LAMPON-PAZ v. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE et al
OPINION and ORDER, that the Plaintiff's "emergency" request for injunction (ECF No. 1) is Denied, etc. Signed by Judge Kevin McNulty on 9/12/2017. (JB, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civ. No. 17-6395 (KM) (JBC)
OPINION and ORDER
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE,
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND
KEVIN MCNULTY. U.S.D.J.:
The pro se plaintiff, Manuel Lampon-Paz, has filed a complaint and
“emergency request for injunction” (ECF no.1) against the United States
Department of Justice and Department of Homeland Security. The filing was
not accompanied by a filing fee; simultaneously herewith, I am signing an order
granting the plaintiff infonna paupeHs status. A summons has not yet issued,
however, and the defendants have not yet answered the complaint.
The complaint alleges that “[t]he defendants have refused to let my
product pass through customs.” Mr. Lampon-Paz alleges that he has ordered
medications online from a Mexican pharmacy website. He states that he will
refer to these medications as “product” because “I don’t have a prescription for
them.” He says he needs them for ailments such as “a broken back,
fibromyalgia, joint and muscle pain.”
The complaint attaches invoices and an email from the Mexican website
confirming that the items were ordered and stating that they were shipped as
of July 27, 2017.
The products ordered are
Supratest 400 (testosterone enthanate & cipionate)
AndroTest 250 mg 10 ml (4/testosterone esters)
IGF-1 LR3 l200mcg
The complaint cites 18 U.S.C.
242 (deprivation of rights under color of
law). That is a criminal statute, which does not contain a private right of
action; rather than dismiss the claim, I xviii assume that this pro se plaintiff
intended to cite section 242’s civil analogue, 18 U.S.C.
1983, or to assert a
Bivens claim.’ “Invasion of privacy” may be intended as a constitutional or
ordinary tort claim.
The plaintiff alleges that
is my belief that the defendants’ actions are
partially due to my civil lawsuits in different matters.”2 He demands “that the
defendants release my medications and let them be delivered immediately and
that future shipments not be stopped.”
I interpret the “emergency request” as an application for a temporary
restraining order, or possibly a preliminary injunction. An injunction pendente
lite requires that a plaintiff demonstrate that (1) he is likely to succeed on the
merits; (2) denial will result in irreparable harm to the plaintiff; (3) granting the
injunction will not result in irreparable harm to the defendant; and (4) granting
Prose pleadings are liberally construed. See Haines a Kemer, 404 U.S. 519
A search of the electronic filing system reveals that Mr. Lampon-Paz has filed
nine prior actions in this court, all but one of them against federal agencies:
12-cv-04485-WJM-MF LAMPON-PAZ et al u. DEPT. OF HOMELAND SECURITY
I 3-cv-05757-WJM-MF LAMPON-PAZ
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY
I 5-cv-05594-KM-MAH LAMPON-PAZ
LAMPON-PAZ v. OFFICE OF PERSONNEL IVIANAGEMENT
LAMPON-PAZ a COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY
1 6-cu-08650-KM-MAH LAMPON-PAZ v. OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
I 6-cv-09071 -KM-JBC
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
I 6-cu-0953 7-KM
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY
1 7-cv-02044-KM-MAH LAMPON-PAZ
DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY
the injunction is in the public interest. See Maldonado v. Houston, 157 F.3d
179, 184 (3d Cir. 1988) (preliminary injunction); Ballas v. Tedesco, 41 F. Supp.
2d 531, 537 (D.N.J. 1999) (same factors apply to a temporary restraining
The plaintiffs application does not address these factors, nor does it
contain a sworn declaration as to the underlying facts. I overlook these
procedural defects and discuss the relevant factors.
Likelihood of success.
§ 1983 claim requires proof of first, the violation of a right secured by
the Constitution or laws of the United States, and second, that the alleged
deprivation was committed or caused by a person acting under color of state
law. See Harvey v. Plains Twp. Police Dep’t, 635 F.3d 606, 609 (3d Cir. 2011)
(citations omitted); see also West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). No
representative of a State is implicated by these allegations.
