BARTHAKUR v. OLSZYK et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION filed. Signed by Judge Brian R. Martinotti on 2/7/2017. (mmh)
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
HANK OLSZYK, et al.,
Civ. Action No.: 16-1995-BRM-DEA
Before this Court is a Motion to Dismiss the Complaint of pro se Plaintiff Abhi Barthakur
(“Plaintiff”), pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), filed by defendant Steven Jablonski
(“Defendant” or “Jablonski”). (ECF No. 4.) No opposition was filed. The Court decides the motion
without oral argument, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 78, and, for the reasons set forth below,
Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss is GRANTED.
On April 11, 2016, Plaintiff filed a Complaint (ECF No. 1) against several defendants.
Plaintiff labels his Complaint: “Violation of [the] United States Constitution, Civil Rights,
Racketeering, Obstruction of free Movement and Obstruction of Justice.” (Id.) The Complaint
does not plead separate counts and does not describe which factual allegations support which
causes of action, against which defendants. Nonetheless, from the Complaint and as relevant to
the instant motion, the Court gleans the following facts:
Plaintiff alleges his daughter is a ninth grade student in the Hillsborough School District,
where Jablonski is the Vice Principal. (ECF No. 1 at 8-9.) Plaintiff states he “found out that the
high school timing was VERY inconvenient” because “[t]he bus comes at 6:40 and it’s still very
dark.” (Id.) As a result, Plaintiff “left a phone message and a few emails that [he was] displeased
at the timing, and [his] daughter will go [to] the school when the actual teaching period starts. For
the phone message, Mr. Steve Jablonski, the vice principal filed a harassment charge on me.” (Id.
at 9.) According to the Complaint, “[o]n the day of the trial at the superior court, Judge Bruce
Jones heard the tape and read the email, and found [Plaintiff] not guilty.” (Id.)
The Complaint also alleges “[o]ne other time, when [Plaintiff] was going over [his]
daughter’s math assignment, [he] saw a serious flaw on the teaching of the algebraic equations,
without giving the basic information.” (ECF No. 1 at 11.) Upon seeing this “serious flaw,” Plaintiff
“fired up an email,” apparently to Jablonski. (Id.) In response, Jablonski allegedly “filed another
harassment charge . . . [b]ut this time he could not find a police officer to sign the ticket . . . .”
(Id.) “Since Mr. Jablonski lost his previous harassment claim,” the Complaint alleges “he used Ms.
Nancy Horvath, a Hillsborough Township municipal court administrator, to issue this new
summon [sic].” (Id.) Plaintiff describes these actions as “an organized crime syndicate” because
“[i]t is [Plaintiff’s] full belief, that Mr. Jablonski and Mr. Blandino are acting in unison to harass
me anyway they can.” (Id.)
In response to the harassment charges, Plaintiff “started posting YouTube videos about
their nastiness. . . . I said in one of my YouTube video ‘any police officer without warrant comes
into my house, when I am home, and threatens my family, I will put a f-ing bullet on your head.’”
(ECF No. 1 at 12.)
The Complaint also describes various incidents in which Plaintiff was arrested and/or
incarcerated, without reference to Jablonski, including several summons for loose animals and the
use of firearms on his property. (See ECF No. 1 at 3.) Plaintiff concludes the Complaint stating: “I
am visualizing an imminent total societal collapse of the United States and elsewhere. It is VERY
important that I have my guns back, to protect my family in such a situation. But since this has not
happened yet, I am going along with the system and filing this complaint.” (Id. at 14-15.) Plaintiff
seeks the following relief: (1) “An order to have my 22 caliber guns back – one hand gun and one
rifle, be returned to my home address immediately, protecting the 2nd amendment” and (2)
“Supreme common law is maintained. UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION MUST BE
UPHELD, perpetrator who violated the rules MUST be PUNISHED with exemplary punishment.”
(Id. at 15.)
Jablonski now moves to dismiss the Complaint in its entirety for failure to state a claim,
pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). (ECF No. 4.) Plaintiff did not file written opposition to
Defendant’s motion. Instead, Plaintiff filed an “Addendum to case 3:16-cv-01995” in order “to
add to [his] original complaint as many individual[s] of Hillsborough Township Police
department” as defendants. (ECF No. 7.) This “addendum” does not include any additional
allegations relating to Jablonski. (See id.)
In deciding a motion to dismiss pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), a district court is
“required to accept as true all factual allegations in the complaint and draw all inferences in the
facts alleged in the light most favorable to the [plaintiff].” Phillips v. Cnty. of Allegheny, 515 F.3d
224, 228 (3d Cir. 2008). “[A] complaint attacked by a . . . motion to dismiss does not need detailed
factual allegations.” Bell Atlantic v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). However, the Plaintiff’s
“obligation to provide the ‘grounds’ of his ‘entitle[ment] to relief’ requires more than labels and
conclusions, and a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will not do.” Id. (citing
Papasan v. Allain, 478 U.S. 265, 286 (1986)). A court is “not bound to accept as true a legal
conclusion couched as a factual allegation.” Papasan, 478 U.S. at 286. Instead, assuming the
factual allegations in the complaint are true, those “[f]actual allegations must be enough to raise a
right to relief above the speculative level.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555.
