WildEarth Guardians v. OXY USA Inc et al
CONSENT DECREE by Magistrate Judge Kirtan Khalsa. (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A, # 2 Exhibit B) (am)
Case 1:22-cv-00797-KK-JHR Document 12 Filed 01/18/23 Page 1 of 24
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
OXY USA, INC. and
OXY USA WTP LP
Case No. 22-cv-797 KK/JHR
CONSENT DECREE AND ORDER
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CONSENT DECREE AND ORDER
WHEREAS, WildEarth Guardians (“Plaintiff”) brought this action (the “Complaint”)
against OXY USA Inc. and OXY USA WTP LP (the “Defendants”) under the federal Clean Air
Act (the “Act”), 42 U.S.C. § 7401, et seq., for declaratory and injunctive relief and assessment of
civil penalties for certain alleged violations of the Act and its implementing regulations at the
Turkey Track Central Tank Battery and Gas Sales Compression Facility (the “Turkey Track
Facility”) located in Eddy County, New Mexico;
WHEREAS, Defendants include the current owner and operator of the Turkey Track
Facility and all owners and operators during the time of the actions alleged by the Plaintiff to
have violated the Act;
WHEREAS, Defendants include the current owner and operator of the Other Covered
WHEREAS, Defendants include the current owner and operator or parent company for
all New Mexico-based oil and gas exploration and production operations conducted by
subsidiaries of Occidental Petroleum Corporation;
WHEREAS, Defendants deny Plaintiff’s allegations and maintain that they have been
and remain in compliance with the Act and are not liable for civil penalties or injunctive relief,
and nothing herein shall constitute an admission of liability;
WHEREAS, the Plaintiff and Defendants (collectively, the “Parties”) desire to settle all
matters by this Consent Decree and avoid the costs, delay, and uncertainty of litigation;
WHEREAS, the Parties desire to mitigate the air quality impacts from past, present, and
future emissions from the Turkey Track Facility and to reduce emissions from the Other Covered
Facilities (as defined below), including through infrastructure and operational improvements;
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WHEREAS, the Parties agree that the settlement of this action through this Consent
Decree without further litigation is in the public interest, and is a fair, reasonable, and
appropriate means of resolving the matter;
WHEREAS, the Parties further anticipate that actions taken by the Defendants, consistent
with this Consent Decree, will result in significant reductions of air pollutant emissions from the
Turkey Track Facility and the Other Covered Facilities;
WHEREAS, the Parties agree that the settlement of this action through this Consent
Decree will resolve all violations alleged and claims for relief sought by the Plaintiffs.
WHEREAS, pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 7604(c)(3) of the Clean Air Act (“Act”), this
Consent Decree is being forwarded to the United States Department of Justice and to the United
States Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”) for the statutorily-mandated forty-five (45)
day review period; and
WHEREAS, the Parties consent to the entry of this Consent Decree without trial of any
NOW, THEREFORE, it is hereby ORDERED AND DECREED as follows:
JURISDICTION, VENUE, AND APPLICABILITY
This Court has jurisdiction over the Parties to and the subject matter of this action
under Section 304 of the Act, 42 U.S.C. § 7604 and under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331.
Venue is proper in this Judicial District under Section 304(c) of the Act, 42
U.S.C. § 7604(c), and under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1391.
Upon the Date of Entry, the provisions of this Consent Decree shall apply to, be
binding upon, and inure to the benefit of the Parties. Further, the specific provisions of this
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Consent Decree applicable to Plaintiff and Defendants respectively, shall apply to and be binding
upon the successors in interest or assigns of Plaintiff and Defendants, respectively.
