YIADOM v. RODRIGUEZ
OPINION. Signed by Chief Judge Jose L. Linares on 7/12/17. (cm, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No. 17-242 (JLL)
MICHAEL BOACHIE YIADOM,
LINARES, Chief District Judge:
Presently before the Court is the petition for a writ of habeas corpus of Petitioner, Michael
Boachie Yiadom. filed pursuant to 2$ U.S.C.
§ 2241. (ECF No. 1). Following an order to answer,
the Government filed a response to the petition (ECF No. 11), to which Petitioner replied. (ECF
No. 12). The Government thereafler filed a supplemental letter update. (ECF No. 15). For the
following reasons, this Court will dismiss the petition without prejudice as premature.
Petitioner, Michael Boachie Yiadorn, is a citizen of Ghana who arrived at the United States
border at San Ysidro, California on February 19, 2016, where he applied for admission to the
United States. (ECF No. 1 at 3). Because Petitioner was found to not be entitled to enter the
United States, he was taken into immigration custody at that time without being admitted and was
placed in removal proceedings. (Id.; ECF No. 15 at 1; Document 2 attached to ECF No. 15 at 1).
On November 7, 2016, an immigration judge denied Petitioner’s various applications for relief
from removal, and ordered Petitioner removed.
(Document 2 attached to ECF No. 15 at 2).
Petitioner filed an appeal, but the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissed his appeal on
filed a petition for
March 31, 2017. (Document I attached to ECF No. 15). Petitioner has not
review with the Court of Appeals. (ECF No. 15 at 2).
A. Legal Standard
Under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2241(c), habeas relief may be extended to a prisoner when he
” 28 U.S.C.
custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States.
ner is “in custody”
2241(c)(3). A federal court has jurisdiction over such a petition if the petitio
treaties of the United
and the custody is allegedly “in violation of the Constitution or laws or
tly detained within
States.” Id.; Maleng v. C’ook, 490 U.S. 488, 490 (1989). As Petitioner is curren
asserts that his
this Court’s jurisdiction, by a custodian within the Court’s jurisdiction, and
claims. Spencer v.
continued detention violates due process, this Court has jurisdiction over his
484, 494-95, 500
Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 7 (1998); Braden v. 30th Judicial Circuit Court, 410 U.S.
(1973); see also Zadvydas v. Davis, 533 U.S. 678, 699 (2001).
In his habeas petition, Petitioner contends that his continued immigration detenti
statutory basis for
Due Process. In order to address that claim, this Court must first determine the
his detention. While it appears that Petitioner was originally held pursua to
ion prior to the entry
which governs the detention of aliens who are deemed applicants for admiss
al his detention is
of a final order of removal, once an alien is subject to a final order of remov
instead governed by 8 U.S.C.
§ 123 1(a). Because Petitioner’s appeal was dismissed by the
now subject to an
and Petitioner did not seek further review or a stay of removal, he is
administratively final order of removal. Petitioner’s current detention is therefore controlled by $
§ 1231(a)ratherthan 1225. See 8U.S.C. § 1231(a)(1)(B).
Because Petitioner is subject to an administratively final order of removal, the propriety of
his detention is controlled by the Supreme Court’s decision in Zadvydas. In Zadvydas, the Court
§ 1231(a) requires the Government to detain all aliens subject to administratively
final orders of removal during a ninety day statutory removal period. 501 U.S. at 683. The Court
further held that the statute permits the Government to detain aliens beyond that ninety day period
so long as their detention remains “reasonably necessary” to effectuate their removal. Id. at 689,
699. Based on these observations, the Court in turn determined that an alien may be detained
§ 123 1(a) for a period of up to six months following his final order of removal during which
his continued detention must be presumed to be reasonable and therefore not violative of Due
Process. Id. at 701. Thus, where a removable alien has been detained under
§ 123 1(a) for less
than six months following the entry of his final order of removal, his challenge must be dismissed
as premature. Id.
In this matter, Petitioner received a final order of removal when the BIA dismissed his
appeal on March 31, 2017. Since that time, fewer than six months have passed, and Petitioner’s
post-final order of removal detention has yet to exceed the six month presumptively reasonable
period established by Zadvydas. As such, Petitioner’s current petition is premature and must be
dismissed as a result.
For the reasons expressed above, this Court will dismiss Petitioner’s petition for a writ of
habeas corpus (ECf No. 1) without prejudice as premature. An appropriate order follows.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Judge
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