“To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter,
accepted as true, to ‘state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face.’” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556
U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570). “A claim has facial plausibility when the
pleaded factual content allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is
liable for misconduct alleged.” Id. This “plausibility standard” requires the complaint allege “more
than a sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully,” but it “is not akin to a ‘probability
requirement.’” Id. (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556). “Detailed factual allegations” are not
required, but “more than ‘an unadorned, the defendant-harmed-me accusation” must be pled; it
must include “factual enhancements” and not just conclusory statements or a recitation of the
elements of a cause of action. Id. (citing Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555, 557).
“Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief [is] . . . a contextspecific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common
sense.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 679. “[W]here the well-pleaded facts do not permit the court to infer
more than the mere possibility of misconduct, the complaint has alleged—but it has not
‘show[n]’—‘that the pleader is entitled to relief.’” Id. at 679 (quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2)).
It appears Plaintiff is attempting to assert claims against Jablonski under the Racketeer
Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act, 18 U.S.C. §1962, et seq., for his alleged
involvement in a criminal conspiracy, and for unspecified violations of Plaintiff’s civil rights. In
both respects, however, the Complaint fails to state a viable claim for relief.
To plead a RICO claim under Section 1962(c), “the plaintiff must allege (1) conduct (2) of
an enterprise (3) through a pattern (4) of racketeering activity.” In re Insurance Brokerage
Antitrust Litig., 618 F.3d 300, 362-63 (3d Cir. 2010). To constitute a “pattern of racketeering
activity,” there must have been at least two acts of racketeering within a ten-year period. 18 U.S.C.
§ 1961(5). Here, Plaintiff fails to allege two acts of criminal activity, as required to state a RICO
claim. Rather, as to Jablonski, the Complaint simply alleges he filed a criminal complaint for
harassment against Plaintiff. Plaintiff also fails to allege the existence of an enterprise, its
relationships or purpose. Boyle v. United States, 556 U.S. 938, 946 (2009); see also 18 U.S.C. §
1961(4) (defining the term “enterprise” in the context of a RICO claim). As such, Plaintiff has
failed to state a RICO claim under Section 1962 against Jablonski.
The Complaint also fails to state a claim against Jablonski for alleged violations of
Plaintiff’s civil rights. A generous reading of the Complaint suggests Plaintiff’s claims against
Jablonski, for filing a criminal complaint against Plaintiff, arise under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. To state
a claim under Section 1983, a plaintiff must demonstrate that (1) the conduct complained of was
committed by a person acting under color of state law; and (2) the conduct deprived a person of
rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the United States Constitution. Robb v. City of
Philadelphia, 733 F.2d 286, 290-91 (3d Cir. 1984). Here, however, Jablonski was not acting under
color of state law and the Complaint makes no such allegation.
To the extent Plaintiff intended to plead a claim for malicious prosecution that claim also
fails. To plead a Section 1983 malicious prosecution claim, a plaintiff must allege (1) the defendant
initiated a criminal proceeding; (2) which ends in the plaintiff’s favor; (3) which was initiated
without probable cause; (4) the defendant acted maliciously or for a purpose other than bringing
the defendant to justice; and (5) facts sufficient to show a plausible deprivation of liberty consistent
with the concept of seizure. Lee v. Mihalich, 847 F.2d 66, 69-70 (3d Cir. 1988); Hartspence v.
Madison Township, 617 F. App’x 158 (3d Cir. 2015). But Plaintiff does not allege a plausible
deprivation of liberty consistent with the concept of seizure, and the mere issuance of a summons,
without more, is not sufficient to state a malicious prosecution claim. See Varriale v. Borough of
Montvale, No. 04-199, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 44384 (D.N.J. June 29, 2006); DiBella v. Borough
of Beachwood, 407 F.3d 599, 602-03 (3d Cir. 2005).
Finally, Plaintiff’s purported obstruction of justice claim must also be dismissed. N.J.S.A.
2C:29-1 governs obstruction of justice, but it is a criminal statute that does not provide for a private
right of action. When a statute is silent on the question, New Jersey courts are “generally loathe to
imply a civil remedy from a penal statute.” Trustees of Local 478 Trucking & Allied Pension Fund
v. Pirozzi, 198 N.J. Super. 297, 308 (N.J. Sup. Ct. Law Div. 1983), aff’d, 198 N.J. Super. 318
(App. Div. 1984). The Court finds no basis to infer a private right of action for obstruction of
justice and, moreover, the Complaint fails to allege any facts that would support such a claim
For the reasons discussed above, Defendant’s Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 4) is
GRANTED. An appropriate Order will follow.
Date: February 7, 2017
/s/ Brian R. Martinotti
HON. BRIAN R. MARTINOTTI
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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