GIORDANO v. WEST ORANGE BOARD OF EDUCATION et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Magistrate Judge Tonianne J. Bongiovanni on 10/17/2016. (km)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
JAMES P. GIORDANO,
Civil Action No. 14-4202 (PGS)
WEST ORANGE BOARD OF
BONGIOVANNI, Magistrate Judge
This matter comes before the Court upon Plaintiff James P. Giordano’s motion to amend
his Complaint in order to add the following defendants: Jim O’Neil, Arthur Alloggiamento and
Dawn Riviero, as well as additional allegations against the existing and new defendants. [Docket
Entry No. 20]. The Court has fully reviewed and considered all arguments made in support of
Plaintiff’s motion to amend. No opposition was filed by Defendant West Orange Board of
Education. The Court considers Plaintiff’s motion without oral argument pursuant to L.Civ.R.
78.1(b). For the reasons set forth more fully below, Plaintiff’s motion is DENIED WITHOUT
Background and Procedural History
On July 2, 2014, Plaintiff filed his initial complaint against Arthur Alloggiamento, Dr.
Anthony Cavanna, Steve Christiano, Dennis Greico, Local WOEA Union Officers Nick Galante
and Mark Maniscalco, Hayden Moore, James O’Neil, Dawn Riviero, Constance Salmbeno and
the West Orange Board of Education. [Docket Entry No. 1]. Plaintiff alleged that Defendants
violated the American with Disabilities Act of 1990, ADA Amendments Act of 2008 and the
Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967. [Docket Entry No. 1 at 11]
Plaintiff then filed a motion to amend the complaint to add a defamation claim on July
14, 2014. [Docket Entry No. 3] The Court granted since this motion since “a party may amend
its pleading once as a matter of course within 21 days after serving it” pursuant to Federal Rule
of Civil Procedure 15(a)(1)(A). [Docket Entry No. 6]
Before filing his amended complaint, Plaintiff filed a “motion to add additional
information and to amend additional charges” on August 8, 2014. [Docket Entry No. 7] The
Court granted this motion on March 12, 2015. [Docket Entry No. 10] Plaintiff filed an amended
complaint on May 1, 2015. The amended complaint only listed the West Orange Board of
Education as Defendants, therefore, all other Defendants were terminated. [Docket Entry No.
Plaintiff filed the instant motion to amend on June 20, 2016. Plaintiff seeks to add six
additional counts as well as adding James O’Neill, Arthur Alloggiamento and Dawn Riviero as
Defendants. [Docket Entry No. 20]. As noted, Defendant West Orange Board of Education did
not file an opposition.
A. Standard of Review
Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P.15(a)(2), leave to amend the pleadings is generally granted
freely. See Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962); Alvin v. Suzuki, 227 F.3d 107, 121 (3d
Cir. 2000). Nevertheless, the Court may deny a motion to amend where there is “undue delay,
bad faith or dilatory motive on the part of the movant, repeated failure to cure deficiencies by
amendments previously allowed, undue prejudice to the opposing party by virtue of allowance of
the amendment, [or] futility of the amendment.” Id. However, where there is an absence of
undue delay, bad faith, prejudice or futility, a motion for leave to amend a pleading should be
liberally granted. Long v. Wilson, 393 F.3d 390, 400 (3d Cir. 2004).
A motion to amend is properly denied where the proposed amendment is futile. An
amendment is futile if it “is frivolous or advances a claim or defense that is legally insufficient on
its face.” Harrison Beverage Co. v. Dribeck Imp., Inc., 133 F.R.D. 463, 468 (D.N.J. 1990) (internal
quotation marks and citations omitted). To evaluate futility, the Court uses “the same standard of
legal sufficiency” as applied to a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6) (Shane v. Fauver, 213
F.3d 113, 115 (3d Cir. 2000)) and considers only the pleading, exhibits attached to the pleading,
matters of public record, and undisputedly authentic documents if the party’s claims are based
upon same. See Pension Benefit Guar. Corp. v. White Consol. Indus., 998 F.2d 1192, 1196 (3d
To determine if a complaint would survive a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), the
Court must accept as true all the facts alleged in the pleading, draw all reasonable inferences in
favor of the plaintiff, and determine if “under any reasonable reading of the complaint, the plaintiff
may be entitled to relief[.]” Phillips v. County of Allegheny, 515 F.3d 224, 233 (3d Cir. 2008).
“[D]ismissal is appropriate only if, accepting all of the facts alleged in the [pleading] as true, the
p[arty] has failed to plead ‘enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face[.]’”
Duran v. Equifirst Corp., Civil Action No. 2:09-cv-03856, 2010 WL 918444, *2 (D.N.J. March
12, 2010) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 167 L.Ed.2d
929 (2007)). Put simply, the alleged facts must be sufficient to “allow the court to draw the
reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129
S.Ct. 1937, 1949, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009).
Although a pleading does not need to contain “detailed factual allegations,” a party’s
“obligation to provide the ‘grounds’ of his ‘entitle[ment] to relief’ requires more than labels and
conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do[.]”
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555 (citation omitted). Thus, the “[f]actual allegations must be enough to
raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Id. Additionally, in assessing a motion to
dismiss, although the Court must view the factual allegations contained in the pleading at issue as
true, the Court is “not compelled to accept unwarranted inferences, unsupported conclusions or
legal conclusions disguised as factual allegations.” Baraka v. McGreevey, 481 F.3d 187, 211 (3d
Although the Court finds that Plaintiff has pled sufficient facts to show that the additional
counts are not futile, the Court finds that there has been undue delay. Plaintiff filed his
complaint on July 2, 2014 and has filed two motions to amend which this Court has granted.
More than two years after the filing of the initial complaint, Plaintiff is now seeking to amend his
complaint to add age discrimination and retaliation claims [Docket Entry No. 1] Plaintiff’s
initial complaint alleged age discrimination and retaliation. These claims were not included in
his amended complaint. Plaintiff now seeks to add them to his second amended complaint.
Plaintiff also seeks to add three defendants who were included in his original complaint-James
O’Neill, Arthur Alloggiamento and Dawn Riviero.
Although Defendant does not oppose this motion, the Court notes that Plaintiff has not
explained why the statute of limitations does not bar these claims. A motion to amend must be
filed within the applicable statute of limitations. According to Plaintiff’s proposed amended
complaint, the last incident took place on November 13, 2012. [Docket Entry No. 21 at 7, ¶ 54].
The statute of limitations for the additional counts that Plaintiff seeks to add under the New
Jersey Law Against Discrimination, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act and the
Americans with Disabilities Act is two-years, thus, Plaintiff’s motion is barred by the statutes of
For the reasons set forth above, Plaintiff’s Motion to Amend is DENIED WITHOUT
PREJUDICE. An appropriate Order follows.
Dated: October 17, 2016
s/ Tonianne J. Bongiovanni
HONORABLE TONIANNE J. BONGIOVANNI
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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