AMERISOURCEBERGEN DRUG CORPORATION v. Zambri
OPINION. Signed by Judge John Michael Vazquez on 4/17/17. (cm, )
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No. 16-9464
JAMES F. ZAMBRI,
John Michael Vazguez, U.S.D.J.
This matter comes before the Court on Plaintiff AmerisourceBergen Drug Corporation’s
(“ABDC” or “Plaintiff’) unopposed motion for default judgment against Defendant James F.
Zambri (“Zambri” or “Defendant”) pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b). D.E. 8. The Court reviewed
all submissions made in support of the motion, and considered the motion without oral argument
pursuant to L. Civ. R. 78.1(b). For the reasons that follow, Plaintiffs motion is granted.
FACTS’ AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
Plaintiff is a supplier of medical and pharmaceutical products. Complaint (“Compl.”)
Defendant Zambri is the president and sole shareholder of JVJ Phanriacy, Inc. (“JVJ”). Id.
‘The facts of this matter derive from the Complaint as well as the affidavits and exhibits submitted
in conjunction with Plaintiffs motion for default judgment. D.E. 8. Additionally, the Court
requested supporting documentation for the principal amount requested in Plaintiffs motion. D.E.
9. In response, Plaintiff filed additional exhibits that support the amount requested. D.E. 10.
On or about December 15, 2010, Zambri, on behalf of JVJ, entered into a vendor agreement (the
“Agreement”) with ABDC. Id.
The Agreement, which was for five years, provided that JVJ
would purchase no less than 95% of all its prescription products from ABDC in return for a
discounted rate. Id. Ex. A. The Agreement also stated that the outstanding balance for any late
payments would be subject to an 18% interest rate or the maximum rate permitted by law. Id.
On December 13, 2010, Zambri entered into a guaranty agreement (the “Guaranty”), personally
guaranteeing ABDC full payment regarding JVJ. Id. ¶6; Id. Ex. B.
Plaintiff alleges that, “[i]n reliance on the Agreement and the Guaranty
pharmaceuticals to JVJ on open account and issued invoices to JVJ for the pharniaceuticals.” Id.
Subsequently, JVJ defaulted on its obligations to ABDC by failing to pay for the
phannaceuticals as required. Id.
bankruptcy under 11 U.S.C.
8. On November 3, 2011, JVJ filed a voluntary petition in
101 in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District
of New York (the “Bankruptcy Court”). Id.
11. On August 6, 2013, the Bankruptcy Court
confirmed JVJ’s plan of reorganization, in which JVJ agreed to pay the amounts due to ABDC in
periodic installments with 6% interest per annum. Id.
ABDC continued to supply pharmaceuticals to JVJ. Id.
13. Then, on March 3, 2016,
JVJ filed another voluntary petition in bankruptcy under 11 U.S.C.
15. As of that
date, JVJ still owed ABDC $340,793.86 from the previous bankruptcy claim (“Debt I”). Id.
Additionally, as of December 21, 2016, JVJ owed ABDC $973,506.69 for pharmaceuticals
supplied from January 10, 2016 to March 3, 2016 (“Debt II”). Id.
14. Zambri has failed to pay
JVJ’s outstanding balance to ABDC despite ABDC’s written demand dated February 24, 2016.
The bankruptcy case was pending as of December 21, 2016. Id.
Plaintiff alleges that as of December 21, 2016, JVJ owes a total amount of $1,314,200.55
On December 23, 2016, ABDC filed a two-count complaint against Zambri, seeking
payment of JVJ’s outstanding balance to ABDC, attorney’s fees, costs, and other charges permitted
under the Agreement. Id. Afler being served with the complaint, Zambri failed to answer, move,
or otherwise respond. On February 22, 2017, default was entered against Zambri.
D.E. 6. On
March 10, 2017, ABDC filed this motion for a default judgment. D.E. 8.
III. LAW AND ANALYSIS
A. Standard of Review
“Once a party has defaulted, the consequence is that ‘the factual allegations of the
complaint, except those relating to the amount of damages, will be taken as true.” Teamsters
Pension Fund of Phi/a. & Vicinity v. Am. He/per, Inc., No. 11-624, 2011 WL 4729023, at *2
(D.N.J. Oct. 5, 2011) (quoting DIRECTV, Inc. v. Pepe, 431 F.3d 162, 165 n.6 (3d Cir. 2005)).
“The entry of a default judgment is largely a matter of judicial discretion, although the Third
Circuit has emphasized that such ‘discretion is not without limits, however, and [has] repeatedly
statetd] [its] preference that cases be disposed of on the merits whenever practicable.” Chanel,
Inc. v. Gordashevsky, 558 F. Supp. 2d 532, 535 (D.N.J. 2008) (quoting Hritz v. Woma Corp., 732
F.2d 1178, 1181 (3dCir. 1984)).
