Thymes v. Verizon Wireless, Inc. et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER by District Judge Kenneth J. Gonzales denying 83 "Notice of Motion and Motion for Reconsideration of Order Denying Motion for Recusal of Trial Judge Kenneth Gonzales for Cause Denying Apperances on the Record which Invites Corruption, Boycott and Stay of Trial Judge Orders Pending Appeal if Necessary (Doc. 58, 73)"; and denying the parties' respective requests for an award of attorneys fees and/or costs. (tah)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
CARL GENE THYMES,
Civ. No. 16-66 KG/WPL
VERIZON WIRELESS, INC.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter comes before the Court upon pro se Plaintiff’s “Notice of Motion and Motion
for Reconsideration of Order Denying Motion for Recusal of Trial Judge Kenneth Gonzales for
Cause Denying Apperances on the Record which Invites Corruption, Boycott and Stay of Trial
Judge Orders Pending Appeal if Necessary (Doc. 58, 73)” (Motion for Reconsideration), filed on
December 30, 2016. (Doc. 83). Defendant filed a response on January 13, 2017, and Plaintiff
filed a reply on January 17, 2017. (Docs. 93 and 97). Defendant and Plaintiff each seek an
award of attorney’s fees and/or costs should they prevail on this Motion for Reconsideration.
Having reviewed the Motion for Reconsideration and the accompanying briefing, the Court
denies the Motion for Reconsideration, denies Plaintiff’s request for a stay of proceedings
pending an appeal of this matter, and denies the parties’ respective requests for an award of
attorney’s fees and/or costs.
Plaintiff moves under Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b) for the Court to reconsider its December 16,
2016, Memorandum Opinion and Order which denied Plaintiff’s “Motion for Recusal of Trial
Judge for Failure to Address Plaintiff Need for Hearing on the Record when Malfeasance of the
Defendants are Alleged” (Motion for Recusal), (Doc. 58). (Doc. 73). Plaintiff moved to recuse
me from this case, because I have not held hearings on motions. Plaintiff argued that holding
hearings is necessary to ensure Defendant does not tamper with the Court’s rulings and orders. I
determined that Plaintiff failed to carry his heavy burden of showing that a recusal under 28
U.S.C. § 455(a) was appropriate. In making that determination, I specifically found that “a
reasonable, well-informed, and objective observer would not find a factual basis to question my
partiality in not holding hearings on motions filed in this case.” (Doc. 73) at 3. Factors I
considered in my decision included (1) “Plaintiff’s speculative assertion that Defendant tampered
with the Court’s rulings,” (2) the fact that the Court had not yet found good cause to deviate from
D.N.M. LR-Cv 7.6(a) which provides that the Court decide a “motion on the briefs unless the
Court sets oral argument,” and (3) the legal principle that courtroom administrative decisions,
like deciding motions on the briefs, does not provide a ground for recusal. Id. at 2-3.
Plaintiff moves the Court to reconsider its denial of the Motion for Recusal based on his
continued belief that the Court must hold hearings on motions in order to ensure that Defendant
does not tamper with the Court’s orders and rulings. If the Court denies the Motion for
Reconsideration, Plaintiff requests that the Court stay all proceedings while he appeals the
matter. Plaintiff also seeks an award of costs should he prevail on the Motion for
Reconsideration while Defendant seeks an award of attorney’s fees and costs should the Court
deny the Motion for Reconsideration.
1. Whether to Reconsider the Court’s December 16, 2016, Memorandum Opinion and
As an initial matter, Rule 60 only applies to final orders or judgments which adjudicate
all claims. Raytheon Constructors, Inc. v. ASARCO, Inc., 368 F.3d 1214, 1217 (10th Cir. 2003)
(holding that Rule 60(b) applies “to final orders or judgments” which adjudicate all rights and
liabilities of all parties). In this case, the December 16, 2016, Memorandum Opinion and Order
only addresses the issue of recusal and, therefore, does not adjudicate any of Plaintiff’s claims.
Hence, the denial of the Motion for Recusal is not a final order or judgment, but is, instead, an
interlocutory order. That being the case, Rule 60 does not apply to the Motion for
As a motion to reconsider an interlocutory order, Plaintiff’s Motion for Reconsideration
“invoke[es] the district court’s general discretionary authority to review and revise interlocutory
rulings prior to entry of final judgment.” Wagoner v. Wagoner, 938 F.2d 1120, 1122 n. 1 (10th
Cir.1991). The Tenth Circuit has analyzed motions to reconsider interlocutory orders, like this
one, under Fed. R. Civ. R. 54(b)1 and looked to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) for guidance in deciding
those motions. Ankeney v. Zavaras, 524 Fed. Appx. 454, 458 (10th Cir. 2013) (stating that in
considering Rule 54(b) motion to reconsider, “court may look to the standard used to review a
motion made pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 59(e).”).
A Rule 59(e) movant carries the burden of demonstrating that the Court should alter or
amend a judgment. See, e.g., Winchester v. Wilkinson, 2015 WL 2412175, at *2 (E.D. Okla.)
