LIN v. SHARER
MEMORANDUM OPINION filed. Signed by Judge Michael A. Shipp on 10/30/2015. (mmh)
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
In re IRENE H. LIN,
Bankruptcy Action No. 13-20829 (KCF)
IRENE H. LIN,
BARRY R. SHARER, TRUSTEE,
ON APPEAL FROM THE
BANKRUPTCY COURT OF THE
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No. 15-1335 (MAS)
SHIPP, District Judge
This matter comes before the Court on Barry R. Sharer, Trustee's ("Appellee" or
"Trustee") motion to dismiss the appeal of Irene H. Lin ("Appellant" or "Debtor") and for the
imposition of sanctions upon Debtor's attorney, Jay J. Lin, Esq., pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1927 and
Rule 8020(a) of the Federal Rules ofBankruptcy Procedure. (ECF No. 7.) In the Notice of Appeal,
Debtor asserts that she is appealing the following three "Orders" of the Bankruptcy Court:
"(l) Order entered February 18, 2014, (2) Order entered June 19, 2014, and (3) Order entered
February 9, 2015." (ECF No. 1.) After careful consideration of the parties' submissions, and for
the reasons set forth below, the Court grants Appellee's motion to dismiss Debtor's appeal and for
the imposition of sanctions upon Debtor's attorney.
Motion to Dismiss Debtor's Appeal 1
Appeal Is Untimely As to the February 18, 2014 and June 19, 2014 Orders
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 8002( a)( 1), absent a request to extend
the time to appeal, a notice of appeal must be filed within fourteen days of the date of the entry of
the order appealed from. Fed. R. Ban1cr. P. 8002(a)(l). Here, without moving to extend the time
to file the notice of appeal, Appellant filed the notice of appeal more than one year after the
February 18, 2014 Order and nearly eight months after the June 19, 2014 Order. Thus, the appeal
of the February 18, 2014 and June 19, 2014 Orders is untimely. Accordingly, given that the
"prescribed timeline within which an appeal from a bankruptcy court must be filed is mandatory
and jurisdictional," In re Caterbone, 640 F.3d 108, 110 (3d Cir. 2011), the Court lacks jurisdiction
to hear an appeal of these Orders.
February 9, 2015 Entry of Default is Not an Appealable Order
The Notice of Appeal states that Debtor also appeals the "Order entered February 9, 2015."
Describing this Order, Debtor states that the "Bankruptcy Court granted Trustee's Motion for
Summary Judgment by Default." (Appellant's Opp'n to MTD Br. 9, ECF No. 5-1.) The "Order"
was, however, an "entry of default" by the Court Clerk not a "summary judgment" decision.
(Attachment 3 to Appellant's Opp'n to MTD, ECF No. 5-2.) "The entry of default is not an
appealable order." In re Lam, 192 F.3d 1309, 1311 (9th Cir. 1999); see also In re Supplies &
Serv., Inc., 461 B.R. 699, 704 (1st Cir. 2011) ("A bankruptcy court's refusal to set aside an entry
of default under Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(c) prior to entry of judgment is generally interlocutory and not
appealable."); United States v. Tucker, 5 F. App'x 23, 24 (2d Cir. 2001) (requiring appellant to file
The Court assumes familiarity with the facts, which are set forth in detail in Lin v. Neuner, No.
14-5230 (FLW) (D.N.J. April 16, 2015).
a motion in district court to set aside the default judgment before appealing the district's court
entry of the default judgment to the Court of Appeals). "[A] party may not challenge the entry of
default in the first instance in an appellate court; rather, a party must first file an appropriate motion
in the court where the default was entered." In re Lam, 192 F .3d at 1311; see also In re Chalasani,
92 F.3d 1300, 1307 (2d Cir. 1996) ("To challenge a default judgment, the movant must first reopen
the case in the court where the default was taken.")