In the event Defendants propose to sell or transfer, in whole or in part, its legal or
equitable interest in the Turkey Track Facility or any of the Other Covered Facilities before the
termination of this Consent Decree, or if Defendants’ operational responsibilities for the Turkey
Track Facility or any of the Other Covered Facilities are transferred or assigned in whole or in
part before the termination of this Consent Decree (a “Transfer”), Defendants shall notify
Plaintiff of such proposed sale, transfer or assignment, shall advise the proposed purchaser,
successor-in-interest, assignee or transferee of the existence of this Consent Decree, and shall
obtain the purchaser’s, successor-in-interest’s, assignee’s or transferee’s agreement to comply
with the terms hereof that apply to Defendants.
In the event of a Transfer by Defendants, Defendants shall file a motion to modify
this Consent Decree with the Court to make the terms and conditions of this Consent Decree
applicable to the purchaser, successor-in-interest, assignee, or transferee.
Unless otherwise expressly provided herein, terms used in this Consent Decree
that are defined in the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. § 7401, et seq., or regulations implementing the
Clean Air Act, shall have the meaning set forth in the Clean Air Act or those regulations.
Whenever the terms set forth below are used in this Consent Decree, the
following definitions shall apply:
a. “Clean Air Act,” “CAA,” or “Act” means the federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. §§
7401-7671q, and its implementing regulations.
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b. “Date of Entry” shall mean the date this Consent Decree is approved or signed by the
United States District Court Judge.
c. “Date of Lodging” shall mean the date this Consent Decree is filed for lodging with
the Clerk of the Court for the United States District Court for the District of New
d. “Day” shall mean, unless otherwise specified, calendar day.
e. “Excess Emissions” shall have the meaning set forth in 18.104.22.168.D NMAC.
f. “Excess Emissions Event” shall mean any single occurrence of Excess Emissions
from the Turkey Track Facility or Other Covered Facilities.
g. “Parties” shall have the meaning set forth in the recitals.
h. “EPA” shall mean the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
i. “NMED” shall mean the New Mexico Environment Department.
j. “Term” of the Consent Decree shall mean the period of time between the Date of
Lodging and the date the Consent Decree is terminated in accordance with Section
k. “Technologically Equivalent” shall mean: (1) with respect to the AVOID system,
capable of monitoring Defendants’ facilities in an equivalent manner as the AVOID
system detailed in Exhibit A; and (2) with respect to Tankless Facilities, consistent
with a Tankless Facility.
l. “Other Covered Facilities” shall mean Defendants’ facilities identified in Paragraphs
18, 19, 20, and 21 of this Consent Decree.
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m. “AVOID system” means the Auditory, Visual, Olfactory Inspection and Detection
system designed by Defendants to provide real-time, continuous monitoring at
Defendants’ facilities, as further detailed in Exhibit A.
n. “Quarterly Reporting” shall mean four times per year, by March 31, June 30,
September 30, and December 31.
o. “Tankless Facility” shall mean a facility designed and constructed to route oil directly
offsite following the final phase of separation.
p. “Shut-In Practice” shall mean the practices and procedures designed to reduce Excess
Emissions detailed in Paragraph 8.f of this Consent Decree.
q. “GCP-O&G” means NMED’s General Construction Permit for Oil and Gas Facilities
(GCP–Oil & Gas), issued April 27, 2018 and any modifications thereto.
A. Operational Commitments at the Turkey Track Facility
8. Defendants agree to take the following actions to reduce Excess Emissions at the Turkey
a. Within 90 days of the Date of Entry, Defendants shall install its AVOID System or a
Technologically Equivalent system at the Turkey Track Facility. Defendants estimate
the cost of this commitment to be $10,000.
b. Defendants shall operate the AVOID or Technologically Equivalent system for a
minimum period of four years.
c. Once the AVOID or Technologically Equivalent system is operational, Defendants
shall compile the data obtained from its sensors. Defendants shall provide Plaintiff
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access to the compiled information on a quarterly basis, within 30 days of the close of
each quarter, for a minimum period of four years.
