J & J SPORTS PRODUCTIONS v. PASSAIC CITY RIDERS et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge Jose L. Linares on 5/15/17. (cm, )
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No.: 16-5 142 (JLL)
J&J SPORTS PRODUCTIONS, INC.,
PASSAIC CITY RIDERS MOTORCYCLE
CLUB, et al,
LINARES, District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court by way of Plaintiff J&J Sports Productions, Inc.’s
(“Plaintiff’) motion to alter or amend this Court’s March 17, 2017 Order (ECF No. 22 (“Order”)
and Opinion (ECF No. 21 (“Op.”)) resolving Plaintiffs motion for the entry of default judgment.
(ECF No. 23). Defendants have not opposed this motion. The Court decides this matter without
oral argument pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 78, and for the reasons stated herein,
Plaintiffs motion is granted in part and denied in part.
The facts of this matter were described in this Court’s March 17, 2017 Opinion. As such,
and in the interests of judicial economy, the Court includes an abbreviated statement of facts
On December 23, 2016, Plaintiff filed a motion for default judgment seeking statutory
damages, costs, and attorney’s fees for Defendants’ alleged piracy of a television program to which
Plaintiff has exclusive licensing rights (the “Program”), in violation of 47 U.S.C.
§ 607. (ECF No.
12, “Pl.’s DJ Br.”). Defendants failed to oppose the motion for default judgment, and the Court
held a hearing with respect to same on february 2, 2017. On March 17, 2017, after reviewing
supplemental filings submitted by Plaintiff, and after raising a concern to Plaintiff with respect to
representations that were made to this Court, this Court issued an Opinion and Order resolving the
motion for default judgment.
In short, the Court granted in part and denied in part Plaintiffs motion for default judgment.
While the Court found that Plaintiff had put forth a prima fade case of piracy in violation of 47
§ 605 as to the Passaic City Riders Motorcycle Club (“Defendant Club”), the Court held
that Plaintiff had failed to establish a basis for liability as against the individual Defendants. The
Court declined to grant Plaintiffs request for the maximum statutory damages of S 10,000.00 and
the maximum enhanced damages of $100,000.00, finding these amounts to be unreasonable.
Ultimately, the Court awarded Plaintiff $2,200.00, in statutory damages, which is the amount that
Defendants would have had to pay to legitimately exhibit the Program. The Court declined to
award any enhanced damages, finding that Plaintiff had not established that the Defendants
benefited financially from the unlawful exhibition—a necessary finding to impose enhanced
damages. See 47 U.S.C.
§ 605(e)(3)(c)(ii). In addition to awarding Plaintiff statutory damages,
the Court awarded Plaintiff costs of filing suit, as well as attorney’s fees of 1/3’ of Plaintiffs
award of $2,200.00.
Plaintiff now seeks an amendment of the above Order. Specifically, Plaintiff
requests that the Court increase its statutory damages award to Plaintiff, award Plaintiff enhanced
statutory damages under 47 U.S.C.
§ 605(e)(3)(C)(ii), increase the attorneys’ fee awarded to
Plaintiff commensurate with any increase in damages, and find the individual Defendants liable to
Plaintiff” (ECF No. 23, “Pl.’s Br.” at 6). Plaintiff is no longer seeking maximum statutory and
enhanced damages, but rather “requests that the Court increase the statutory damages and award
enhanced statutory damages in amounts sufficient to accomplish the goal of deterrence (both
specific and general), and to compensate Plaintiff fully.” (Id.).
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 5 9(e), a party may file “[a] motion to alter or
amend a judgment..
no later than 2$ days afier the entry of judgment.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e).
“A proper motion to alter or amend judgment must rely on one of three major grounds: (1) an
intervening change in controlling law; (2) the availability of new evidence [not available
previously]; [or] (3) the need to correct clear error [of law] or prevent manifest injustice.”
Harrison v. Coker, 587 Fed. App’x. 736, 740 (3d Cir. 2014) (quoting, in full, N River Ins. Co. v.
CIGNA Reinsurance Co., 52 F.3d 1194, 121$ (3d Cir.1995)). When the assertion is that the Court
overlooked something, the Court must have overlooked “some dispositive factual or legal matter
that was presented to it.” McGovern v. City ofJersey City, Civ. No. 98—5186, 2008 WL 58820, at
*2 (D.N.J. Jan.2, 200$).
Plaintiffs principal argument in support of its motion to amend the judgment is that the
damages award did not provide sufficient incentive to deter future violations. (Pl.’s Br. at 7-10).
According to Plaintiff, “[a]n award equivalent to the lawful licensing fee creates a perverse
incentive for a person to attempt to break the law.” (Id. at 8). Plaintiff contends that “[t]his Court
does not specifically address the deterrence factor in its written opinion.” (Id. at 8).
