WEST COAST QUARTZ CORPORATION v. M.E.C. TECH, INC.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER that the 3 Answer of M.E.C. is stricken. Default Judgment against Defendant M.E.C. is entered. Signed by Judge Peter G. Sheridan on 5/9/2017. (mps)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY
WEST COAST QUARTZ CORP.,
Civil Action No.: 16-cv-2280 (PGS)(LHG)
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
M.E.C. TECH, iNC.,
This matter comes before the Court on a Motion to Strike the Answer of the Defendant
M.E.C. Tech, Inc. (“M.E.C.”) (ECF No. 3). In this action, West Coast Quartz Corporation
(“West Coast”) filed a complaint on April 22, 2016 against M.E.C. alleging they failed to pay
invoices for a series of sales of industrial components and materials, totaling approximately
$366,044, not including accrued interest of 1.5% per month for all the past due invoices. On June
4, 2016, M.E.C. Tech, Inc. filed its Answer. On October 3, 2016, West Coast served three
written discovery requests upon M.E.C. for which responses were due on November 11, 2016.
M.E.C. failed to provide Request for Production of Documents and Interrogatories by November
On November 15, 2016, West Coast’s counsel Brian Song sent a discovery demand letter.
Defendant’s counsel, Richard M. Sasso, sent a reply letter on November 16, 2016 stating “I
caimot tell you when you might be in receipt of the same.” On or around November 17, 2016,
West Coast sent a letter proposing the parties enter into a stipulated issue or evidence sanction as
a remedy concerning the Defendant’s failure to respond and on November 18, 2016, Mr. Sasso
rejected West Coast’s proposal.
On November 21, 2016, West Coast’s attorney sent a letter to Magistrate Judge Goodman
and requested an Order compelling discovery responses. Judge Goodman held a hearing on
December 5, 2016. During the hearing, Mr. Sasso acknowledged that his client (M.E.C.) failed to
provide discovery and non-responsiveness. Judge Goodman ordered M.E.C. to serve certified
responses to the discovery requests by December 30, 2016. (ECF No. 12). M.E.C. failed to
respond and serve certified responses as required by the Court’s Order.
On January 9, 2016, the Court held a telephone status call regarding the discovery request
status. Mr. Sasso admitted that M.E.C. had not returned his phone calls, not paid any legal fees
and certified mail sent to M.E.C. was returned. To date, M.E.C. has not complied with the
Court’s December 21, 2016 Order.
On February 20, 2017, West Coast filed the First Motion to Strike Answer of Defendant.
In determining whether to sanction or dismiss a case for lack of prosecution including
failure to provide discovery, the Court considers six factors set forth in the Third Circuit case of
Poulis v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co. (“Poulis factors”). The Poulis factors include: (1) the
extent of the party’s personal responsibility; (2) the prejudice to the adversary caused by the
failure to meet scheduling orders and respond to discovery; (3) a history of dilatoriness; (4)
whether the conduct of the party or the attorney was willful or in bad faith; (5) the effectiveness
of sanctions other than dismissal, which entails an analysis of alternative sanctions; and (6) the
meritoriousness of the claim or defense. The Court is required to balance each factor in its
analysis and no single factor is determinative. Poulis v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co., 747 F.2d
863 (3d Cir. 1984).
1. Extent of Party’s Personal Responsibility
With respect to the first Poulis factor, the Court finds the Defendant M.E.C. has failed to
diligently pursue this litigation. All litigants must comply with court orders. M.E.C. Tech Inc.
has failed to provide discovery or respond in any manner to the discovery requests. Thus, the
first Poulis factor weighs in favor of West Coast.
