WINTERS et al v. JONES et al
OPINION. Signed by Judge John Michael Vazquez on 1/8/18. (sr, )
Case 2:17-cv-00390-JMV-JBC Document 28 Filed 01/08/18 Page 1 of 6 PageID: 133
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Not for Publication
JEFFREY A. WINTERS, et al,
Civil Action No. 16-9020
JOSEPH K. JONES, et al,
John Michael Vazguez. U.S.D.J.
This matter comes before the Court on two motions for sanctions against Plaintiffs and
their counsel, David Hoffman. The two groups of Defendants who have filed the motions are (1)
Defendants An Marcus, Yitzchak Zelman, and Marcus & Zelman LLC, D.E. 60; and (2)
Defendants Laura Maim and the Law Offices of Laura S. Mann, D.E. 63.’ Plaintiffs Jeffrey
Winters and Collection Solutions, Inc. (“Plaintiffs”) filed briefs in opposition, D.E. 61, 66, to
which the Marcus Defendants replied, D.E. 62.2 The Court reviewed all the submissions in
The third group of Defendants in this case is Defendants Joseph Jones, Benjamin Wolf, and
Jones, Wolf& Kapasi LLC.
In this Opinion, Defendants An Marcus, Yitzchak Zelman and Marcus & Zelman LLC’s
motion for sanctions (D.E. 60) will be referred to as “Marcus Sanctions Brf.” Defendants Laura
Mann and the Law Offices of Laura S. Mann’s motion for sanctions (D.E. 63) will be refened to
as “Mann Sanctions Brf.” Plaintiffs’ brief in opposition to the Marcus motion for sanctions
(DE. 61) will be referred to as “P1. Marcus Opp.” Plaintiffs’ brief in opposition to the Mann
Motion for Sanctions (D.E. 66) will be referred to as “P1. Mann Opp.” Defendants An Marcus,
Case 2:17-cv-00390-JMV-JBC Document 28 Filed 01/08/18 Page 2 of 6 PageID: 134
support and in opposition, and considered the motion without oral argument pursuant to Fed. R.
Civ. P. 78(b) and L. Civ. R. 78.1(b).
For the reasons stated below, Defendants’ motions for
sanctions are DENIED.
For the purposes of the pending motions, the Court need not retrace this case’s factual
and procedural history. The Court is an issuing an opinion addressing Defendants’ motions to
dismiss the Amended Complaint, D.E. 39, 49, 50, which includes a more detailed recounting of
the background of this matter. To the extent relevant to these motions, the Court incorporates the
factual and procedural history into this Opinion.
Generally, Plaintiffs, a corporation providing debt collection services, filed a class action
against Defendants, who are New Jersey lawyers and law firms working on Fair Debt Collection
Practices Act (“FDCPA”) cases. Plaintiffs allege that Defendants formed an enterprise pursuant
to The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (“RiCO”) by joining together to
bring sham class action lawsuits against debt collection agencies. Plaintiffs claim that they
became aware of this enterprise after certain Defendants brought a class action, Chapa v. Turner,
No. 2:15-CV-3125 (D.N.J. 2016), against Plaintiffs.
On December 5, 2016, Plaintiffs filed their initial Complaint. D.E. 1. Marcus, Zeirnan,
and Marcus & Zelman LLC filed a motion to dismiss. D.E. 19. Mann and the Law Offices of
Laura S. Mann also filed a motion to dismiss. D.E. 21.
Amended Complaint (“FAC”) on February 6, 2017.
Plaintiffs, in response, filed their
D.E. 29. In their FAC Plaintiffs allege
several counts, including: a federal RICO violation; a federal RICO conspiracy; a New Jersey
Yitzchak Zelman and Marcus & Zelman LLC’s reply brief(D.E. 62) will be referred to as
Case 2:17-cv-00390-JMV-JBC Document 28 Filed 01/08/18 Page 3 of 6 PageID: 135
RICO violation; a New Jersey RICO conspiracy; fraud; negligence; and legal malpractice. In
alleging a federal RICO violation, Plaintiffs claim that Defendants committed several predicate
acts, including wire fraud, obstruction of justice, witness tampering, and extortion. Further, in
alleging a New Jersey RICO violation, Plaintiffs assert that Defendants committed the predicate
acts of theft by extortion, theft by deception, and deceptive business practices.
All Defendants then filed motions to dismiss the Amended Complaint. D.E. 39, 49, 50.
D.E. 56. As noted, these motions are being decided in a
Plaintiffs opposed these motions.
separate opinion. Following the filing of motions to dismiss, the Marcus and Mann Defendants
also filed the current motions for sanctions against Plaintiffs.3
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11 imposes on any party who presents “a pleading,
motion, or other paper.
an affirmative duty to conduct a reasonable inquiry into the facts and
the law before filing, and that the applicable standard is one of reasonableness under the
Chromatic Commc ‘ns
circumstances.” Btts. Guides, Inc.
Inc., 498 U.S. 533, 551
(1991). “[R]easonableness tunder the circumstances is] defined as an objective knowledge or
The Marcus Defendants allege that on January 31, 2017, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 11(c), they served, but did not file, their motion for sanctions on Plaintiffs’ counsel in
compliance with Rule 11 ‘s safe harbor provision. Marcus Sanctions Brf. at 5-6. Likewise, the
Mann Defendants on January 23, 2017 provided Plaintiffs with formal notice that if litigation
continued, they would file a motion for sanctions after the 21 day safe harbor period passed.
Mann Sanctions Brf., Ex. A; D.E. 63. The Mann Defendants motion for sanctions relies on both
its prior filings and the Marcus Defendants’ motion for sanctions. Mann Sanctions Brf. at 2.
