MARCHI v. NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE, LLC
OPINION. Signed by Judge Jose L. Linares on 12/5/16. (DD, ) N/M
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No.: 16-6044 (JLL)
NATION$TAR MORTGAGE, LLC, as Loan
$ ervicer on behalf of owner/investor Freddie
LINARES, District Judge.
This matter comes before the Court by way of Defendant Nationstar Mortgage, LLC’s
Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs Complaint pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure (ECF No. 6). Plaintiff has opposed said motion (ECF No. 7(”Pl. Opp. Br.”)), to which
Defendant has replied to. (ECF No. 8). The Court decides this matter without oral argument
pursuant to Rule 78 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. F or the reasons set forth below, the
Court grants Defendant’s Motion.
On October 27, 2016, Plaintiff filed an action against Defendant Nationstar Mortgage, LLC
for breach of contract. (ECF No. 1 (“Compl.”)). Plaintiff claims that on October 12, 2011 nonparty Barnk of America, N.A. loaned him $183,750.00 to purchase a certain piece of property
located in Bergen County, New Jersey. (Compi.
8, 12). Plaintiff executed both a note and
‘This background is derived from Plaintiffs Amended Complaint, which the Court must accept as true at this stage
of the proceedings. See Aiston v. Countrywide Fin. Corp., 585 f.3d 753, 758 (3d Cir. 2009).
mortgage in connection with the loan. (Compl.
¶J 12-13). At the time Plaintiff executed said
documents, Plaintiff agreed to make monthly payments of $1,000.49 to Bank of America, N.A.
On or about October 15, 2012, Defendant acquired the “Loan Servicing rights from Bank
of America, N.A.” (Compl.
“began to experience
¶ 16). In January of 2015, Plaintiff was laid off from his job and
 financial hardship.” (Compl. ¶ 19). Accordingly, Plaintiff sought to
modify his load with Defendant. (Compi. ¶] 2 1-22). However, Defendant rejected Plaintiffs loan
modification application on July 16, 2013. (Compl.
¶ 27). Plaintiff continued his efforts, but he
was unsuccessful and ultimately advised, by way of telephone, that the modification could not be
granted on September 23, 2013. (Compl.
¶J 28-3 1).
Thereafter, and on or about October 1, 2013, Plaintiff was advised by Defendant that he
would be required to pay an additional escrow amount of $364.26 as a part ofhis monthly mortgage
payment under the note.
¶ 38). Plaintiff claims he “was never informed that this
additional escrow amount would occur and challenged Defendant
has been occurring since October 1, 2013.” (Compl.
 as to this additional fee which
¶ 39). Defendant advised Plaintiff that the
increase “was part of the [loan] modification process and was irreversible.” (Id.).
Accordingly, Plaintiff brought the within action asserting a single count for breach of
contract on September 28, 2016. (see generally Compl.). Plaintiffs complaint seeks “monetcay
damages in the principal amount of $13, 798.92 ([c]alculated based upon the additional escrow
amounts of $364.26 for (6) months, $404.58 for the month of April, 2014, $370.16 from the months
of May to October, 2014, $370.56 from the months of November 2014 to October, 2015, and
$412.86 from the months (sic) of November 2015 to present).” (Compl.
¶ 50)(emphasis added).
Additionally, Plaintiff seeks “$10,000.00 for relocation expenses incurred as a result of
Defendant’s” conduct. (Compl.
Motion to Dismiss Pursuant for Lack of Subject Matter Jurisdiction
Under Rule 12 (b)( 1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a Defendant may move to
dismiss a complaint for lack ofsubject-matterjurisdiction. Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1). The Plaintiff,
as the party asserting jurisdiction, bears the burden to establish the federal court’s authority to hear
the matter. Packard v. Providential Nat’l Bank, 994 f.2d 1039, 1045 (3d Cir. 1993). Pursuant to
§ 1332, this Court may hear actions where Plaintiff alleges complete diversity and the
amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.00. 2$ U.S.C.
1332(a). The Court must look to the face
of the pleadings and the proofs to determine whether the plaintiff meets this amount by a “legal
certainty.” St. Paul Mercury Indent. Co. v. Red Cab Co., 303 U.S. 283, 229 (1938). A Court is
without subject matter jurisdiction if a plaintiff fails to allege the requisite amount in controversy.
See, e.g., Prof’l Cleaning & Innovative Bldg. Servs. V. Kennedy funding, Inc., 2009 WL 1651131,
at *14 (D.N.J. June 12, 2009).
Here, Plaintiffs Complaint must be dismissed as he has failed to properly allege the
requisite $75,000.00 amount in controversy required by 28 U.SC.
§ 1332(a). While Plaintiffs
Complaint states that the amount in controversy amount is met because the “appraised value of the
property and the allegations presented herein exceed $75,000.00,” (Compl.
actually seeks damages totaling $23,798.92.
¶ 10), Plaintiff
(see Compl. “Prayer for Relief’
¶ 1, 3). As
discussed, without the necessary amount of controversy, this Court is without subject matter
jurisdiction. Accordingly, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) of the Federal
Rules of Civil Procedure is granted, as Plaintiffs Complaint fails to confer subject matter
jurisdiction upon this Court pursuant to 2$ U.S.C.
Plaintiffs Opposition requests that he be given the opportunity to amend this Complaint to
include an additional count under New Jersey’s Consumer fraud Act, which, he claims, will satisfy
the jurisdiction amount. P1. Opp. Br. at p. 2. While this Court is currently unpersuaded that said
cause of action would increase the amount in controversy as to satisfy 28 U.S.C.
Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is granted without prejudice, in order to afford Plaintiff an
additional opportunity to correct his deficient pleading.
for the aforementioned reasons, Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss the Complaint is granted
STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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