Archuleta v. United States of America
ORDER by District Judge Judith C. Herrera Adopting 17 Report and Recommendations, denying 1 Motion Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to Vacate Sentence with prejudice and denying a Certificate of Appealability. (baw)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
CR 13-3143 JCH
CV 16-967 JCH/GJF
RICHARD A. ARCHULETA,
ORDER ADOPTING PROPOSED FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDED DISPOSITION
THIS MATTER is before the Court on review of the record. On August 26, 2016,
Defendant-Movant Richard A. Archuleta (“Defendant”) filed his “Motion Under 28 U.S.C. §
2255 to Vacate Sentence” (“Motion”). CV Doc. 1. The Government responded [CV Doc. 13]
and Defendant replied. CV Doc. 16. Magistrate Judge Gregory Fouratt filed his Proposed
Findings and Recommended Disposition (“PFRD”) on June 28, 2017, recommending that the
Motion be denied as Defendant had waived as part of his plea agreement the right to collaterally
attack his conviction or sentence.
CV Doc. 17.
On its final page, the PFRD cautioned
Defendant about the affirmative obligation to file objections to the PFRD within 14 days in order
to preserve his right to further review. Id. at 25 (stating in bold-face that a “party must file any
objections with the Clerk of the District Court within the fourteen-day period of that party wants
to have appellate review of the proposed findings and recommended disposition.
objections are filed, no appellate review will be allowed.”).1
1 The Court has confirmed that the PFRD was served on Defendant via first-class mail at Tucson USP. See
CV Doc. 17 (notice of electronic filing indicating that PFRD was mailed to Richard A. Archuleta, #78389-051, USP
Tucson, P.O. Box 24550, Tucson, AZ 85734). The Court has further confirmed via the Bureau of Prisons’ inmate
locator website that Defendant remains in custody at Tucson USP. Consequently, in the absence of any information
to the contrary, the Court concludes that Defendant was properly served with the PFRD.
Because the PFRD was filed on June 28, 2017, Defendant had until July 12, 2017, by
which to file his objections. Even as of the date of this Order, however, well in excess of the 14day limitation, Defendant has failed to comply. The Tenth Circuit has held “that a party’s
objections to the magistrate judge’s report and recommendation must be both timely and specific
to preserve an issue for de novo review by the district court or for appellate review.” United
States v. One Parcel of Real Property, With Buildings, Appurtenances, Improvements, and
Contents, Known As: 2121 East 30th Street, Tulsa Okla., 73 F.3d 1057, 1059 (10th Cir. 1996).
The Tenth Circuit, “like numerous other circuits, [has] adopted ‘a firm waiver rule’ that
‘provides that the failure to make timely objections to the magistrate’s findings or
recommendations waives appellate review of both factual and legal questions.’” Id. at 1059
The Court has carefully reviewed the PFRD and the underlying briefing. The Court did
not review the PFRD de novo, however, because neither party objected thereto. Rather, the
Court reviewed Magistrate Judge Fouratt’s findings and recommendations to determine if they
are clearly erroneous, arbitrary, contrary to law, or an abuse of discretion. The Court determines
that they are not. Accordingly, the Court will adopt the PFRD in its entirety.
In addition to adopting the PFRD, enforcing the collateral attack waiver, and denying the
instant motion with prejudice, the Court also will deny a certificate of appealability. See Rule
11(a), Rules Governing Section 2255 Proceedings for the United States District Courts (2017). It
is well-established that “[f]ailure of a [party] to object to a magistrate judge’s recommendations
results in a waiver of appellate review.” Fottler v. United States, 73 F.3d 1064, 1065 (10th Cir.
1996). Defendant’s status as a pro se litigant does not excuse his failure to comply because he
was “properly informed of the consequences of his failure to object.” Id.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that the PFRD is ADOPTED, the Motion is DENIED
WITH PREJUDICE, and a certificate of appealability is DENIED.
THE HONORABLE JUDITH C. HERRERA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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