2. Prejudice to Plaintiff
The second Poulis factor requires examination of the prejudice to other parties caused by the
delay. This factor weighs in favor of striking the Answer and entering a Default Judgment
against M.E.C. “While prejudice for the purpose of Poulis analysis does not mean ‘irremediable
harm,’ the burden imposed by impeding a party’s ability to prepare effectively a full and
complete trial strategy is sufficiently prejudicial.” Ware v. Rodale Press, Inc., 322 F.3d 218, 222
(3d. Cir. 2003). Prejudice includes “deprivation of information through noncooperation with
discovery, and costs expended obtaining court orders to force compliance with discovery.”
Adams v. Tr. ofthe NJ Brewery Emp. Pension Tr. Fund, 29 F.3d 863, 874 (3d. Cir. 1994). West
Coast cannot properly pursue this claim because of M.E.C.’s failure to comply with discovery
obligations. M.E.C. has ignored the Court’s Order and counsel, Mr. Song’s points of contact.
Without discovery, West Coast has insufficient information and has been impeded from
preparing a summary judgment motion, thereby suffering prejudice. Thus, the second Poulis
factor weighs in favor of West Coast’s request.
3. History of Dilatoriness
With respect to the third Poulis factor, “extensive or repeated delay or delinquency constitutes a
history of dilatoriness.” Id. This includes consistent non-response to interrogatories, or consistent
tardiness in complying with court orders. Id. If unable to comply with time limits, counsel may
request an extension to the court. Under Poulis, “time limits imposed by the rules and the court
serve an important purpose for the expeditious processing of litigation.” Poulis, 747 F.2d at 868.
“A history by counsel of ignoring these time limits is intolerable.” Id. Judge Goodman ordered
M.E.C. to serve certified responses to the discovery requests by December 30, 2016. M.E.C.
failed to respond to the Court’s Order and outreach from counsel, Mr. Song. The Defendant has
not sought an extension of time from the Court nor explained the failure to respond and has
continued to delay discovery by failing to provide responses. The delay in the case caused by the
Defendant weighs in favor of West Coast’s request.
4. Willfulness or Bad Faith
The fourth Poulis factor looks to whether the actions of a party suggest willfulness or bad faith.
The Court finds that willfulness or bad faith where no reasonable excuse for the conduct exists.
Ware, 322 F.3d at 224. As set forth above, the Defendant has failed to provide West Coast with
any responses to its discovery requests, has failed to respond to counsel and has not provided any
explanations for his lack of participation. The Court construes this as willful. Thus, the fourth
Poulis factor weighs in favor of West Coast’s request.
5. Alternative Sanctions
With respect to the fifth Poulis factor, the Court considers whether alternative sanctions would
be effective. “The defendants non-responsiveness despite notice of these proceedings and the
demonstrates that no sanction other than striking its Answer and allowing the
plaintiff to seek default... will cure the prejudice.” Temptime Corp. v. Timestrip PLC, No. 084277, 2009 WL 1560205, at *2 (D.N.J. June 2, 2009). The Defendant has had time to respond to
the discovery request and has chosen not to do so. This demonstrates a lack of desire to defend
this matter. An alternative sanction would likely do little to prompt the Defendant’s compliance
due to the fact that this Court’s December Order went ignored and the Defendant is also ignoring
counsel, Mr. Sasso. Additional opportunities would be futile. The Court finds that the
appropriate sanction for the Defendant’s failure to comply with a court order and failure to
defendant against West Coast’s claims is striking M.E.C.’s Answer and entering default against
6. Meritoriousness of Claim or Defenses
Here, it is difficult to assess the final Poulis factor due to the Defendant’s lack of participation in
this matter. However, because Poulis is a balancing test, “each factor need not be satisfied for the
trial court to dismiss a claim.” Ware, 322 F.3d at 221. Therefore, the sixth factor weighs in West
After weighing the Poulis factors, West Coast’s motion to strike the answer of the Defendant and
enter default is the appropriate relief.
IT IS on this
day of May, 2017;
ORDERED that the Answer of M.E.C. is stricken (ECF No. 3); and it is further;
ORDERED that default judgment against Defendant M.E.C. is entered.
PETER G. SHERIDAN, U.S.D.J.
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