Salazar v. State of New Mexico et al
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE by Magistrate Judge Kevin R. Sweazea. Show Cause Response due by 12/8/2017. (sls)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
No. 1:17-cv-01078 MCA/KRS
STATE OF NEW MEXICO,
NEW MEXICO CORRECTIONS DEPARTMENT,
NORTHEASTERN NEW MEXICO DETENTION CENTER,
GEO-CORP., CORIZON, AND DR. MARK E. WALDEN,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE
Before the Court is Plaintiff’s civil rights complaint (Doc. 1). Plaintiff is incarcerated,
appears pro se, and is proceeding in forma pauperis. He alleges claims arising out of sexual
assault by prison healthcare provider Dr. Mark Walden. After reviewing the complaint sua sponte
under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) and Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), the Court will require Plaintiff to show
cause why the complaint should not be dismissed as untimely.
Plaintiff brings his claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, which is the proper vehicle for raising a
constitutional violation. See Brown v. Buhman, 822 F.3d 1151, 1161 n. 9 (10th Cir. 2016)
(Section 1983 is the “remedial vehicle for raising claims based on the violation of constitutional
rights”). Civil rights claims arising in New Mexico under § 1983 are governed by the three-year
personal injury statute of limitations contained in N.M.S.A. 1978 § 37-1-8. See Varnell v. Dora
Consolidated School District, 756 F.3d 1208, 1212 (10th Cir. 2014) (“for § 1983 claims arising in
New Mexico the limitations period is three years, as provided in New Mexico’s statute of
limitations for personal-injury claims”). The statute of limitations commences as soon as the
plaintiff has been apprised of the general nature of the injury. Wallace v. Kato, 549 U.S. 384, 391
(2007); Harvey v. United States, 685 F.3d 939, 949 (10th Cir. 2012). Unfortunately, the nature
and extent of the injury is not relevant to the analysis. Id.
When the allegations suggest an action is time barred, the Court may raise the statute of
limitations sua sponte and provide plaintiff an opportunity to respond. Vasquez Arroyo v. Starks,
589 F.3d 1091, 1094 (10th Cir. 2009) (“[A] district court may not sua sponte dismiss a prisoner’s §
1983 action on the basis of the statute of limitations unless it is clear from the face of the complaint
that there are no meritorious tolling issues, or the court has provided the plaintiff notice and an
opportunity to be heard on the issue.”). In this case, Plaintiff alleges the wrongdoing occurred on
October 18, 2011, over six (6) years before he filed the complaint. (Doc. 1, p. 2). It appears the
statute of limitations expired in 2014. Plaintiff’s exhibits appear to demonstrate that he filed an
Inmate Grievance that year which may, under some circumstances, toll the applicable unexpired
statute of limitations pending its resolution. See Roberts v. Barreras, 484 F.3d 1236, 1238 (10th
Cir.2007) (“[T]he filing of a mandatory administrative grievance tolls the statute of limitations for
§ 1983 and Bivens claims.”).
However, the exhibits do not demonstrate when the Inmate
Grievance was resolved.
Based on the foregoing, the Court will require Plaintiff to show cause why the complaint
should not be dismissed as time-barred, including addressing any arguments for tolling the statute
of limitations. If Plaintiff fails to timely respond or adequately demonstrate grounds for tolling,
the Court may dismiss this action with prejudice and without further notice.
IT IS, THEREFORE, ORDERED that Plaintiff shall, within thirty (30) days of entry of
this Order, show cause why his complaint should not be dismissed as untimely, including
addressing any arguments for tolling the statute of limitations.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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