(“court finds petitioner has failed to meet his burden for relief under Fed.R.Civ.P. 59(e).”). Rule
59(e) relief is appropriate if there is new controlling law, new evidence not available previously,
or a “need to correct clear error or prevent manifest injustice.” Ankeney, 524 Fed. Appx. at 458
(quoting Servants of the Paraclete v. Does, 204 F.3d 1005, 1012 (10th Cir. 2000)). The Tenth
Circuit has defined clear error as “an arbitrary, capricious, whimsical, or manifestly unreasonable
Rule 54(b) states: “any order or other decision, however designated, that adjudicates fewer than
all the claims or the rights and liabilities of fewer than all the parties does not end the action as to
any of the claims or parties and may be revised at any time before the entry of a judgment
adjudicating all the claims and all the parties’ rights and liabilities.”
judgment.” Wright ex rel. Trust Co. of Kan. v. Abbott Labs., Inc., 259 F.3d 1226, 1236 (10th Cir.
2001). Although the Tenth Circuit has not precisely defined “manifest injustice” within the
meaning of Rule 59(e), that term is commonly defined as “[a] direct, obvious, and observable
error in a trial court ....” Black’s Law Dictionary (10th ed. 2014). Furthermore, Rule 59(e) does
not allow a losing party to “revisit issues already addressed or advance arguments that could
have been raised in prior briefing.” Servants of the Paraclete, 204 F.3d at 1012.
Here, Plaintiff has not presented any new controlling law or new evidence upon which to
base his Motion for Reconsideration. Instead, Plaintiff revisits the same argument he made
previously, i.e., that the Court must hold hearings on motions so that Plaintiff can be sure that
Defendant is not tampering with the Court’s rulings and orders. Moreover, Plaintiff has not
convinced the Court that its reasoning for denying the Motion for Recusal rises to the level of
clear error or manifest injustice. Plaintiff simply has not carried his burden of demonstrating that
the Court should reconsider its December 16, 2016, Memorandum Opinion and Order. The
Court, therefore, denies Plaintiff’s request to reconsider that Memorandum Opinion and Order.
2. Whether to Stay Proceedings While Plaintiff Appeals this Matter
Because the Court has decided to deny Plaintiff’s request to reconsider its denial of the
Motion for Recusal, Plaintiff seeks to stay the case pending an appeal of this matter. The Court
considers the following four factors when considering a motion to stay pending appeal:
(1) whether the stay applicant has made a strong showing that he is likely to succeed on
the merits; (2) whether the applicant will be irreparably injured absent a stay; (3) whether
issuance of the stay will substantially injure the other parties interested in the proceeding;
and (4) where the public interest lies.
Hilton v. Braunskill, 481 U.S. 770, 776 (1987). The Court addresses each of these factors in
First, for the reasons set forth in the December 16, 2016, Memorandum Opinion and
Order, Plaintiff’s unsubstantiated argument that hearings on motions are necessary to prevent
Defendant from tampering with Court orders and rulings does not reasonably question the
Court’s impartiality in this matter. 28 U.S.C. § 455(a) (judge “shall disqualify himself in any
proceeding in which his impartiality might reasonably be questioned.”). Consequently, Plaintiff
has not made a strong showing that upon appeal he is likely to succeed on the merits of his
Motion for Recusal. Second, there is no factual basis to believe that the Court’s impartiality
might reasonably be questioned or that Defendant is actually tampering with orders and rulings.
Therefore, Plaintiff has not shown he will be irreparably harmed absent a stay of proceedings
pending an appeal of the order denying the Motion for Recusal. Third, issuance of a stay would
substantially injure Defendant by delaying litigation of the case on the merits. And, fourth, an
appeal likely would be unsuccessful. Thus, the public interest lies in denying Plaintiff’s request
for a stay in order to expeditiously resolve this case so that the Court can attend to other cases on
its busy docket. Considering all of the above factors, the Court denies any stay of proceedings
pending an appeal of the Court’s denial of the Motion for Recusal.
3. Whether to Award Attorney’s Fees and/or Costs
Since the Court denied the Motion for Reconsideration, Plaintiff is obviously not entitled
to any award of costs. Defendant, as the prevailing party on the Motion for Reconsideration,
moves for an award of attorney’s fees and costs under 28 U.S.C. § 1927.
Section 1927 states:
Any attorney or other person admitted to conduct cases in any court of the United States
or any Territory thereof who so multiplies the proceedings in any case unreasonably and
vexatiously may be required by the court to satisfy personally the excess costs, expenses,
and attorneys’ fees reasonably incurred because of such conduct.
Emphasis added. Section 1927, however, does not apply to pro se litigants, like Plaintiff, and “is
available against only attorneys….” Steinert v. Winn Grp., Inc., 440 F.3d 1214, 1222 (10th Cir.
2006). For this reason, the Court denies Defendant’s request for an award of attorney’s fees and
IT IS ORDERED that
1. “Notice of Motion and Motion for Reconsideration of Order Denying Motion for
Recusal of Trial Judge Kenneth Gonzales for Cause Denying Apperances on the Record which
Invites Corruption, Boycott and Stay of Trial Judge Orders Pending Appeal if Necessary (Doc.
58, 73)” (Doc. 83) is denied; and
2. the parties’ respective requests for an award of attorney’s fees and/or costs are denied.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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