COSMETIC WARRIORS LIMITED v. G LUSH SALON LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY
ORDER/JUDGMENT granting 8 Motion for Default Judgment; that Defendant is hereby PERMANENTLY ENJOINED from any future act that uses Cosmetic Warriors LUSH trademark; that Plaintiffs request for costs and attorneys fees is DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE. ***CIVIL CASE TERMINATED Signed by Judge William J. Martini on 4/16/18. (DD, )
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civ. No. 2:18-184 (WJM)
COSMETIC WARRIORS LTD.,
ORDER & JUDGMENT
G’LUSH SALON LLC,
THIS MATTER comes before the Court by Plaintiff Cosmetic Warriors Limited’s
motion for a default judgment against Defendant G’Lush Salon LLC under Federal Rule
of Civil Procedure 55(b)(2). Plaintiff commenced this action on January 5, 2018. ECF No.
1. Four days later, Plaintiff served the Complaint on Defendant. ECF No. 5. The time to
answer or otherwise respond to the Complaint has expired. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(a).
To date, Defendant has failed to answer or otherwise respond to the Complaint. Under
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(a), the Clerk entered Default against Defendant on
March 14, 2018. ECF No. 7. Plaintiff then filed this motion for default judgment on March
20, 2018, and served Defendant with notice of the motion. ECF No. 8. No opposition has
“Three factors control whether a default judgment should be granted: (1) prejudice to
the plaintiff if default is denied, (2) whether the defendant appears to have a litigable
defense, and (3) whether defendant’s delay is due to culpable conduct.” Chamberlain v.
Giampapa, 210 F.3d 154, 164 (3d Cir. 2000) (citation omitted). “Where a court enters a
default judgment, the factual allegations of the complaint, except those relating to the
amount of damages, will be taken as true.” DIRECTV, Inc. v. Pepe, 431 F.3d 162, 165 n.6
(3d Cir. 2005) (quoting Comdyne I, Inc. v. Corbin, 908 F.2d 1142, 1149 (3d Cir. 1990)).
The Court finds the facts set forth in the Complaint, the motion, and the attached
exhibits merit entry of a default judgment. First, Plaintiff has been prejudiced by
Defendant’s failure to answer because Plaintiff has incurred additional costs, has been
unable to move forward with the case, and has been delayed in receiving relief. See Malik
v. Hannah, 661 F. Supp. 2d 485, 490–91 (D.N.J. 2009). Second, there lacks a basis for
Defendant to claim a meritorious defense, as Plaintiff provided ample evidence that
Defendant directly infringed Plaintiff’s registered LUSH trademarks. See Chanel, Inc. v.
Matos, 133 F. Supp. 3d 678, 686–87 (D.N.J. 2015). Third, where, as here, Defendant has
failed to respond, there is a presumption of culpability. Id. at 687 (citation omitted).
“A permanent injunction issues to a party after winning on the merits and is ordinarily
granted upon a finding of trademark infringement.” Lermer Germany GmbH v. Lermer
Corp., 94 F.3d 1575, 1577 (Fed. Cir. 1996) (citation omitted). The Lanham Act vests courts
with the power to provide permanent injunctive relief, 15 U.S.C. § 1116(a), and courts in
the Third Circuit award such relief for default judgments in trademark actions. See, e.g.,
E.A. Sween Co., Inc. v. Deli Exp. of Tenafly, LLC, 19 F. Supp. 3d 560, 576–78 (D.N.J.
2014) (granting permanent injunction that enjoined defendants from infringing on
plaintiffs’ trademarks when defendant’s only hardship was to stop its unlawful conduct and
it served the public interest to have “a truthful and accurate marketplace”); Chanel, Inc.,
133 F. Supp. 3d at 689–90 (granting permanent injunction on default judgment of
trademark infringement claims when defendant’s use of plaintiff’s marks created consumer
confusion and it furthered the public interest to protect registered trademarks).
Plaintiff seeks $17,930.73 in attorneys’ fees and costs of the action. The Lanham Act
grants a court discretion to award costs and attorneys’ fees to the prevailing party in
“exceptional cases” brought under the Act. 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a). The Third Circuit has
defined “exceptional cases” to ones when “(a) there is an unusual discrepancy in the merits
of the positions taken by the parties or (b) the losing party has litigated the case in an
unreasonable manner.” Fair Wind Sailing, Inc. v. Dempster, 764 F.3d 303, 315 (3d Cir.
2014) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).
The record here shows Defendant failed to litigate this case and has continued to exhibit
bad faith and knowing infringement. After receiving cease and desist letters, the summons
in this action, and the Clerk’s entry of default, Defendant has continued to violate
Plaintiff’s registered LUSH trademark. Before Plaintiff filed suit, the parties discussed a
possible settlement, but Defendant has ceased communications with Plaintiff. Indeed, this
is an exceptional case of knowing infringement to justify awarding costs and attorneys’
fees. But Plaintiff has yet to submit proof of the submitted costs and attorneys’ fees
calculation. Absent further explanation or documentation to arguably support granting the
requested fees and cost reimbursement, the Court cannot issue a reliable award.
For the foregoing reasons and for good cause appearing;
IT IS on this 16th day of April, 2018, hereby,
ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion for default judgment is GRANTED; and it is
ORDERED that Defendant is hereby PERMANENTLY ENJOINED from any
future act that uses Cosmetic Warriors’ LUSH trademark, including but not limited to the
infringing G’LUSH designation and any confusingly similar variations of the same.
Defendant is ORDERED to immediately remove all exterior and interior signage, as well
as signage on all products and uniforms, bearing the G’LUSH designation and
immediately discontinue using the G’LUSH designation on or in connection with all
advertising and promotional materials. Defendant is also ORDERED to immediately
discontinue use of the G’LUSH Facebook page and immediately discontinue use of the
G’LUSH designation on or in connection with any social networking websites, including
but not limited to: Twitter, Pinterest, Snapchat, and Instagram; and it is further
ORDERED that Defendant immediately transfer to Cosmetic Warriors the
domain name https://www.glushsalon.com/; and it is further
ORDERED that Plaintiff’s request for costs and attorneys’ fees is DENIED
WITHOUT PREJUDICE. Should Plaintiff wish to renew the request, Plaintiff should
submit evidence to substantiate the requested amount pursuant to Local Civil Rule 54.2.
/s/ William J. Martini
WILLIAM J. MARTINI, U.S.D.J.
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