Coronado v. Paralta et al
FINAL MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER by Sr. District Judge Robert C. Brack DISMISSING 8 Amended Complaint. (yc)
Case 1:18-cv-00205-RB-JFR Document 27 Filed 01/06/21 Page 1 of 5
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
ROBERT NEIL CORONADO,
No. CV 18-00205 RB/CG
MRS. PERALTA, MEDICAL PROVIDER, NURSE;
MR. YOUNG, MEDICAL ADMINISTRATOR;
MR. JIM BREWSTER, COUNSEL FOR DEPARTMENT
MR. JERRY ROARK, DIRECTOR OF PRISONS;
SEDGEWICK CLAIMS, WORKERS COMPENSATION OF
FINAL MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER OF DISMISSAL
THIS MATTER is before the Court under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B),
and Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) on the Amended Complaint for Violation of Civil
Rights filed by Plaintiff, Robert Neil Coronado. (Doc. 8.) The Court previously dismissed the
federal claims in the Amended Complaint for failure to state a claim, declined to exercise
supplemental jurisdiction over any state law claims, and granted Coronado leave to file an
amended complaint. (Doc. 26.) Coronado has failed to file an amended complaint within the 30day deadline set by the Court. The Court will now dismiss all federal claims in the Amended
Complaint with prejudice and will enter final judgment.
Coronado commenced this proceeding by filing a Petition for Writ of Mandamus. (Doc.
1.) In his Petition, Coronado sought a writ from this Court mandating that the New Mexico
Department of Corrections provide him shoulder replacement surgery. (Doc. 1.) He sought leave
to amend his original filing. (Doc. 6.)The Court granted him leave to amend. He then filed a second
Amended Complaint (Doc. 8), which the Court deemed to be the operative complaint in this case.
Case 1:18-cv-00205-RB-JFR Document 27 Filed 01/06/21 Page 2 of 5
(Doc. 26 at 2.) See Predator Int’l, Inc. v. Gamo Outdoor USA, Inc., 793 F.3d 1177, 1180–81 (10th
Coronado filed his Amended Complaint for Violation of Civil Rights on March 16, 2018.
(Doc. 8.) The Amended Complaint named as Defendants Mrs. Peralta, Medical Provider Nurse;
Mr. Young, Medical Administrator; Mr. Jim Brewster, Counsel for Department of Corrections;
and Mr. Jerry Roark, Director of Prisons. (See id. at 1.) Coronado asserted jurisdiction under 42
U.S.C. § 1983. (Id. at 3.) In his prayer for relief, he asked for injunctive relief so that the surgery
would not be delayed, that he not be transferred to segregation or another facility in retaliation for
exercising his constitutional rights, for appointment of counsel, for an evidentiary hearing, and for
nominal, compensatory, and punitive damages. (Id. at 7–8.)
The surgery was performed on April 6, 2018. (Doc. 10 at 1.) Coronado again sought leave
to amend his claims, alleging that he had been advised that Workers Compensation of California
would not approve services to rehabilitate the operative surgery. (See id.) He asked that the Court
direct either the Department of Corrections or Workers Compensation of California to provide
post-surgical care to restore the function in his right arm. (Id. at 2.) In subsequent filings, Coronado
stated that Workers’ Compensation of California are the agents responsible for his medical care,
he referred to his claims as a “tort complaint” (Doc. 13), and he contended that the 2012-2018
delay by the Department of Corrections resulted in a poor outcome and he wanted to hold the
Department of Corrections responsible for his damages. (Doc. 24.)
The Court dismissed the Amended Complaint on November 30, 2020. (Doc. 26.) The Court
concluded that Coronado’s Amended Complaint failed to state any federal claim for relief. To the
extent the Amended Complaint could be construed to assert state law claims, the Court declined
to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over those claims. (Id. at 1, 16–17.)
Case 1:18-cv-00205-RB-JFR Document 27 Filed 01/06/21 Page 3 of 5
The Court dismissed the claims against Peralta on the grounds that the allegations of the
Amended Complaint fail to establish a medical indifference claim against her. (Doc. 26 at 9–11
(citing Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 834 (1994); Self v. Crum, 439 F.3d 1227, 1230–31 (10th
Cir. 2006)).) The allegations do not show that Peralta knew Coronado faced a substantial risk of
harm and disregarded that risk by failing to take reasonable measures to abate it or chose recklessly
to disregard it. Martinez v. Beggs, 563 F.3d 1082, 1089 (10th Cir. 2009); Hunt v. Uphoff, 199 F.3d
1220, 1224 (10th Cir. 1999). Her alleged actions do not demonstrate that she was deliberately
indifferent to the serious medical needs of Coronado. Howard v. Waide, 534 F.3d 1227, 1239–40
(10th Cir.2008). The Complaint does not state a factually plausible claim for § 1983 relief against
Peralta. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007).