A Bivens constitutional tort claim against agents of the United States
may have been intended. See Bivens v. Six Unknown Federal Narcotics Agents,
403 U.S. 388, 91 5. Ct. 1999 (1971). The Complaint refers to “privacy.” The
theory presumably would be that the Customs officials searched or seized a
package in violation of the Fourth Amendment. The U.S. Customs authorities
have broad authority to inspect packages crossing the border without a
warrant or a showing of probable cause. United States v. Glasser, 750 F.2d
1197, 1203 (3d Cir. 1984); see also United States v. Ramsey, 531 U.S. 606
(1977). No constitutional “privacy” violation is apparent.3
Invasion of privacy might be viewed as a state-law tort. The state tort may
encompass various forms of conduct. In general, “[ojne who intentionally intrudes,
physically or otherwise, upon the solitude or seclusion of another or his private affairs
or concerns, is subject to liability to the other for invasion of his privacy, if the
intrusion would be highly offensive to a reasonable person.” Bisbee v. John C. Conover
Agency, Inc., 186 N.J. Super. 335, 339, 452 A.2d 689, 691 (App. Div. 1982) (quoting
Restatement of Torts 2d § 6523 at 378 (1977)). No facts are alleged that would
reasonably establish that the government violated any recognized privacy right here.
Alternatively, the Complaint might be liberally construed as a tort claim
against the United States under the Federal Tort Claims Act (“fl’CA”). See 28
§ 1346(b), subject to the exceptions of 28 U.S.C. § 2680(c). The VItA,
however, confers district court jurisdiction over an action “for money damages”;
this action, and certainly this application, seeks injunctive relief, which is not
available under the VItA. See Michtaui v. United States, 345 F. App’x 727, 730
(3d Cir. 2009) (citing Hatahley v. United States, 351 U.S. 173, 182 (1956)); CNA
v. United States, 535 F.3d 132, 141 (3d Cir. 2008), as amended (Sept. 29,
2008)(a claim under the VItA must be for money damages).
Setting aside the threshold issue of finding an appropriate cause of
action, I briefly consider the factual allegations. The plaintiff has placed an
online order to a Mexican pharmacy; the package has not arrived. There is no
factual showing that agents of the government—as opposed to, say, the
negligent or fraudulent behavior of someone else—are to blame. Nor is there
any showing that the government’s interdiction of such a shipment—assuming
it occurred—would not be legally proper. Finally, there is no evidence at all that
anyone interfered with a shipment in retaliation for the plaintiffs many
The plaintiff alleges that he orders these drugs from an online Mexican
pharmacy “due to the better quality and cheaper expense.”
As to superior quality, there is no showing whatever.
That leaves the claim that the Mexican drugs are cheaper than their
domestic counterparts. To require an injunction, the “feared injury or harm
must be irreparable—not merely serious or substantial,” and it “must be of a
peculiar nature, so that compensation in money cannot atone for it.” See
Campbell Soup Co.
ConAgra, Inc., 977 F.2d 86, 9 1—92 (3d Cir. 1992). The
claim that plaintiff will lose the benefit of discounted pricing is quintessentially
one that can be redressed in damages. As for the loss of the shipment itself, the
damages are easily quantifiable: the invoice is in the amount of $635.00.
Nor is there any showing of medical necessity. The plaintiff ordered
Supratest 400 (testosterone enthanate & cipionate); AndroTest 250 mg 10 ml
(4/testosterone esters) and IGF-1 LR3 l200mcg. Such drugs are commonly
used by bodybuilders. The plaintiff states, however, that he needs them to treat
a broken back, fibromyalgia, joint and muscle pain. There is no evidence that
any medical professional has ever prescribed such drugs; indeed, the plaintiff
admits that he has no prescription for them, and does not allege that he has
even tried to obtain one in the U.S. His self-prescription of these medications is
an inadequate basis for a conclusion that they are medically necessary.
Evidence of irreparable harm is lacking.
Harm to defendant, public interest
Because there is no sufficient showing as to factors 1 and 2, and lacking
an adversary presentation of the issues, I do not discuss factors 3 and 4. I
note, however, that plaintiff has placed the government on notice that “the
products will be used and distributed as the plaintiff sees fit.” (Letter, ECF no.
3) Distribution, of course, might pose a host of legal and public interest issues,
which I do not explore here.
For the reasons set forth above,
IT IS this 12th day of September, 2017
ORDERED that the plaintiff’s “emergency request for injunction” (ECF
no.1) is DENIED.
United States District Jud
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