Accordingly, the Court grants the Trustee's motion to dismiss and dismisses Debtor's
Motion for Sanctions
28 U.S.C. § 1927 Sanctions
Section 1927 provides that "[a]ny attorney ... admitted to conduct cases in any court of
the United States ... who so multiplies the proceedings in any case unreasonably and vexatiously
may be required by the court to satisfy personally the excess costs, expenses, and attorneys' fees
reasonably incurred because of such conduct." 28 U.S.C. § 1927. To impose sanctions pursuant
to § 1927, a court must find that an attorney has"( 1) multiplied proceedings; (2) in an unreasonable
and vexatious manner; (3) thereby increasing the cost of the proceedings; and (4) doing so in bad
faith or by intentional misconduct." In re Prosser, 777 F.3d 155, 162 (3d Cir. 2015).
Here, Debtor's attorney has already filed three separate appeals regarding his client's
bankruptcy proceedings. All three of these appeals were dismissed for failure to follow the
applicable rules of procedure. Specifically, this court dismissed Debtor's prior appeals for failure
to file within the applicable time limits (Lin v. Neuner, No. 14-5230 (FLW) (D.N.J. April 16,
2015)); failure to demonstrate jurisdiction (Lin v. Sharer, No. 14-1819 (MAS) (D.N.J. Oct. 10,
2014)); and failure to designate any record for appeal (Lin v. Neuner, No. 14-4202 (JAP) (D.N.J.
July 10, 2014)). Moreover, Debtor has already appealed two of the three Orders now on appeal:
Debtor appealed the February 18, 2014 Order denying removal of the Trustee for cause in Lin v.
Sharer, No. 14-1819 (MAS) (D.N.J. Oct. 10, 2014), and Debtor appealed the June 19, 2014 Order
granting the motion to dismiss the Adversary Proceeding Complaint in Lin v. Neuner, No. 14-5230
(FLW) (D.N.J. April 16, 2015). Counsel's repeated failure to follow applicable procedural rules
and duplicative appeals have multiplied proceedings in an unreasonable and vexatious manner
thereby increasing the costs of the proceedings.
Furthermore, given that this court's decisions on Debtor's previous appeals have addressed
the procedural requirements for appeals - namely the time limits for filing an appeal - the Court
finds that counsel acted in bad faith by appealing Orders that were entered months ago. Thus,
recognizing that a "court should exercise this sanctioning power only in instances of serious and
studied disregard for the orderly process of justice," the Court finds this to be an instance where
such sanctions are warranted. In re Prosser, 777 F.3d 154, 161 (3d Cir. 2015) (quoting LaSalle
Nat 'l Bank v. First Conn. Holding Grp. LLC, 287 F .3d 270, 288 (3d Cir. 2002).
Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 8020(a) Sanctions
Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 8020(a) provides that "[i]f a district court ...
determines that an appeal is frivolous, it may, after a separately filed motion or notice from the
court and reasonable opportunity to respond, award just damages and single or double costs to the
appellee." Fed. R. Bankr. P. 8020(a). As discussed above, here the Court finds that Debtor's
attorney was well aware that an appeal of the February 18, 2014 and June 19, 2014 Orders was
untimely, and thus frivolous. In addition, the Court finds that it was frivolous for Debtor's attorney
to appeal an entry of default judgment without first bringing a motion to vacate in Bankruptcy
Court. Counsel cannot simply ignore the proceedings in Bankruptcy Court and then appeal to this
court. Accordingly, the Court finds that this appeal is frivolous. In addition, given that the request
for sanctions was made in a separate motion, specifically entitled "Motion to Dismiss Appeal and
for Sanctions" the Court finds that Rule 8020(a)'s procedural requirements have been satisfied.
Fed. R. Banlcr. P. 8020(a). Despite having the opportunity to do so, Debtor's attorney has not
offered any explanation as to why the appeal of an entry of default judgment and two Orders issued
nearly a year ago is non-frivolous. Thus, the Court finds that the filing of this appeal warrants
For the reasons set forth above, the Court grants Appellee's Motion to Dismiss Debtor's
Appeal and for Sanctions. An order consistent with this Memorandum Opinion will be entered.
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