SINGH v. GREENE
OPINION. Signed by Judge John Michael Vazquez on 8/22/17. (DD, ) N/M
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No. 17-2244 (JMV)
Essex County Correction Facility, 2E4-312 DOWN
354 Doremus Ave.
Newark, NJ 07105
Petitioner, pro se
DAVID V. SIMUNOVICH
Office of the U.S. Attorney
District of New Jersey
970 Broad Street, Suite 700
Newark, NJ 01701
On behalf of Respondent.
VAZQUEZ, United States District Judge
Petitioner filed a Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 on April
4, 2017, alleging violation of his right to due process based on his detention in the custody of
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) since May 4, 2016.
(ECF No. 1 at 2.)
Respondent filed an answer to the habeas petition. (ECF No. 4.) Petitioner received a bond
redetermination hearing on March 1, 2017, which the immigration judge (“IJ”) denied because he
found Petitioner is a danger to the community and a flight risk. (ECF No. 4-3 at 6.) In the
meantime, an immigration judge (“IJ”) denied Petitioner’s request for asylum and withholding of
removal, and ordered Petitioner removed to India. (Id. at 8-9.) Petitioner appealed to the Board
of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”). (Id. at 8.) Respondent argues the petition should be dismissed
because Plaintiff has received the due process he is entitled to, specifically, a bond hearing. (ECF
No. 4 at 2.)
Petitioner is a native and citizen of India. (ECF No. 4-2, at 2.) On August 20, 2015, he
entered the United States without permission and was detained by the U.S. Board Patrol in Texas.
(Id. at 3.)
The Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) issued a Notice to Appear on
September 30, 2015, charging Petitioner as an inadmissible alien. (ECF No. 4-2 at 7-8.) On
October 27, 2015, Petitioner was released on bond. (Id. at 10.)
Then, on May 4, 2016, Petitioner was arrested in Andover, New Jersey and charged with
criminal sexual conduct. (Id. at 3-4.) On the day of his arrest, Petitioner was detained by ICE.
(Id. at 3.) On November 16, 2016, Petitioner was turned over to the custody of Sussex County
Sheriff’s Office on the outstanding criminal charges. Id. On January 30, 2017, Petitioner pled
guilty to harassment under N.J.S.A. § 2C:33-4B and was sentenced to 75 days in jail, with credit
for time served. (Id. at 13.) The following day, DHS took Petitioner back into custody pursuant to
8 U.S.C. § 1226(a) [INA § 236(a)]. (ECF No. 4-3 at 1.) Petitioner requested a bond hearing and,
on March 1, 2017, an IJ denied Petitioner’s request for bond, finding that he was both a danger to
the community and a flight risk. (ECF No. 4-3 at 4, 6.)
Petitioner contends that he is entitled to a bond hearing under the Due Process clause,
pursuant to Chavez-Alvarez v. Warden York Cnty Prison, 783 F.3d 469, 477 (3d Cir. 2015). (ECF
No. 1 at 2-5.) Respondent submits that Petitioner is detained under 8 U.S.C. § 1226(a), he has
received a bond hearing, and he is entitled to no further relief. (ECF No. 4 at 2.)
In Diop v. ICE/Homeland Sec., the Third Circuit held that 8 U.S.C. § 1226(c) “‘implicitly
authorizes detention for a reasonable amount of time, after which the authorities must make an
individualized inquiry into whether detention is still necessary to fulfill the statute's purposes of
ensuring that an alien attends removal proceedings and that his release will not pose a danger to
the community.’” Chavez-Alvarez, 783 F.3d at 474-75 (quoting Diop, 656 F.3d 221, 231 (3d Cir.
2011). In Chavez-Alvarez, the Third Circuit held that “beginning sometime after the six-month
timeframe . . . and certainly by the time [the petitioner] had been detained for one year, the burdens
to [the petitioner’s] liberties outweighed any justification for using presumptions to detain him
without bond to further the goals of the statute.” Id. at 478. There, the petitioner was under
mandatory detention pursuant to § 1226(c), neither of the parties were acting in bad faith in the
immigration proceedings, and the petitioner had been detained for more than ten months without
a bond hearing. Id. at 472, 476.
Here, Petitioner is not under mandatory detention pursuant to § 1226(c). Petitioner is
detained pursuant to § 1226(a). 8 U.S.C. § 1226(a) provides:
(a) Arrest, detention, and release
On a warrant issued by the Attorney General, an alien may be
arrested and detained pending a decision on whether the alien is to
be removed from the United States. Except as provided in
subsection (c) and pending such decision, the Attorney General—
(1) may continue to detain the arrested alien; and
(2) may release the alien on-(A) bond of at least $1,500 with security approved by, and
containing conditions prescribed by, the Attorney General; or
(B) conditional parole . . .
[a]liens detained pursuant to § 1226(a) may be released if they
demonstrate they would not pose a danger to property or persons
and they are likely to appear for any future proceedings. 8 C.F.R. §
236.1(c)(8). The alien may request a bond redetermination hearing
before an IJ. 8 C.F.R. § 236.1(d)(1). An IJ may grant an alien's
request for bond redetermination where the alien has shown that his
“circumstances have changed materially since the prior bond
redetermination.” 8 C.F.R. § 1003.19(e). The alien may appeal the
IJ's bond decision to the BIA. 8 C.F.R. § 236.1(d)(3).
Contant v. Holder, 352 F. App’x 692, 695 (3d Cir. 2009).
Petitioner was provided a bond redetermination hearing on March 17, 2017. (ECF No. 43 at 6.) Petitioner’s recourse for continued detention under § 1226(a) is to appeal the IJ’s custody
decision to the BIA or request a bond redetermination. For these reasons, Petitioner has not been
deprived of due process under the Fifth Amendment. See Contant, 352 F. App’x at 695 (holding
that petitioner’s right to due process regarding his detention under 8 U.S.C. § 1226(a) pending
removal proceedings was satisfied by the individualized detention determinations provided under
8 C.F.R. §§ 236.1(c)(8); 236.1(d)(1) and 1003.19(e)).
For the reasons discussed above, the Court denies Petitioner’s petition for writ of habeas
corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241.
An appropriate Order follows.
Date: August 22, 2017
At Newark, New Jersey
s/ John Michael Vazquez
JOHN MICHAEL VAZQUEZ
United States District Judge
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