CalMat Co. v. Old Castle Precast, Inc. et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER by District Judge Kenneth J. Gonzales denying 135 Motion to Add Rune Kraft as Defendant. (tah)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
Civ. No. 16-26 KG/WPL
OLDCASTLE PRECAST, INC.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter comes before the Court upon Rune Kraft’s Motion to Add Rune Kraft as
Defendant (Motion), filed April 14, 2017. (Doc. 135). On April 4, 2017, the Board of Directors
of Kraft Americas Holdings, Inc. (KAHI) resolved to give Rune Kraft “a full interest in all funds
deposited with the Court in” this interpleader lawsuit. (Doc. 135) at 6. That being the case,
Rune Kraft now moves the Court to add him as Defendant. The Court construes the Motion as a
Fed. R. Civ. P. 25(c) motion for joinder. Having considered the Motion and the relevant law, the
Court denies the Motion.
Rule 25(c) provides, in pertinent part: “If an interest is transferred, the action may be
continued by or against the original party unless the court, on motion, orders the transferee to be
substituted in the action or joined with the original party.” Rule 25(c) does not require any
action once a party transfers its interest. 7C Wright, Miller & Kane, Federal Practice and
Procedure: Civil 3d § 1958 at 696 (2007). “The action may be continued by or against the
original party, and the judgment will be binding on the successor in interest even though the
successor is not named.” Id. Moreover, entering an order of joinder under Rule 25(c) “is merely
a discretionary determination by the trial court that the transferee’s presence would facilitate the
conduct of the litigation.” 7C Wright, Miller & Kane, Federal Practice and Procedure: Civil 3d
§ 1958 at 696-98. See also Prop–Jets, Inc. v. Chandler, 575 F.2d 1322, 1324 (10th Cir.1978)
(decision to join party under Rule 25(c) “is generally within the sound discretion of the trial
For the following reasons, the Court, in its discretion, denies Rune Kraft’s request to be
joined as a defendant under Rule 25(c). First, considering Rune Kraft’s continuing failure to
follow the Court’s rules and orders, Rune Kraft’s participation in this case would only “be highly
disruptive of the orderly administration of the litigation.” Nat'l Indep. Theatre Exhibitors, Inc. v.
Buena Vista Distribution Co., 748 F.2d 602, 610 (11th Cir. 1984) (finding no abuse of discretion
when “district court refused substitution [under Rule 25(c)] because Patterson’s participation had
been and would continue to be highly disruptive of the orderly administration of the litigation.”).
Second, because KAHI has been dismissed from the case, joining Rune Kraft as a defendant
does not change that fact and would, therefore, be superfluous. See Med. Supply Chain, Inc. v.
Neoforma, Inc., 2008 WL 11333741, at *1 (D. Kan.), aff'd, 322 F. App'x 630 (10th Cir. 2009)
(declining to exercise discretion to substitute party under Rule 25(c) “because this case has been
dismissed, and substitution will not change that outcome.”). Finally, KAHI cannot transfer its
interest in the interpleaded funds to Rune Kraft to “circumvent the rule” that a corporation
cannot “litigate claims in this court without the services of an attorney.” Finast Metal Prod., Inc.
v. United States, 12 Cl. Ct. 759, 762 (1987) (citing See Palazzo v. Gulf Oil Corp., 764 F.2d 1381,
1385–86 (11th Cir.1985), cert. denied, 474 U.S. 1058 (1986); Jones v. Niagara Frontier
Transportation Authority, 722 F.2d 20, 23 (2d Cir. 1983)). This is precisely Rune Kraft’s intent
in filing this Motion.
IT IS ORDERED that the Motion to Add Rune Kraft as Defendant (Doc. 135) is denied.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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