LIN v. SHARER
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Michael A. Shipp on 7/21/2016. (gxh)
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
In re IRENE H. LIN,
Bankruptcy Action No. 13-20829
IRENE H. LIN,
BARRY SHARER, Trustee,
ON APPEAL FROM THE
BANKRUPTCY COURT OF THE
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
Civil Action No. 15-8232 (MAS)
SHIPP, District Judge
This matter comes before the Court on Appellee Barry Sharer's ("Trustee") motion to
dismiss the appeal of Appellant Irene H. Lin ("Debtor") and for the imposition of sanctions upon
Debtor's attorney, Jay J. Lin, Esq., pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1927 and Rule 8020(a) of the Federal
Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. (ECF No. 6.) In the Notice of Appeal, Debtor states that she is
appealing the bankruptcy court orders entered on November 5, 2015 and November 8, 2015.
(ECF No. 1.) After careful consideration of the parties' submissions, and for the reasons set forth
below, the Court grants Trustee's motion to dismiss Debtor's appeal and for sanctions.
Motion to Dismiss Debtor's Appeal as to the November 3, 2015 Order
The Notice of Appeal states that Debtor appeals the "Orders Denying Discharge" entered
on November 5, 2015 and November 8, 2015. (Notice of Appeal, ECF No. 1.) The Court notes,
however, that an order denying Debtor's discharge was not entered on November 8, 2015.
(Appellant's Moving Br., Ex. A, ECF No. 4-2.) Therefore, the Court will address only Trustee's
motion to dismiss Debtor's appeal of the November 3, 2015 order (the "Order"), which Debtor
referred to as the November 5, 2015 order.2 (Id.)
Pursuant to Rule 8002(a)(l) of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure, absent a
request to extend the time to appeal, a notice of appeal must be filed within fourteen days of the
date of the entry of the order appealed from. Fed. R. Bankr. P. 8002(a)(l). Here, without moving
to extend the time to file the notice of appeal, Appellant filed the notice of appeal on November
20, 2015, fifteen days after the Order was entered. (ECF No. 1.) Thus, the appeal of the Order is
untimely. Accordingly, given that the "prescribed time line within which an appeal from a
bankruptcy court must be filed is mandatory and jurisdictional," In re Caterbone, 640 F .3d 108,
110 (3d Cir. 2011 ), the Court lacks jurisdiction to hear this appeal.
Motion for the Imposition of Sanctions
28 U.S.C. § 1927 Sanctions
Section 1927 provides that "[a]ny attorney ... admitted to conduct cases in any court of
the United States . . . who so multiplies the proceedings in any case unreasonably and
vexatiously may be required by the court to satisfy personally the excess costs, expenses, and
The Court assumes familiarity with the facts, which are set forth in detail in Lin v. Neuner, No.
14-5230 (FLW) (D.N.J. Apr. 16, 2015).
14-5230 (FLW) (D.N.J. Apr. 16, 2015).
The Order was dated and filed by the Bankruptcy Court on November 3, 2015, and entered on
the docket on November 5, 2015.
attorneys' fees reasonably incurred because of such conduct." 28 U.S.C. § 1927. To impose
sanctions pursuant to § 1927, a court must find that an attorney has "'(1) multiplied proceedings;
(2) in an unreasonable and vexatious manner; (3) thereby increasing the cost of the proceedings;
and (4) doing so in bad faith or by intentional misconduct." In re Prosser, 777 F.3d 155, 162 (3d
Cir. 2015) (quoting Jn re Prudential Ins. Co. Am. Sales Practice Litig. Agent Actions, 278 F .3d
175, 187 (3d Cir. 2002).
Here, Debtor's attorney has already filed numerous appeals regarding his client's
bankruptcy proceedings. All of these appeals were dismissed by the Court for failure to follow
applicable rules of procedure, including: failure to file within the applicable time limits an appeal
and appealable order (Lin v. Sharer, No. 15-1335 (MAS) (D.N.J. Oct. 30, 2015)); failure to file
within the applicable time limits (Lin v. Neuner, No. 14-5230 (FLW) (D.N.J. Apr. 16, 2015));
failure to demonstrate jurisdiction (Lin v. Sharer, No. 14-1819 (MAS) (D.N.J. Oct. 10, 2014));
and failure to designate any record for appeal (Lin v. Neuner, No. 14-4204 (JAP) (D.N.J. July 10,
In addition, courts in this district have twice imposed sanctions upon Debtor's attorney
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1927 and Rule 8020(a) of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure.
See Lin v. Sharer, No. 15-1335 (MAS) (D.N.J. Oct. 30, 2015); Lin v. Neuner, No. 14-5230
(FLW) (D.N.J. Apr. 16, 2015). Debtor's counsel appealed the Court's April 16, 2015 order
imposing sanctions to the Third Circuit. In re Lin, No. 15-2106, 2016 WL 1697641, at
Cir. Apr. 28, 2016). The Third Circuit upheld the Court's order affirming the bankruptcy court's
award of sanctions against Debtor. Id. Despite the Court's aforementioned dismissals of Debtor's
appeals for failure to follow the applicable rules of procedure and the imposition of sanctions
upon Debtor's attorney, the present untimely appeal was filed. Thus, counsel's duplicative
appeals and repeated failures to follow the applicable rules of procedure have multiplied
proceedings in an unreasonable and vexatious manner, thereby increasing the cost of the
Furthermore, given the Court's decisions on Debtor's previous appeals that addressed the
procedural requirements for appeals-namely the time limits for filing an appeal-counsel has
again acted in bad faith by filing an untimely appeal of the Order. The Court recognizes that
"courts should exercise [its] sanctioning power only in instances of a serious and studied
disregard for the orderly process of justice," and finds that in light of previous holdings sanctions
are warranted. In re Prosser, 777 F.3d at 161 (quoting LaSalle Nat'/ Bank v. First Conn. Holding
Grp. LLC, 287 F .3d 279, 288 (3d Cir. 2002)).
Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 8020(a) Sanctions
Rule 8020(a) of the Federal Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure provides that "[i]fthe district
court . . . determines that an appeal is frivolous, it may, after a separately filed motion or notice
from the court and reasonable opportunity to respond, award just damages and single or double
costs to the appellee." Fed. R. Bankr. P. 8020(a). Here, as discussed above, the Court finds that
despite counsel for Debtor's awareness of the applicable rules of procedure for filing a timely
appeal, his appeal was untimely, and thus frivolous. Furthermore, Debtor's attorney provided no
explanation as to why the appeal of the Order was non-frivolous. Thus, the Court finds that the
filing of this appeal warrants sanctions.
For the reasons set forth above, the Court grants Trustee's motion to dismiss Debtor's
appeal and for sanctions. An order consistent with this Memorandum Opinion will be entered.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: July21, 2016
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