Rule 11(b) provides as follows:
[b]y presenting to the court a pleading, written motion, or other
paper whether by signing, filing, submitting, or later advocating
certifies that to the best of the person’s
Case 2:17-cv-00390-JMV-JBC Document 28 Filed 01/08/18 Page 4 of 6 PageID: 136
belief at the time of the filing of a challenged paper that the claim was well-grounded in law and
fact.” ford Motor Co.
Summit Motor Prods., Inc., 930 F.2d 277, 289 (3d Cir. 1991) (citations
and internal quotations omitted). Attorneys are required to conduct a “normally competent level
of legal research to support the[ir] presentation.” Simmerman v. C’orino, 27 f.3d 58, 62 (3d Cir.
If Rule 11(b) is violated, then Rule 11 (c)(4) permits the Court to impose sanctions,
incltiding reasonable attorneys’ fees, expenses, or nonmonetary directives.
sanction “must be limited to what suffices to deter repetition of the [sanctionable] conduct[.]”
Fed. R. Civ. P. 11(c)(4). “Generally, sanctions are prescribed only in the exceptional
circumstance where a claim or motion is patently unmeritorious or frivolous.” ford Ivlotor Co.,
930 f.2d at 289 (internal citations and quotations omitted).
Additionally, “the imposition of
sanctions for a Rule 11 violation is discretionary rather than mandatory.” Grider v. Keystone
Health Plan Cent., Inc., 580 f.3d 119, 146 n.28 (3d Cir. 2009) (citation omitted). In deciding a
Rule 11 motion, “[a]ny doubt
should be resolved in favor of the party charged with the
violation.” Sanders v. Hale fire Pttmp Co., No. 87-2468, 1988 WL 58966, at *1 (E.D. Pa. June
knowledge, information, and belief, formed after an inquiry
reasonable under the circumstances:
(1) it is not being presented for any improper purpose.
(2) the claims, defenses, and other legal contentions are warranted
by existing law or by a nonfrivolous argument for extending,
modifying, or reversing existing law or for establishing new law;
(3) the factual contentions have evidentiary support
Fed. R. Civ. P. 1l(b)(1)-(3).
Case 2:17-cv-00390-JMV-JBC Document 28 Filed 01/08/18 Page 5 of 6 PageID: 137
1, 198$) (citing Eavenson, Auchmuty & Greenwald v. Hottzrnan, 775 F.2d 535, 544 (3d Cir,
Defendants allege that “Plaintiffs’ reckless filing of a baseless complaint, which contains
unfounded and unsupported civil RICO allegations, was done in defiance of the law and
evidences a clear intent to harass and stigmatize Defendants as Mafia-like racketeers.” Marcus
Sanctions Brf. at 2. further, Defendants claim that Plaintiffs’ motive in filing this lawsuit was to
chill Defendants from bringing future FDCPA class actions against debt collectors. Id. at 11.
To that end, Defendants allege that Plaintiffs’ counsel, David Hoffman, included
inappropriate and inflammatory language in the initial Complaint, such as that Marcus &
Zelman, LLC had been running a “mafia style racketeering enterprise,” and the FAC, which led
to negative press coverage. Id. at 13-15. As additional proof of improper motive, Defendants
point out that Barry Sussman, a felon (convicted on several separate occasions)5 and former debt
collector, was “carbon copied on virtually all e-mail communications originating from Hoffman”
and “appeared on a conference call and was introduced as Hoffman’s paralegal.” Id. at 23.
finally, Defendants claim that sanctions are warranted because it was obvious that the FAC’s
claims of fraud, negligence, and legal malpractice could not be proven and, notwithstanding that,
would be barred anyway by the New Jersey Litigation Privilege doctrine. Id. at 26-29.
The numerous factual and legal deficiencies noted in the Court’s motion to dismiss
Opinion come close to providing sufficient evidence for the Court to grant sanctions here.
Plaintiffs’ Amended Complaint contains wholly-unwarranted and inflammatory allegations.
Defendants add that Sussman wrote a “how-to” book on fraud during one of his stints in prison.
Case 2:17-cv-00390-JMV-JBC Document 28 Filed 01/08/18 Page 6 of 6 PageID: 138
Moreover, the language in Plaintiff’s original Complaint contained even more incendiary
language, such as that Defendants were running a mafia style racketeering enterprise. further,
the Court has real concerns over the potential of Barry Sussmann’s involvement in this case. Id.
at 23-26. The Court’s concern arises from Defendants’ allegations that Mr. Sussrnan, among
other things, has been convicted of felonies, including fraud, on multiple occasions and subject
to a temporary restraining order sought by the Federal Trade Commission in 2003 for a
nationwide extortion scheme tied to debt collection, if Mr. Sussrnan is involved in this case, the
Court cannot fathom the reason why.
Nevertheless, the Court will exercise its discretion and not impose Rule 11 sanctions.
Although, the Court, as noted in the Opinion addressing Defendants’ motions to dismiss, has real
concerns that any attempted amendment to the FAC will be futile, it nevertheless granted
Plaintiffs the opportunity to do so. If Plaintiffs choose to file a Second Amended Complaint,
nothing in this Opinion prohibits Defendants from making a new motion for Rule 11 sanctions if
they believe that it is warranted.
Therefore, for the reasons discussed above, the Court DENIES Defendants’ motions for
sanctions (D.E. 60, 63) without prejudice. An appropriate Order accompanies this Opinion.
Dated: January 8, 2018
John Michael Vazqu& U.’S.D.J.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?