Amaro v. State of New Mexico
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER by District Judge Kenneth J. Gonzales denying 33 Plaintiff's Motion for Reconsideration. (tah)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
PEDRO J. AMARO,
No. CV 16-00993 KG/JHR
STATE OF NEW MEXICO, et al.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
DENYING MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION
THIS MATTER is before the Court on the Motion for Reconsideration filed by Plaintiff
Pedro J. Amaro on October 2, 2017 (Doc. 33). The Court will deny Amaro’s request for
Plaintiff Amaro filed his Civil Rights Complaint Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and 1988,
and 28 U.S.C. § 1331 and 1343(3) on September 2, 2016 (“Complaint”). (Doc. 1). Amaro’s
Complaint alleged numerous instances and/or multiple episodes of carbon monoxide
exposure/poisoning of prisoners confined at Guadalupe County Correctional Facility dating as
far back as 2007. (Doc. 1 at 17, ¶ 84). Amaro’s Complaint sought wide-ranging relief, including
injunctive relief “against the actual conditions of the plants’ inherently flawed architectural
design and faulty construction at all private ‘for-profit’ prison facilities operating in New
Mexico,” declaratory relief “mandating structural alterations of the prisons’ structural flaws”,
“legal termination and/or dissolution of all State contracts with all private ‘for-profit’ prison
companies operating in New Mexico,” and compensatory, punitive, and hedonic damages.”
(Doc. 1-1 at 12-14). Documentation provided by Amaro did not provide factual support for his
allegations of “numerous instances and/or multiple episodes of Carbon Monoxide
exposure/poisoning of State Prisoners . . .as far back as 2007.” (Doc. 1 at 17, ¶ 84).
The Court dismissed all claims alleged in Amaro’s Complaint and entered Judgment on
September 15, 2017.
(Doc. 27, 28).
The Court concluded that, using the 28 U.S.C. §
1915(e)(2)(B) standard, the allegations of Amaro’s Complaint failed to state any plausible claim
for relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Doc. 27 at 4-9) Further, even if the allegations did state a
claim for relief under either § 1983 or the New Mexico Tort Claims Act, all of his claims are
barred by the applicable statutes of limitations. (Doc. 27 at 9-12).
Plaintiff Amaro filed his Motion for Reconsideration of the Court’s dismissal on October
2, 2017. (Doc. 33). On October 10, 2017, Amaro also filed a Notice of Appeal, appealing the
Court’s ruling to the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals. (Doc 34). Because Amaro’s Motion for
Reconsideration was filed within twenty-eight days after entry of Judgment, the Court will treat
the Motion for Reconsideration as a timely motion to alter or amend judgment under Fed.R.Civ.
Grounds warranting a motion to reconsider under Rule 59(e) include (1) an intervening
change in the controlling law, (2) new evidence previously unavailable, and (3) the need to
correct clear error or prevent manifest injustice. See Brumark Corp. v. Samson Resources Corp.,
57 F.3d 941, 948 (10th Cir.1995). A motion for reconsideration is proper where the court has
clearly misapprehended the facts, a party's position, or the controlling law, but is not appropriate
to revisit issues already addressed in prior filings. See Van Skiver v. United States, 952 F.2d
1241, 1243 (10th Cir.1991); Servants of Paraclete v. Does, 204 F.3d 1005, 1012 (10th Cir.
Amaro does not rely on any intervening change in the controlling law or new evidence
that was previously unavailable. Instead, he appears to argue that reconsideration should be
granted to correct clear error or prevent manifest injustice.
See Doc. 33 at 1 (asserting
“erroneous interpretation of the facts alleged by Plaintiff Amaro” and “grave misunderstanding
of the action”). In his Motion, Amaro seeks reconsideration on two grounds: (1) that the Court’s
Memorandum Opinion and Order dismissing his case is inconsistent with the Court’s prior
orders and determinations; and (2) that the running of the statute of limitations on his claims was
tolled by the exhaustion requirement of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (“PLRA”). (Doc. 33 at
1). Neither of Amaro’s arguments afford him a basis for relief under Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e).
Amaro’s first argument rests on a misunderstanding of the PLRA. First, Amaro contends
that 28 U.S.C. § 1915A requires that the Court perform a screening of the complaint prior to
docketing and speculates that because the Court docketed his Complaint, the Court must have
made a determination that the complaint was not subject to dismissal.
(Doc. 33 at 1-2.
However, § 1915A provides that “[t]he court shall review, before docketing, if feasible . . .a
complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner seeks redress.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a) (emphasis
added). The PLRA does not require the Court to determine whether it will dismiss a prisoner
complaint prior to docketing. To the contrary, the statute provides that “the court shall dismiss
the case at any time if the court determines that . . .the action . . .fails to state a claim on which
relief may be granted.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) (emphasis added).