Nowhere in Plaintiffs multiple filings entered prior to this Court’s March 17th
determination did Plaintiff raise its concern of “deterrence.” (See ECF Nos. 12 (“Pl.’s DJ Br.”),
18, 20). Nor, for that matter, has Plaintiff previously cited to the cases now offered in support of
this newly-raised argument that deterrence is a factor that the Court should consider in issuing an
award.’ Rather, in its brief in support of the motion for default judgment, Plaintiff provided the
Court with a list of factors to be considered in awarding statutory damages, which list did not
include a deterrence factor. (Pl.’s DJ Br. at 3). Because “motions for reconsideration ‘are not an
opportunity to argue what could have been, but was not, argued in the original set of moving and
responsive papers,” the Court declines to consider this newly-raised argument. Felt v. GreatWest Life and Annuity Ins. Co., 460 F. Supp. 2d 632, 43 (D.N.J. 2006) (quoting Bowers v. NCAA,
130 F. Supp. 2d 610, 613 (D.N.J. 2001)).
Next, Plaintiff argues that the Court erred in basing its statutory damage award on the
amount of money it would have cost Defendants to lawfully exhibit the Program. (P1.’s Br. at 1011). Specifically, Plaintiff appears to argue that because statutory damages are generally available
when actual damages are difficult to prove, the Court erred in basing its award upon the actual cost
of a license to exhibit the Program. (Id. at 11). However, as the Eastern District of New York
stated in Potions Bar & Lounge, a case which Plaintiff heavily relies upon, “[a]n obvious starting
point for determining the damages owed to plaintiff is the licensing fee that defendants would have
paid to show the Event legally.” Potions Bar & Lounge, 2009 WL 763624, *7 Indeed, by
Plaintiff did previously cite to J&J Sports Productions, Inc. v. Potions Bar & Lounge, Inc., 2009 WL 763624
(E.D.N.Y. Mar. 23, 2009), which case Plaintiff now discusses with respect to its argument as to deterrence; however,
Plaintiff did not previously cite to this case for this proposition. In any event, the Court in Potions Bar & Lounge did
award damages with a mind toward deterrence of future violations, the Court did so only after finding that plaintiff
there was, in fact, entitled to enhanced damages—a determination not made by this Court. Potions Bar & Lounge,
2009 WI 763624, *8.
Plaintiffs own account, one of the factors courts are to consider in issuing a damages award is the
“pecuniary loss sustained by the victim as a result of the offense.” (Pl.’s DJ Br. at 3). Accordingly,
this Court did not err in basing the statutory damages upon the cost of the licensing fee.
Additionally, Plaintiff argues that the Court erred in holding that Plaintiff had not
established the element of financial gain necessary to impose enhanced damages and a finding of
liability as to the individual Defendants. (Pl.’s Br. at 11-14). Plaintiff does not contend, however,
that the Court overlooked any argument offered by Plaintiff in its underlying papers. Although
“Plaintiff [now] respectfully submits that the airing of the Program itself is sufficient to establish
the purpose of financial gain” (id. at 11), this argument was not before the Court below.
Accordingly, the Court declines to address an argument not previously before it on the underlying
motion. See ABS Brokerage Servs. v. Penson Fin. Servs,, Inc., No. 09—4590, 2010 WL 3257992,
at *6 (D.N.J. Aug.16, 2010) (“Mere ‘disagreement with the Court’s decision” is not an adequate
argument on a motion for reconsideration.”) (quoting P. Schoenfeld Asset Mgmt., LLC v. Cendant
Corp., 161 F.$upp.2d 349, 353 (D.N.J. 2001)).
Plaintiff further argues that the Court erred in “presuppos[ing]” that Plaintiffs status as a
501(c)(3) organization precludes a finding that the exhibition of the Program was not for a
commercial purpose. (Pl.’s Br. at 12-13). The Court did not, however, presuppose that Plaintiffs
status as a charitable organization precluded a finding that Defendants acted for commercial
Indeed, the Court considered the Club’s 501(c)(3) status as one of several factors
militating against a finding of financial benefit.
Moreover, Plaintiff argues, once again, that the individual Defendants should have been
held liable. According to Plaintiff, the Court misapplied the requirements for individual liability
by holding that there has not been a “financial benefit” to the individual Defendants where the case
relied upon by the Court uses the phrase “financial interest.” (Pl.’s Br. at 13). For the purposes
of this case, this distinction is without a difference. That is, Plaintiff did not make a sufficient
showing that the individual Defendants had either a financial “interest” or a financial “benefit”
from the misconduct. The Court will not alter its holding that the individual Defendants are not
Lastly, and by way of footnote, Plaintiff states that the Court erred in ordering the
Defendant Club to pay “statutory damages in the amount of $2,200.00, 1/3’’ of which (amounting
to $733.33 is to be paid to Plaintiffs attorneys). (Pl.’s Br. at 8, n. 2). Plaintiff states that because
attorneys’ fees and statutory damages are addressed under separate subsections of 47 U.S.C.
the Court en-ed in identifying attorneys’ fees as “statutory damages.” (Id.). On this point, the
Court agrees. Accordingly, the Court will amend its order to grant Plaintiff statutory damages in
the full amount of $2,200.00 and attorneys’ fees of $733.33, which fees shall not be taken from
Plaintiffs award of statutory damages.
For the reasons stated herein, Plaintiffs motion to amend or alter this Court’s March 17,
2017 Order is hereby granted in part and denied in part. The motion is granted only to the extent
that the prior Order shall be amended such that Plaintiff shall be entitled to $2,200.00 in statutory
fees and, separately, $733.33 in attorneys’ fees. An appropriate Order accompanies this Opinion.
The accompanying Order shall supersede this Court’s March 17, 2017 Order.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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