Brown v. Crowley et al
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE by Chief Magistrate Judge Karen B. Molzen. Show Cause Response due by 8/28/2017. (KBM)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
CIV 17-0767 KBM/KK
PETER CROWLEY, HOLLY AGAJANIAN,
DYLAN O’REILLY, RANNE B. MILLER,
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE
THIS MATTER comes before the Court sua sponte.
On July 27, 2017, the Honorable Kirtan Khalsa ordered the Clerk of the Court to unseal this
case filed by Plaintiff James Brown. Doc. 6. Having now reviewed the Complaint, the Court has
serious concerns about whether this case can be heard in federal court. See Davis ex rel. Davis v.
U.S., 343 F.3d 1282, 1295 (10th Cir. 2003) (“[T]he district court . . . can sua sponte question subject
matter jurisdiction. . . .”). Unlike the state district court in New Mexico, “[f]ederal courts are courts
of limited jurisdiction.” Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am., 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994). The
federal court may only preside in instances where: (1) the parties’ citizenship is diverse and the
amount in controversy exceeds $75,000; or (2) the face of the complaint raises a federal question. See
28 U.S.C. §§ 1331, 1332; Karnes v. Boeing Co., 335 F.3d 1189, 1192 (10th Cir. 2003) (federal
jurisdiction must be evident from the face of the complaint).
Although Plaintiff checked the “Diversity” box on the Civil Cover Sheet as a basis for
jurisdiction, the Complaint is devoid of any allegations regarding the citizenship of parties. See
Doc. 1. Moreover, the Complaint’s conclusory allegations (“trespass” via a “forged instrument” by
the alleged “wrongdoers”) fail to provide the Court with any factual allegations sufficient to identify
a viable cause of action over which this Court would have jurisdiction. “[T]o withstand a motion to
dismiss, a complaint must contain enough allegations of fact ‘to state a claim to relief that is
plausible on its face.’” Robbins v. Oklahoma, 519 F.3d 1242, 1247 (10th Cir. 2008) (quoting Bell Atl.
Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 569 (2007)). Plaintiff James Brown, who identifies himself as “I: a
man; prosecutor,” has filed a pleading so lacking in factual allegations that it fails to satisfy this most
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff James Brown file a document with the Court no
later than Monday, August 28, 2017 showing cause why this action should not be dismissed for lack
of jurisdiction. James Brown is cautioned that failure to so respond by that deadline will likely result
in dismissal of this action.
UNITED STATES CHIEF MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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