonial Sc/i. Dist., 78 F. 3d 859, 864 (3d Cir. 1996)). If the stay put rule applies, “children
are to remain in their current educational placement until the dispute with regard to their
placement is ultimately resolved regardless of whether their case is meritorious or not.” Id.
At issue in this appeal is what was the “then-current educational placement” of R.K.
when Plaintiffs requested the due process hearing on March 28, 2016? To answer this question,
the AU correctly looked to N.J.A.C. 6A: 14-2.3(h), which requires a district to implement an JEP
after certain circumstances, which largely address notice to parents, are satisfied. Specifically,
N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.3(h)(3) provides that “the district board of education shall implement’ an IEP
after providing timely notice to a parent, and providing the parents 15 days to respond, unless:
(i) The parent disagrees with the proposed action and the district
takes action in an attempt to resolve the disagreement; or
(ii) The parent requests mediation or a due process hearing
according to N.J.A.C. 6A:14—2.6 or 2.7.
N.J.A.C. 6A:l4-2.3(h)(3). The AU focused solely on subsection (ii) ofN.J.A.C. 6A:l42.3(h)(3). AU Opinion at 8-9. Although the facts demonstrate that subsection (i) could also be
at issue, the parties agreed at oral argument that neither subsection is at issue here. Plaintiffs’
counsel acknowledged that the last possible date that could apply to subsection (i) was February
23, 2016, when Ridgewood’s counsel indicated that the District was following the proposed
timeframe. i.e. proving services concurrently with the ESY and not throughout the entire
summer.2 As a result. N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.3(h)(3) mandated Ridgewood to implement the
December 2015 ZEP unless Plaintiffs requested mediation or a due process hearing within the
given 15 days. PLaintiffs did not do so, as they acknowledge. Consequently, when Plaintiffs
ultimately requested a due process hearing on March 28, 2016, the December 2015 IEP was
clearly in effect. Therefore, this IEP, which does not provide for Home Program services outside
TCI’s ESY dates, is the relevant IEP for any stay put inquiry.
Plaintiffs argue that the AU erred because she incorrectly focused on which IEP was in
effect when the due process hearing was requested in March 2016. Plfs. Br. at 15-18. Plaintiffs
argue that the stay put rule does not contemplate whether a specific IEP is in effect because it
only mentions the “then current educational placement.” 20 U.S.C. § 1415(j). As a result,
Plaintiffs argue that the AU improperly focused on the December 2015 IEP requirements, when
she should have more globally considered R.K.’s “educational status quo” as of March 2016. Id.
Plaintiffs argue that because the gap in Home Program services was more than three months
away and had not yet gone into effect, the “status quo” in March was that R.K. received yearround Home Program services. Id. As a result, until the due process proceedings are resolved,
R.K. is entitled to Home Program services. The Court disagrees. The Third Circuit makes clear
that the “educational placement” contemplated in the stay put provision is the operative IEP at
the time. Drinker, 78 F.3d at 867 (considering “the IEP actually functioning when the stay put
provision of the IDEA was invoked” (emphasis added); see also MR. i’. Ridlev Sc/s. Dist, 744
F.3d 112, 118 (3d Cir. 2014) (“To determine [the then-current educational] placement, this court
has looked to the IEP ‘actually ifinctioning when the ‘stay put’ is invoked.”) (quoting Drinker,
78 F.3d at 867.); 5K. cx ret N.K. v Parsippany-Troy Hills Rd. ofEduc., No. 07-4631, 2008 WL
4561512, at *3 (D.N.J. Oct. 9,2008) (“Our jurisprudence defines the ‘then-current educational
placement’ as the [EP actually functioning when the stay-put is invoked. In other words, it is
generally the placement associated with the child’s most recent IEP.”). Here, the IEP that was
actually functioning at the time Plaintiffs requested a due process hearing was the December
2015 IEP. Moreover, adopting Plaintiffs’ interpretation of the stay-up rule would create an
untenable result. Doing so would break student’s IEPs into small, discrete pieces with varying
The Court is not making a factual determination as to when the December 2015 IEP was
implemented because the actual date of implementation does not matter for the purposes of this
deadlines applying to a single IEP, depending upon when specific aspects of the IEP were to be
implemented during a given school or calendar year. Such an approach would encourage piece
meal litigation and the implementation of N.J.A.C. 6A: 14-2.3(h)(3) would become unduly
onerous if not unworkable.