d. Defendants shall upgrade the Turkey Track Facility to a Tankless Facility
expeditiously upon receiving an applicable new or modified permit covering the
modified facility, as described in Paragraph 10 below, but no later than December 31,
2022. Defendants estimate the cost of this commitment to be $445,200.
e. Defendants shall construct or cause to be constructed a secondary sales point to
provide redundant pipeline capacity at the Turkey Track Facility to be commenced
within 6 months of the Date of Entry. Defendants estimate the cost of this
commitment to be $100,000.
f. Within 30 days of the Date of Entry, Defendants will implement the following ShutIn Practice at the Turkey Track Facility:
i. Defendants will track whether gas is being routed to potentially flare at the
Turkey Track Facility. The call out center shall send an alarm to the facility
operator when the Gas Sales Scrubber Pressure is high, indicating that flaring will
likely occur if no steps are taken to reduce pressure.
ii. The operator for the Turkey Track Facility will be automatically notified when
gas is routed to flare. The operator will assess and determine the cause of the gas
being routed to flare and determine whether flaring is a transitory event or if it is
likely to continue absent a response from the operator.
iii. Where feasible and safe, the operator will identify and bring additional
compression online to reroute the gas and avoid flaring.
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iv. If additional compression cannot be identified and safely brought online, or where
such additional compression is insufficient to avoid flaring, the operator will
identify such wells serving the Turkey Track Facility with high gas-to-oil ratios.
Wells identified with high gas-to-oil ratios shall be choked back to reduce
production until gas ceases to be routed to flare or such wells are entirely shut-in.
v. While response time is not fixed due to various complexities associated with
individual events, Defendants shall respond expeditiously to evaluate and act on
the high pressure or flaring event. Defendants expect initial response time within
one hour of a high-pressure alarm, with full control of any Excess Emissions
Event expected within 6 hours.
vi. The operator shall determine the appropriate response to any high-pressure alarm
or Excess Emissions Event based primarily on air quality and safety
considerations, not financial considerations.
B. Permitting Commitments at the Turkey Track Facility
Defendants agree to incorporate the modifications required to upgrade the Turkey
Track facility to a Tankless Facility into a modified registration under the GCP-O&G or other
appropriate minor New Source Review authorization or registration. Within 30 days of the Date
of Entry, Defendants shall file the appropriate application with NMED as needed for NMED to
authorize such modifications.
The new or modified permit application will include total facility-wide emission
limits not to exceed the limits included in the draft permit application attached as Exhibit B,
including the following:
VOCs: 54.6 tpy (w/o fugitives), 1,548 lb/hr
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27.3 tpy, 41.2 lb/hr
71.6 tpy, 175.7 lb/hr
4.35 tpy, 75.8 lb/hr
Plaintiff agrees that it shall not bring an administrative or judicial appeal
challenging NMED’s approval of a new or modified GCP-O&G registration or individual minor
source New Source Review permit for the Turkey Track Facility, unless Defendants or NMED
propose permit limits in excess of the limits included in the draft permit application attached as
Defendants agree not to intentionally vent gas to avoid routing gas to flare with
the intent of using the 10 tpy venting authorization allowed under the GCP-O&G to “make up”
for any reductions in allowable facility emissions under the new or modified permit.
In the event that pending litigation in the matter of WildEarth Guardians v.
Environmental Improvement Board, No. A-1-CA-39522 (filed Feb. 19, 2021), results in
modifications to the terms of NMED’s GCP-O&G, Defendants shall comply with any new or
modified permit terms once made applicable to Turkey Track. In the event that Turkey Track’s
existing registrations under NMED’s GCP-O&G ceases to be effective, Defendants shall apply
for a new individual minor source New Source Review air permit for the Turkey Track Facility.