Prior to entering a default judgment, the court is required to: “(1) determine it has
jurisdiction both over the subject matter and parties; (2) determine whether defendants have been
properly served; (3) analyze the Complaint to determine whether it sufficiently pleads a cause of
action; and (4) determine whether the plaintiff has proved damages.” Moroccanoil, Inc. v. JMG
Freight Grp. LLC, No. 14-5608, 2015 WL 6673839, at *1 (D.N.J. Oct. 30, 2015). Additionally,
the Court must consider the following three factors: “(1) prejudice to the plaintiff if default is
denied, (2) whether the defendant appears to have a litigable defense, and (3) whether defendant’s
delay is due to culpable conduct.” Chamberlain v. Giampapa, 210 F.3d 154, 164 (3d Cir. 2000);
see also Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co. v. Starlight Ballroom Dance Club, Inc., 175 F. App’x 519, 522
(3d Cir. 2006).
B. Jurisdiction and Service
“Before entering a default judgment as to a party ‘that has not filed responsive pleadings,
the district court has an affirmative duty to look into its jurisdiction both over the subject matter
and the parties.” HICA Educ. Loan Corp.
Surikov, No. 14-1045, 2015 WL 273656, at *2
(D.N.J. Jan.22, 2015) (quoting Ramada Worldwide, Inc. v. Benton Harbor Han Ohm, L.L.C., No.
08—3452, 2008 WL 2967067, at *9 (D.N.J. July 31, 2008)).
i. Subject Matter Jurisdiction
To establish diversity jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 1332(a), “the party asserting
jurisdiction must show that there is complete diversity of citizenship among the parties” as well as
an amount in controversy that exceeds the statutory threshold. Schneller ex rel Schneller v. Crozer
Chester Med. Ctr., 387 Fed. App’x 289, 292 (3d Cir. 2010).
Here, Plaintiff is a Delaware
corporation with its principal place of business in Pennsylvania. Cornpl.
is a citizen of both Delaware and Pennsylvania. S. Freedman & Co.
¶ 1. Therefore, Plaintiff
Raab, 180 F. App’x 316,
320 (3d Cir. 2006) (“[F]or purposes of diversity jurisdiction, a corporation is a citizen of both the
state of its incorporation and the state in which it has its principal place of business.”). The
Complaint indicates that Zambri is a citizen and resident of New Jersey. Id.
are alleged in excess of $75,000. Id.
¶J 2, 19. Damages
¶ 18, 19. Accordingly, the Court has diversity jurisdiction
because Plaintiff and Defendant are citizens of different states and the amount in controversy
exceeds the statutory threshold.
ii. Personal Jurisdiction
As to this inquiry, the Court must consider whether it possesses personal jurisdiction over
Defendant, an individual who resides in and is a citizen of New Jersey. Compl.
individuaPs domicile, or home, constitutes the paradigmatic forum for the exercise of general
jurisdiction.” Chanet, Inc. v. Matos, 133 F. Supp. 3d 678, 684 (D.N.J. 2015) (internal quotation
marks omitted). Here, Plaintiff alleges that Zambri is a resident and citizen of New Jersey. Id.
2, 19. Therefore, New Jersey is his “home,” and this Court has personal jurisdiction over Zambri.
iii. Sufficiency of Proof of Service
“Before the Court can enter default judgment, it must find that process was properly served
on the Defendant.” Teamsters Pension fund ofPhi/a., 2011 WL 4729023, at *2 (citing Gold Kist,
Inc. v. Lattrinburg Oil Co., Inc., 756 F.2d 14, 19 (3d Cir. 1985)). Zambri, an individual, may be
served by “delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to [him] personally.” Id. at
4(e)(2)(A). Zambri was personally served with the Summons and Complaint. Thus, the Court
finds that Zambri was properly served.
C. Sufficiency of Causes of Action and Damages
Plaintiff alleges causes of action for breach of contract, and in the alternative, for unjust
enrichment. Compi. ¶J 2 1-28. “To establish a breach of contract claim, a plaintiff has the burden
to show that the parties entered into a valid contract, that the defendant failed to perform his
Since the Court finds that Plaintiff has adequately pled its breach of contract claim, it will not
address the claim for unjust enrichment.
obligations under the contract and that the plaintiff sustained damages as a result.” Murphy v.
Implicito, 392 N.J. Super. 245, 265 (App. Div. 2007).
Here, Plaintiff adequately pleads the elements of breach of contract. Plaintiff pleads (1)
the existence of a valid contract, the Guaranty, between Plaintiff and Defendant, (2) that Defendant
breached the Guaranty by failing to pay ABDC for JVJ’s liabilities pursuant to the Agreement,
and (3) that Plaintiff was harmed by Defendant’s breach through nonpayment of the amount JVJ
defaulted, along with interest, and attorneys’ fees and costs.4 Plaintiff also adequately pled that it
was in compliance with the Agreement.
Plaintiff alleges that it continued to supply
pharmaceuticals to JVJ despite its breach. Compl.