Amaro also claims, without authority, that in order to proceed in forma pauperis, “the
petitioner must satisfy the court that at least one claim in the petition is not frivolous.” He
contends that, since the Court granted his application to proceed in forma pauperis, the Court
must again, have found that his claims are not subject to dismissal. (Doc. 33 at 2). In ruling on
an application to proceed in forma pauperis under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 the Court must make a
determination “that the person is unable to pay such fees or give security therefor.” 28 U.S.C. §
1915(a)(1). When the Court grants in forma pauperis status, it only determines a prisoner’s
financial inability to pay fees or costs and does not pass upon the merits of the prisoner’s claims.
The Court’s dismissal on the grounds that Amaro’s Complaint fails to state a claim for relief
was not inconsistent with the Court’s docketing of the case, granting of in forma pauperis status,
or any other prior decision, and is required by § 1915(e)(2).
Second, Plaintiff Amaro seeks reconsideration on the grounds that his claims should not
be time-barred because he was required to exhaust his prison grievance remedies prior to
bringing suit. (Doc. 33 at 8-9). Amaro argues correctly that the time spent exhausting prison
administrative remedies may toll the running of the statute of limitations for purposes of § 1983.
See Roberts v. Barreras, 484 F.3d 1236, 1240-1242 (10th Cir. 2007).
Amaro selects, without
any actual documentary support, a date of October 2, 2014, as the date on which he exhausted his
prison remedies. (Doc. 33 at 9).1 However, the record shows that the prison grievance system
was exhausted when the New Mexico Department of Corrections denied Amaro’s grievance on
April 8, 2013. (Doc. 1-2 at 11). Even if the running of the statute of limitations was tolled until
April 8, 2013, Amaro’s Complaint still was not filed until August 30, 2016, more than three
years after completion of the grievance process.
Nor does the Notice of Claim filed by Amaro in 2014 serve to toll the running of the
limitations period. (Doc. 1-3 at 16-32). The Notice of Claim is a statutory precondition to the
filing of a tort action under the New Mexico Tort Claims Act, not a part of the prison grievance
Amaro claims to have filed an informal complaint and an inmate grievance in 2014, but, unlike
documentation he provides of his 2013 grievance, he attaches only blank “example” forms.
(Doc. 33 at 7, 26-27).
system. See N.M.Stat.Ann. § 41-4-16 (1978). Even tolling the limitations period until he had
exhausted his prison grievance remedies, Amaro waited more than three years to file his § 1983
action and his claims are time-barred. N.M.Stat.Ann. § 37-1-8 (1978); Varnell v. Dora Consol.
Sch. Dist., 756 F.3d 1208, 1212 (10th Cir. 2014).
Moreover, although Amaro requests reconsideration of the Court’s conclusion that his
claims are time-barred, he does not contest the Court’s determination that his Complaint fails to
state a § 1983 claim for relief. Even if Amaro’s claims were not time-barred, as the Court
concluded in its Memorandum Opinion and Order, Amaro’s Complaint fails to state a plausible
claim against any individual official or entity. (Doc. 27 at 4-9).
In his Complaint, Plaintiff Amaro makes only generalized allegations against countless
“Unknown/Unidentified John and Jane Doe” Defendants.
Plaintiff Amaro’s generalized
allegations against Unknown and Unidentified or John/Jane Doe defendants are factually
insufficient to state a claim. Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007); Ashcroft
v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 676 (2009); Robbins v. Oklahoma, 519 F.3d 1242, 1249-50 (10th Cir.
2008). To the extent Amaro identifies specific individual officials, he makes almost no factual
allegations of any act or omission by any individual defendant, nor does he allege how the acts of
any individual constituted a deprivation of a right secured by the Constitution. He similarly fails
to allege facts showing that any supervisor acted knowingly or with ‘deliberate indifference’ that
a constitutional violation would occur.” Serna v. Colorado Dept. of Corrections, 455 F.3d 1146,
1151, 1154 (10th Cir. 2006); Dodds v. Richardson, 614 F.3d 1185, 1194–96 (10th Cir. 2010).
The allegations of Amaro’s Complaint are insufficient to state any plausible § 1983 claim against
any named individual official. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 676; Robbins v. Oklahoma, 519 F.3d
at 1249-50. Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570.
Plaintiff Amaro does not establish any basis for the Court to reconsider its ruling under
Rule 59(e). The Court properly dismissed Amaro’s Complaint as mandated by 28 U.S.C. §
1915(e) and Amaro has not shown any need to correct clear error or prevent manifest injustice.
See Brumark Corp. v. Samson Resources Corp., 57 F.3d 941, 948 (10th Cir.1995). Amaro’s
Motion for Reconsideration will be denied.
IT IS ORDERED that the Motion for Reconsideration filed by Plaintiff Pedro J. Amaro
on October 2, 2017 (Doc. 33) is DENIED.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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