Defendants agree to provide information to Plaintiff on a quarterly basis
regarding any Excess Emissions from the Turkey Track facility required to be reported to NMED
pursuant to 20.2.7 NMAC. These reports shall include, but not be limited to, details regarding the
cause of any Excess Emissions Event, steps taken to limit duration, corrective measures taken,
the point (Emissions Unit No.) at which the Excess Emissions occurred, Excess Emissions Event
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start and end date, and Excess Emissions Event start and end time. Such reporting shall be
sufficient to verify compliance with the Shut-In Practice described in Paragraph 9.a. Quarterly
reports required under this Paragraph 15 shall be due within 30 days of close of each quarter, or
by April 30 (Quarter 1: January 1 – March 31); July 30 (Quarter 2: April 1 – June 30); October
30 (Quarter 2: July 1 – September 30); January 30 (Quarter 4: October 1 – December 31).
Defendants agree to provide information to Plaintiff on an annual basis regarding
all permitted and excess emissions from the Turkey Track facility, including but not limited to all
records required to be kept pursuant to GCP-O&G sections A106.C, A107.D, A108.C, and
A207.B, as applicable, including annual totals of emissions for each individual emissions unit.
Annual reports shall be due within 60 days of the end of each calendar year.
Defendants agree to provide Plaintiff with the quarterly and annual reports
described in Paragraphs 14 and 15 for a period of four years from the Date of Entry.
D. Broader Operational and Permitting Commitments
Defendants agree to convert the following three tank battery facilities to Tankless
Facilities or to make Technologically Equivalent modifications to such facilities by December
RT 19 CTB
Defendants estimate the cost for compliance with the terms of this Paragraph 18 to be $400,000
for each facility, for a total conversion cost of $1,200,000.
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Defendants agree to convert the following seven tank battery facilities to Tankless
Facilities or to make Technologically Equivalent modifications to such facilities by December
Cedar Canyon 28-4 (estimated cost $500,000)
Cedar Canyon 22 CTB (estimated cost $600,000)
Sand Dunes CTB (estimated cost $300,000)
Pure Gold CTB (estimated cost $400,000)
Calmon 35-2 CTB (estimated cost $500,000)
Platinum CTB (estimated cost $500,000)
Silver CTB (estimated cost $500,000)
Defendants’ estimates of the cost for compliance with the terms of this Paragraph 19 for each of
the seven facilities is as listed above, for a total conversion cost of $3,300,000.
Defendants agree to construct the currently-planned Lost 18 CTB facility as a
Tankless Facility. Defendants estimate the cost of the Lost 18 CTB tankless upgrade to be
Defendants agree that any new central tank battery facility constructed or caused
to be constructed in the State of New Mexico by Defendants or their subsidiaries shall be
constructed as Tankless Facilities, or shall construct any such new facility in a manner
Technologically Equivalent to a Tankless Facility.
Defendants agree to apply for modified GCP-O&G registrations or other
appropriate minor NSR authorization or registration incorporating the modifications required to
upgrade the facilities referenced in Paragraphs 17 and 18 to Tankless Facilities.
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Plaintiff agrees that it shall not bring any administrative or judicial appeal
challenging NMED’s approval of new or modified GCP-O&G registrations or individual minor
source New Source Review permits incorporating the Tankless Facility commitments for the
facilities listed in in Paragraphs 17, 18, 19 and 20, provided that this limitation does not apply to
new or modified registrations or permits that may be approved subsequent to the incorporation of
the Tankless Facility commitments.