13. Additionally, Plaintiff has adequately
submitted proof of damages through an affidavit and exhibits demonstrating that $356,761.27 is
owed for Debt I ($336,256.10 in principal and $20,505.17 in interest) and $947,583.79 is owed for
Debt II ($912,441.13 in principal and $35,097.66 in interest), totaling $1,304,300.06. D.E. 8; D.E.
10 Ex. D (invoices showing that $336,256.10 in principal remains on Debt I); Id. Ex. E (invoices
demonstrating the 5973,506.69 owed on Debt II prior to the onset of this litigation)5; see also
Moroccanoil, 2015 WL 6673839, at *2 (“Although the facts pled in the Complaint are accepted as
true for the purpose of determining liability, the plaintiff must prove damages.”). Accordingly,
Plaintiff has sufficiently alleged a cause of action for breach of contract establishing Defendant’s
liability and damages owed for purposes of this default judgment motion.
D. Default Judgment
The complaint also seeks damages for “attorneys’ fees and costs,” however, it does not appear
that Plaintiff seeks those amounts in its motion for default judgment. See D.E. I ¶J 23, 28.
After Plaintiff filed its Complaint in this matter, Defendant made partial payments to Plaintiff in
the amount of $61,065.56. D.E. 8, at 3.
“Before imposing the extreme sanction of default judgment, district courts must make
explicit factual findings as to (1) whether the party subject to default has a meritorious defense,
(2) the prejudice suffered by the party seeking default, and (3) the culpability of the party subject
to default.” Teamsters Pension fund of Phita., 2011 WE 4729023, at *4 (quoting Doug Brady,
Inc. v. Ni Bldg. Laborers Statewide funds, 250 F.R.D. 171, 177 (D.N.J. 200$)).
Here, all three factors weigh in favor of entering default judgment. First, considering that
Defendant has not responded in this matter, “Defendant has put forth no evidence or facts
containing any infonnation that could provide the basis for a meritorious defense.” HICA Ethtc.
Loan Corp., 2015 WE 273656, at *3 Additionally, there is nothing on the face of the complaint
indicating that a meritorious defense is available. Zambri executed the Guaranty and subsequently
failed to perform under the tenns of that agreement. Second, Plaintiff has been prejudiced by
Defendant’s failure to answer. Without a default judgment, “Plaintiff has no other means of
seeking damages for the harm allegedly caused by Defendant.” Gowan v. Cont’l Airlines, Inc.,
No. 10-1858, 2012 WE 2838924, at *2 (D.N.J. July 9, 2012). Lastly, Defendant’s failure to
answer, without providing any reasonable explanation, demonstrates his culpability in the default.
See Days Inns Worldwide, Inc. v. Mangitr LLC, No. 15-2027, 2016
845141, at *4 (D.N.J. Mar.
For those reasons, the Court finds that default judgment is warranted.
Plaintiff seeks two forms of compensation, totaling $1,304,300.06. D.E. 8 at 2. That
amount consists of $1,248,697.23 in principal ($336,256.10 from Debt I and $912,441.13 from
Debt II) plus $55,602.83 in interest ($20,505.17 from Debt I and $35,097.66 from Debt II). See
D.E. 8, at 3; D.E. 10 Ex. D & Ex E.
The principal amount is made up of all debts and liabilities that were due to Plaintiff
pursuant to the Guaranty, which have been itemized and submitted in support of Plaintiff s motion.
D.E. 10 Ex. D & Ex. I. These invoices show that between May 12, 2011 and August 10, 2011,
JVJ purchased $336,256.10 worth of pharmaceuticals from Plaintiff
D.E. 10 Ex. D.
Subsequently. JVJ filed a voluntary petition for bankruptcy which concluded in a plan of
reorganization. While the Agreement provides for an interest of 18% or the maximum rate
pennitted by law, D.E. 1 Ex. 3
rate on Debt Ito ABDC.
¶ 2.6, the plan of reorganization required JVJ to pay a 6% interest
Subsequently, from February 10, 2016 through September 28, 2016,
JVJ purchased another $973,506.69 worth of pharmaceuticals from ABDC.
D.E. 10 Ex. E.
However, after Plaintiff filed this Complaint, Defendant paid $61,065.56 of Debt II to Plaintiff,
leaving Debt II at a balance of $912,441.13. Plaintiff therefore requests Debt I, at a 6% interest
rate (pursuant to the plan of reorganization) and Debt II at an 18% interest rate (pursuant to the
Thus, Defendant owes $1,248,697.23 in principal and $55,602.83 in interest. Defendant
has not appeared in this matter, and as a result, there is no evidence before the Court to contest the
accuracy of the damages, which have been supported by documentation, sought by Plaintiff
Accordingly, Plaintiff is entitled to $1,304,300.06 in damages.
For the reasons set forth above, Plaintiffs motion for a default judgment is granted. An
appropriate Order accompanies this Opinion.
Dated: April 17, 2017.
John Michael Vazquez, uf.q.
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