Plaintiffs argue that BA. IV r. East Orange Rd. of Ethic., demonstrates that the AU
incorrectly focused on which IEP was in effect when the due process hearing was requested. No.
10-4039, 2010 WL3522096, at *5 (D.N.J. Aug. 31, 2010). Plfs’ Br. at 15.16. This case,
however, is distinguishable. In BA. IV, the court observed that as to the fifteen-day rule, “it is
entirely unclear from the record when B.A.W. (and/or his mother) first received a copy of the
January 2010 IEP, and [J in any event Defendant cites to no specific rule. section of the
administrative code or other legal authority in support of his position.” Id. at *4 n.8. In this
instance, there is no dispute that a copy of the IEP was hand-delivered to Plaintiffs on December
23, 2015 (Compl. ¶J 35). and Defendant specifically cites to N.J.A.C. 6A:l4-2.30 )(3). which the
Court finds applicable. It does not appear that the defendant in BA. Ii. directed the court to this
provision. As discussed, because N.J.A.C. 6A: 14-2.30 )(3) required Ridgewood to adopt the
December 2015 IEP, this document must be used determine the “educational status quo.”
Drinker, 78 F.3d at 867.
Relying upon N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.7(u) Plaintiffs also argue that New Jersey’s stay put
provision does not specifically contemplate which IEP is at issue and that pursuant to the New
Jersey rule, the Court should look at the status quo without considering the operative IEP.
N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.7(u) provides in relevant part that “[p]ending the outcome of a due process
hearing, including an expedited due process hearing, or any administrative or judicial
proceeding, no change shall be made to the student’s classification, program or placement unless
ha[ve] the same
both parties agree[.]” However, “[t]he provisions of N.J.A.C. 6A: 14-2.7(u)
meaning as the language of2O U.S.C.A. § 1415(j).” fF1. & T.H. cx reif H. i’. Cent. Reg’! Rd. qf
Ethic., OAL Dkt. No. EDS 11713-12,2012 WL 3879378, at *3 (Sept. 4,2012)? In essence, the
New Jersey regulatory provision cited by Plaintiffs requires the same stay put requirement as the
IDEA. This provision, however, does not answer the central question, i.e. which IEP was in
effect when the stay put provision applied? Consequently, Plaintiffs’ argument that the New
Jersey stay put rule requires that R.K. continue to receive Home Program services is unavailing.
Although not raised by the parties, the Court notes that J.H. does discuss Administrative Law
decisions that did not require strict adherence with N.J.A.C. 6A:l4-2.3(h)(3), such that the stay
put rule applied to a prior IEP. 2012 WL 3879378, at *3_4 In those cases, the AU looked at the
totality of the circumstances and in essence, equitably tolled the fifteen-day requirement set forth
in N.J.A.C. 6A: [4-2.3(h)(3). Those cases, however, appeared to involve uncounseled parents
who nevertheless notified the relevant school board of their disagreements with the proposed
IEPs. The Court does not see any basis to loosen the requirements of N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.3(h)(3)
here, where Plaintiffs have been represented by an attorney, were aware of Ridgewood’s position
regarding dates that Home Program services would be provided since December 2015 and knew
that Ridgewood would not consider changing its position by, at the latest, February 2016.
For the reasons stated above, the Court affirms the AU’s decision that the relevant stay
put provisions, 20 U.S.C.A. § 1415(j) and N.J.A.C. 6A:14-2.7(u), do not require Ridgewood
Village Board of Education to provide Home Program services for R.K. outside of the extended
school year program dates. Plaintiffs’ Application for an Order to Show Cause seeking a
preliminary injunction requiring Ridgewood to provide these services is DENIED.
John R4ichael Vazquez,
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