Ross et al v. Balderas et al
ORDER by Magistrate Judge Stephan M. Vidmar GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART 289 Plaintiff Andrew Ross's Motion for Protective Order. (sg)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
ANDREW ROSS and SUSAN GERARD,
No. 16-cv-1121 PJK/SMV
HECTOR BALDERAS, JR., ROBERT GARCIA,
SARAH MICHAEL SINGLETON,
FRANCIS J. MATHEW, RAYMOND Z. ORTIZ,
DAVID K. THOMPSON, JENNIFER ATTREP,
T. GLENN ELLINGTON, SYLVIA LAMAR,
DONITA OLYMPIA SENA,
DONNA BEVACQUA-YOUNG, PAT CASADOS,
FRANK SEDILLO, WILLIAM PACHECO,
ANTONIO GUTIERREZ, ANNA MONTOYA,
JUDAH BEN MONTANO, JOHN DOES 1–2,
MICHELLE PORTILLO, STEPHEN T. PACHECO,
JANE GAGNE, JOYCE BUSTOS, LYNN PICKARD,
PAMELA REYNOLDS, ROBIN MARTINEZ,
ROBERT RICHARDS, BRENDA WALL,
AUDREY MONTOYA, ALLSTATE INSURANCE, INC.,
A. ARROYO, and E. MONTIJO,
PAMELA REYNOLDS and ROBERT RICHARDS,
ANDREW ROSS and SUSAN GERARD,
ORDER GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART
PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER
THIS MATTER is before the Court on Plaintiff Andrew Ross’s (“Plaintiff’s”) Motion for
Protective Order, filed on November 16, 2017 [Doc. 289].
Defendant Robert Richards
(“Defendant”) filed a response on November 17, 2017 [Doc. 290] and an amended response on
November 18, 2017 [Doc. 292]. On November 20, 2017, Plaintiff filed a supplement to his
Defendant responded to the supplement on November 22, 2017.
[Doc. 294]. Having considered the briefing, the relevant portions of the record, and the relevant
law,1 and being otherwise fully advised in the premises, the Court will GRANT IN PART AND
DENY IN PART Plaintiff’s Motion for Protective Order.
On October 2, 2017, the Honorable Paul J. Kelly, Jr., United States Circuit Judge, who is
presiding in this case, entered a First Amended Final Judgment on Attorney’s Fees. [Doc. 269].
He awarded Defendant Robert Richards attorney’s fees in the amount of $5,415.63, half from
Plaintiffs Andrew Ross and Susan Gerard and half from their counsel. Id. at 2–3. Plaintiff has
not paid his portion of the fees. On November 13, 2017, Defendant filed a notice to take
The deposition has been set for January 9, 2018,
at 10:00 a.m. Id.; [Doc. 299]. Plaintiff filed the instant motion for a protective order pursuant to
Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c). [Doc. 289]. Plaintiff alleges that the deposition “is being scheduled for
The Court set a telephonic hearing on the motion for December 4, 2017. Shortly into Plaintiff’s oral argument, the
Court attempted to question him on the motion. Plaintiff ignored the Court. The Court repeatedly attempted to
interject questions. Plaintiff ignored the Court’s attempts to speak, repeatedly talked over the Court, and accused the
Court of being complicit in the felony murder of his former wife. Unable to proceed, the Court continued the
hearing. Upon further reflection, no hearing is necessary because the motion can be decided on the briefs.
See D.N.M.LR-Civ. 7.6(a).
the sole reason of harassment.” Id. at 1. Defendant argues that Plaintiff has provided “no legal,
rational, or cognizable basis for the Court to issue a protective order.” [Doc. 292] at 2.
Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 69(a)(2), “[i]n aid of the judgment or execution, the judgment
creditor . . . whose interest appears of record may obtain discovery from any person—including
the judgment debtor—as provided in these rules or by the procedure of the state where the court
is located.” This includes the use of depositions. Fed. R. Civ. P. 30(a)(1); Abbasid, Inc. v.
Los Alamos Nat’l Bank, 2010 WL 11493334, at *2 (D.N.M. Nov. 22, 2010) (unpublished)
(“Thus, all methods of discovery commonly available in civil proceedings may be utilized by a
judgment creditor to secure information necessary to assist in executing the judgment.”).
Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(1), a party from whom discovery is sought may move for a
protective order. And “[t]he court may, for good cause, issue an order to protect a party or
person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense . . . .” Id. A
protective order may, among other things, “forbid inquiry into certain matters, or limit the
scope of disclosure or discovery to certain matters.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(1)(D). If a motion for
a protective order is “wholly or partly denied, the court may, on just terms, order that any party
or person provide or permit discovery.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(2).
The party seeking the
protective order bears the burden of showing good cause for the protective order. See Velasquez
v. Frontier Med. Inc., 229 F.R.D. 197, 200 (D.N.M. 2005). “To establish good cause, that party
must submit ‘a particular and specific demonstration of fact, as distinguished from stereotyped
and conclusory statements.’” Layne Christensen Co. v. Purolite Co., 271 F.R.D. 240, 244
(D. Kan. 2010) (quoting Gulf Oil Co. v. Bernard, 452 U.S. 89, 102 n.16 (1981)).
The Court finds that Defendant is entitled to depose Plaintiff and that Plaintiff has failed
to show good cause for the protective order. Plaintiff alleges that the sole purpose of the
deposition is to harass him, but he fails to allege any facts showing how the deposition amounts
to harassment. He does not contend that Defendant failed to provide sufficient notice of the
deposition. Nor does he suggest that the deposition was set for an unreasonable time or duration.
He does not allege that he would incur any undue burden or expense in attending the deposition.
The “harassment” that Plaintiff alleges in his motion is wholly untethered to a party’s deposition
of an opposing party in aid of execution of a monetary judgment. 2
The Court will deny
Plaintiff’s request for a protective order and will allow the deposition to proceed.
The Court will, however, limit the scope of the deposition in two respects. Defendant
may not require Plaintiff to bring “[a]ll documents showing restitution made to the
Massachusetts Board of Overseers and evidence of eligibility for re-admission to the
Massachusetts Bar.” See [Doc. 287] at 4; [Doc. 299] at 4. Nor may Defendant require Plaintiff
to bring to the deposition “[a]ll suicide notes of Susan Gerard’s of whatever nature.” See id.
Such materials exceed the scope of discovery “[i]n aid of the judgment or execution.” Fed. R.
Civ. P. 69(a)(2). Furthermore, Defendant may not inquire into those matters during the
Plaintiff alleges, for example, that “Robert Richards and his client Brenda Wall . . . have committed felony murder
of Plaintiff’s wife, Susan Gerard.” [Doc. 289] at 1. They “have committed extortion both on the federal and state
level against Plaintiff Andrew Ross and his deceased wife, Susan Gerard.” Id. The allegations, which he has made
elsewhere, provide no basis for granting the relief he seeks here.
In his response to the motion, Defendant additionally requests that the Court “bar Ross from filing pleadings
without first obtaining the Court’s permission to file, and order Ross to submit to a neuropsychological examination
by a suitably licensed or certified examiner.” [Doc. 292] at 4. The Court will deny these additional requests.
Judge Kelly has already cautioned Plaintiff against unnecessary filings. See [Doc. 251] at 2 (“Plaintiff Ross is
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that Plaintiff’s
Motion for Protective Order is GRANTED IN PART and DENIED IN PART. It is granted to
the extent that Defendant may not require Plaintiff to bring to the deposition the documents
specified in the preceding paragraph and may not question Plaintiff on those matters. It is denied
in all other respects. Plaintiff is cautioned that his failure to appear for the deposition could
result in sanctions being imposed against him, including contempt of court. See Fed. R. Civ. P.
37(d)(1)(A)(i) (court may order sanctions where a party “fails, after being served with proper
notice, to appear for that person’s deposition”); O’Connor v. Midwest Pipe Fabrications, Inc.,
972 F.2d 1204, 1210 (10th Cir. 1992).
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 37(a)(5), no expenses
will be awarded.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
STEPHAN M. VIDMAR
United States Magistrate Judge
advised that this court will not tolerate filings that are frivolous or otherwise constitute an abuse of the judicial
process.”). And the Court will not require Plaintiff to submit to an examination pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 35(a)(1).
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