MARCHI v. NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE, LLC
OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Jose L. Linares on 8/31/17. (cm, )
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No.: 16-6044 (JLL)
NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE, LLC, as Loan
Servicer on behalf of owner/investor Freddie
LINARES, Chief District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court by way of Defendant Nationstar Mortgage, LLC’s
Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs Complaint pursuant to Rule 12(b)(l) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure (ECF No. 21)) Plaintiff has opposed said motion (ECF No. 23 (“P1. Opp. Br.”)), to
which Defendant has replied. (ECF No. 24). The Court decides this matter without oral argument
pursuant to Rule 78 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. For the reasons set forth below, the
Court grants Defendant’s Motion.
On October 27, 2016, Plaintiff filed an action against Defendant Nationstar Mortgage, LLC
The Court notes that Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss was initially filed as a response to Plaintiffs improper Motion
for Leave to F lie an Amended Complaint. On July 6, 2017, Magistrate Judge A. Dickson, U.S.M.J. denied Plaintiffs
Motion for Leave to F lie an Amended Complaint, as same was moot based on prior Orders, filed Plaintiffs attached
Proposed Amended Complaint, and converted Defendant’s response to Plaintiffs Motion for Leave to File an
Amended Complaint to a Motion to Dismiss. (ECF No. 22). Accordingly, the Court treats Defendant’s response to
Plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to Filc an Amended Complaint as a Motion to Dismiss.
This background is derived from Plaintiffs Amended Complaint, which the Court must accept as true at this stage
of the proceedings. See Aiston v. Countiywide fin. Coip., 585 F.3d 753, 758 (3d Cir. 2009).
for breach of contract, asserting diversity jurisdiction. (ECF No. 1). Plaintiffs complaint was
dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction on December 5, 2016.
(ECF Nos. 9, 10).
Specifically, the Complaint was dismissed as it failed to meet the amount in controversy
requirement set forth in 28 U.S.C.
1332(a). (Id.; Id.). Plaintiff has since filed an Amended
Complaint asserting claims for breach of contract and breach of the implied covenant of good faith
and fair dealing. (ECF No. 17 (“FAC”)).
Plaintiff claims that, on October 12, 2011, non-party Bank of America, N.A. loaned him
$ 183,750.00 to purchase a certain piece of property located in Bergen County, New Jersey. (FAC
17). Plaintiff executed both a note and mortgage in connection with the loan. (FAC
19). At the time Plaintiff executed said documents, Plaintiff agreed to make monthly payments of
$1,000.49 to Bank of America, N.A. (FAC
On or about October 15, 2012, Defendant acquired the “Loan servicing rights from Bank
of America, N.A.” (FAC
In January of 2013, Plaintiff was laid off from his job and “began
[J financial hardship.”
with Defendant. (FAC
Accordingly, Plaintiff sought to modify his loan
26-30). However, Defendant rejected Plaintiffs loan modification
application on July 16, 2013. (FAC
Plaintiff continued his efforts, but he was unsuccessful
and ultimately advised, by way of telephone, that the modification could not be granted on
September 23, 2013. (FAC
¶J 34-3 7).
Thereafter, and on or about October 1, 2013, Plaintiff was advised by Defendant that he
would be required to pay an additional escrow amount of $364.26 as a part of his monthly mortgage
payment under the note. (FAC
Plaintiff claims he “was never informed that this additional
escrow amount would occur and challenged Defendant [j as to this additional fee which ha[d] been
October 1, 2013.” (FAC
¶ 39). Defendant advised Plaintiff that the increase “was
part of the [loan] modification process and was irreversible.” (Id.) (internal quotation marks
Accordingly, Plaintiff brought the within action asserting a single count for breach of
contract on September 28, 2016.
(See general/v Compl.). Plaintiffs FAC seeks “inoneta’
damages in the principal amount of 813, 798.92 ([c]alculated based upon the additional escrow
amounts of$3 64.26 for (6) months, $404.58 for the month of April, 2014, $370.16 from the months
of May to October, 2014, $370.56 from the months of November 2014 to October, 2015, and
$412.86 from the months [sic] of November 2015 to present).” (FAC
¶ 55)(ernphasis added).
Additionally, Plaintiff seeks “$10,000.00 for relocation expenses incurred as a result of
Defendant’s” conduct. (FAC
Under Rule 12 (b)( 1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a Defendant may move to
dismiss a complaint for lack of subject rnatterjurisdiction. Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1). The plaintiff,
as the party asserting jurisdiction, bears the burden to establish the federal court’s authority to hear
the matter. Packard 1’. Provident Nat’l Bank, 994 F.2d 1039, 1045 (3d Cir. 1993). Pursuant to 28
§ 1332, this Court may hear actions where Plaintiff alleges complete diversity and the
amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.00. 2$ U.S.C.
§ 1332(a). The Court must look to the face
of the pleadings and the proofs to determine whether the plaintiff meets this amount by a “legal
certainty.” St. Paul Mercury Indem. Co. v. Red Cab Co., 303 U.S. 283, 289 (1938). A Cotirt is
without subject matter jurisdiction if a plaintiff fails to allege the requisite amount in controversy.
See, e.g., Proft Cleaning & Innovative Bldg. Servs. v. Kennedy fttnding, Inc., 2009 WL 1651131,
at *14 (D.N.J. June 12, 2009).
Here, Plaintiffs FAC must, once again, be dismissed as he has failed to properly allege the
requisite $75,000.00 amount in controversy required by 28 U.SC.
1332(a). While FAC states
that the amount in controversy amount is met because the “appraised value of the property and the
allegations presented herein exceed $75,000.00,” (FAC
totaling $23,798.92. (see FAC “Prayer for Relief’
10), Plaintiff actually seeks damages
1, 3). In his Opposition to the Motion to
Dismiss, Plaintiff avers that the purported value of the subject property is $143, 675.28. (P1. Opp.
Br. at 3). Unfortunately, Plaintiffs assertion by way of brief in opposition is not an allegation in
FAC. Moreover, even if said valuation was included in the FAC, Plaintiff fails to explain how
such a valuation relates to his breach of contract claim based on an increased escrow payment. As
discussed, without the necessary amount of controversy, this Court is without stibject matter
jurisdiction. Accordingly, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) of the Federal
Rules of Civil Procedure is granted, as Plaintiffs FAC fails to confer subject matter jurisdiction
upon this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
For the aforementioned reasons, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss the Complaint is granted
without prejudice. Plaintiff is hereby granted Leave to file a Second Amended Complaint (“SAC”),
and shall file same on or before September 28, 2017. SAC must address the deficiencies identified
herein, and shall include a separate section for each cause of action being asserted. Each section
shall contain separate numbered paragraphs with substantive facts relating to the cause of action
being asserted. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 8, 10. Finally, Plaintiff shall address the subject matter
jurisdiction issue discussed above. Failure to comply with these instructions shall result in a
dismissal with prejudice. An appropriate Order accompanies this Opinion.
JO I. LNARE$
CJudge, United States District Court
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