The Court also dismissed the claims against Young. (Doc. 26 at 11.) The Complaint and
Amended Complaint do not contain factual allegations as to what actions Young took or how he
acted against the anticipated surgery and is insufficient to provide fair notice as to the basis of the
claim against him. Robbins v. Oklahoma, 519 F.3d 1242, 1249–50 (10th Cir. 2008). Further, even
if Coronado had provided specific allegations against Young, the facts do not show how any act
or omission by Young resulted in a violation of Plaintiff’s constitutional rights. West v. Atkins, 487
U.S. 42, 48 (1988). The Complaint and Amended Complaint fail to state a § 1983 claim against
Young. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 676 (2009).
The Court similarly dismissed the claims against Brewster. The Court concluded that any
claims against Brewster in his official capacity were claims against the State, and there is no
remedy against the State under § 1983. Brown v. Buhman, 822 F.3d 1151, 1161 n.9 (10th Cir.
2016); Will v. Mich. Dep’t of State Police, 491 U.S. 58, 67, 71 (1989); Wood v. Milyard, 414 F.
App’x 103, 105 (10th Cir. 2011). To the extent Coronado sues Brewster in his individual capacity,
Case 1:18-cv-00205-RB-JFR Document 27 Filed 01/06/21 Page 4 of 5
the Amended Complaint also fails to state any § 1983 claim against him because it does not contain
any factual allegations as to any acts or omissions by Brewster, nor does the Complaint state how
any conduct by Brewster, individually, resulted in a violation of Coronado’s constitutional rights.
Fogarty v. Gallegos, 523 F.3d 1147, 1162 (10th Cir. 2008).
Additionally, the Court determined that any official capacity claims against Roark are
claims against the State and cannot be maintained under § 1983. (Doc. 26 at 12 (citing See Will,
491 U.S. at 67, 71).) Further, to the extent Coronado sues him in his individual capacity, the
Complaint does not state a claim for individual § 1983 liability. (Doc. 26 at 12–13.) Coronado’s
generalized allegation that Roark knew of his need for surgery in 2016 does not specify
individualized conduct by Roark nor does it identify how any conduct by Roark resulted in a
violation of Coronado’s constitutional right. See Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 676. Nor do his allegations
show that Roark actually knew Coronado faced a substantial risk of harm and culpably disregarded
that risk. Hunt, 199 F.3d at 1224.
Although not named as a Defendant, Coronado repeatedly makes allegations against the
Department of Corrections and seeks relief against it. (See, e.g., Doc. 24.) The Court also dismissed
any claims against the Department because the claims against it are claims against the State of
New Mexico. (Doc. 26 at 13 (citing Brown v. Buhman, 822 F.3d 1151, 1161 n.9 (10th Cir. 2016);
Will, 491 U.S. at 67, 71; Wood v. Milyard, 414 F. App’x 103, 105 (10th Cir. 2011)).) Last, the
Court determined that it lacked subject matter jurisdiction over Sedgewick Claims or any
California worker’s compensation insurer. See, e.g., Southerland v. Granite State Ins. Co., 12 F.
App’x 712, 716 (10th Cir. 2001). Nor does a private insurer like Sedgewick Claims act under color
of law for purposes of § 1983. (Doc. 26 at 13–15 (citing Lugar v. Edmondson Oil Co., 457 U.S.
922, 937 (1982); Gallagher v. Neil Young Freedom Concert, 49 F.3d 1442, 1447 (10th Cir.
Case 1:18-cv-00205-RB-JFR Document 27 Filed 01/06/21 Page 5 of 5
1995)).) The Complaint and Amended Complaint fail to state a § 1983 claim against any
Defendant. (Doc. 26 at 9–15.)
Coronado also made statements that he is proceeding on a “tort complaint” and that the
actions of some of the Defendants did not meet “standards and practices.” (Doc. 10 at 2.) To the
extent Coronado is attempting to allege state law claims for medical negligence, the Court declined
to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over any state claims absent a viable federal claim for relief
under § 1983. (Doc. 26 at 15–16 (citing Osborn v. Haley, 549 U.S. 225, 245 (2007); Arbaugh v. Y
& H Corp., 546 U.S. 500, 514, (2006)).)
The Court granted Coronado 30 days to file an amended complaint to remedy the defects
in his pleading. (Doc. 26 at 16–17.) Coronado has not filed an amended complaint and has not
communicated with the Court. Therefore, the Court will dismiss all federal claims in this case with
prejudice and will dismiss any state law claims without prejudice to a state court proceeding by
Coronado. See Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1109–10. (10th Cir. 1991); Osborn, 549 U.S. at
IT IS ORDERED that all federal claims in the Amended Complaint filed by Plaintiff
Robert Neil Coronado (Doc. 8) are DISMISSED with prejudice for failure to state a claim on
which relief can be granted and any state law claims are dismissed without prejudice to re-filing
those claims in state court.
ROBERT C. BRACK
SENIOR U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?