Ortega v. New Mexico Legal Aid, Inc. et al
ORDER by Magistrate Judge Kirtan Khalsa granting 2 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis (jdm)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
No. 18cv111 KK
NEW MEXICO LEGAL AID, INC.,
ED MARKS, individually and as
Director of New Mexico Legal Aid, Inc.,
SIEMPRE UNIDOS EN PROGRESO,
a Unit of National Organization of Legal
Services Workers (“NOLSW”)/UAW
Local 2320 International United Auto Workers,
AFL-CIO, DONIS BORKS, individually and
as Union Organizer, GORDON DEANE,
individually and as Union President, and
ALICIA CLARK, individually and as Grievance
Chair for Siempre Unidos en Progreso,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
GRANTING MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS
THIS MATTER comes before the Court on Plaintiff’s Application to Proceed in District
Court Without Prepaying Fees or Costs, Doc. 2, filed February 2, 2018 (“Application”). For the
reasons set forth below, the Court will GRANT Plaintiff’s Application.
Application to Proceed in forma pauperis
The statute for proceedings in forma pauperis, 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a), provides that the
Court may authorize the commencement of any suit without prepayment of fees by a person who
submits an affidavit that includes a statement of all assets the person possesses and that the
person is unable to pay such fees.
When a district court receives an application for leave to proceed in forma
pauperis, it should examine the papers and determine if the requirements of
[28 U.S.C.] § 1915(a) are satisfied. If they are, leave should be granted.
Thereafter, if the court finds that the allegations of poverty are untrue or that the
action is frivolous or malicious, it may dismiss the case[.]
Menefee v. Werholtz, 368 Fed.Appx. 879, 884 (10th Cir. 2010) (citing Ragan v. Cox, 305 F.2d
58, 60 (10th Cir. 1962). “[A]n application to proceed in forma pauperis should be evaluated in
light of the applicant's present financial status.” Scherer v. Kansas, 263 Fed.Appx. 667, 669
(10th Cir. 2008) (citing Holmes v. Hardy, 852 F.2d 151, 153 (5th Cir.1988)). “The statute
[allowing a litigant to proceed in forma pauperis ] was intended for the benefit of those too poor
to pay or give security for costs....” Adkins v. E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co., 335 U.S. 331, 344
(1948). While a litigant need not be “absolutely destitute,” “an affidavit is sufficient which
states that one cannot because of his poverty pay or give security for the costs and still be able to
provide himself and dependents with the necessities of life.” Id. at 339.
The Court will grant Plaintiff’s Application to Proceed in District Court Without
Prepaying Fees or Costs. Plaintiff signed an affidavit declaring that she is unable to pay the costs
of these proceedings and provided the following information: (i) her average monthly income
during the past 12 months was $1,131.35; and (ii) her monthly expenses total $1,133.00. The
Court finds that Plaintiff is unable to pay the filing fee because she signed an affidavit stating
that she is unable to pay the costs of these proceedings, and because her monthly expenses
slightly exceed her low monthly income.
Service on Defendants
Section 1915 provides that the “officers of the court shall issue and serve all process, and
perform all duties in [proceedings in forma pauperis]”). 28 U.S.C. § 1915(d). Rule 4 provides
At the plaintiff’s request, the court may order that service be made by a United
States marshal or deputy marshal or by a person specially appointed by the court.
The court must so order if the plaintiff is authorized to proceed in forma pauperis
under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 or as a seaman under 28 U.S.C. § 1916.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(c)(3).
The Court will not order service of Summons and Complaint on Defendants at this time.
The Court cannot serve process because Plaintiff has not provided the Defendants’ addresses.
The Court will order service if Plaintiff provides the Court with Defendants’ addresses.
IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Application to Proceed in District Court Without
Prepaying Fees or Costs, Doc. 2, filed February 2, 2018, is GRANTED.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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