Within 90 days of the Date of Entry, Defendants agree to adopt and implement a
Shut-In Practice functionally equivalent to the Shut-In Practice described in Paragraph 8.f for the
following 42 facilities:
Central Tank Batteries
CALMON 35-2 CTB
MESA VERDE 18 CTB
RED TANK 19 CTB
SAND DUNES CTB
LOST TANK 30-19 FED 31H
RED TANK 27-28 CTB
SALT RIDGE CTB
CC 15-5 CTB
WHOMPING WILLOW CTB
CC 23 SAT
CC 22 SAT
CC 21 CTB
Corral Fly 2-1 (Corral Gorge)
Corral Fly 35-26
Corral Canyon 36-25
Cypress 33-1 CTB
NC 29 Gold CTB
Calmon 35 Fed CTB No2
NC 34 Platinum CTB
Mesa Verde CTB
NC 31 Precious SRT CTB
Red Tank 19 State CTB
Sand Dunes South Corridor CTB
NC 33 Silver SRT CTB
Lost Tank 30-19 CTB
Red Tank 27-28 CTB
Dimensions 6 CTB
Salt Ridge 17 CTB
Cedar Canyon15-5H Battery
Whomping Willow CTB
Cedar Canyon 23-2H Battery
Cedar Canyon 22 Satellite CTB and OGS
Cedar Canyon 21 Fed CTB
Salt Flat CTB and OGS
Cedar Canyon 28-4 CTB
Corral Fly 2-1 CTB
Corral Fly 35-26 CTB
Corral Canyon CS and CTB
Cypress 33-1 Battery
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Turkey Track CTB
Goodnight 24-7 CTB
Red Tank 31-5 CTB
Turkey Track CTB and Gas Sales Compression
Goodnight 27-4 Federal CTB
Red Tank 31 State No 5H Central Tank Battery
Dimensions 6 Gas Lift Compressor Station
Dimensions 6 Section 8 Gas Sales Compressor
Cedar Canyon 28 Compressor Station
Cedar Canyon East Compressor Station
Corral 1S Compressor Station
Corral 2N Compressor
OXY - Corral CS 2S
Red Tank 19 CGL
Mesa Verde East CGL2
Mesa Verde West Central Gas Lift Station
North Corridor East Central Gas Lift
NC West CGL
South Corridor East Central Gas Lift
Precious CGL Ph 1
Turkey Track Central Gas Lift Station
Dimensions 6 CGL
CC East Stn
Corral Fly 1S
Corral Fly 2N
Corral Fly 2S
Red Tank 19 CGL
Turkey Track CGL
No later than 30 days after the Date of Entry, Defendants shall pay a civil penalty
to the U.S. Department of Treasury in the amount of $500,000 in settlement of the alleged
violations that are the subject of this action.
Defendants may not deduct any penalties paid under this Decree pursuant to this
Section or Section (VI) (Stipulated Penalties) in calculating their federal, state or local income
26. Not later than 30 days after the Date of Entry, Defendants will deposit in the Court’s
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registry the sum of $500,000 (the “Mitigation Payment”). The Mitigation Payment shall be used
to fund mitigation project(s) to be selected by the Parties subsequent to this Consent Decree (the
“Mitigation Project”). The Mitigation Project shall mitigate the harms of air pollution and
improve air quality and/or public health in Eddy and/or Lea County, New Mexico or elsewhere
in the surrounding Permian Basin oil production region.
The funds will be expensed upon joint Motion of the Parties. If the Parties fail to
file such motion within two years of the Date of Entry, the Mitigation Payment shall be
forwarded from the Court’s registry to the U.S. Department of Treasury as a civil penalty.
Defendants shall be liable for stipulated penalties for Excess Emissions at the
Turkey Track Facility, in accordance with the following:
a. $2,000 per hour for each hour or partial hour beyond six (6) hours that an Excess
Emissions Event occurs.
i. Stipulated penalties under this Paragraph 29 shall be calculated on a perevent basis, not a per-pollutant, per-limit, per-standard, or per-provision
ii. Stipulated penalties under this Paragraph 29 shall not exceed $25,000 for
any single Excess Emissions Event.
iii. Defendants shall be entitled to subtract, from any stipulated penalty
payment owed under this Section VI, any penalties actually paid to any
governmental agency related to the same Excess Emissions Event for
which liability for the stipulated penalties has arisen.
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Defendants shall be liable for a stipulated penalty in the amount of $1,000 for
each Excess Emissions Event at the Turkey Track Facility or any facility listed in Paragraph 23
where Defendants fail to comply with the provisions of the Shut-In Practice described in
Paragraph 8.f or a functionally equivalent set of practices.
Defendants shall be liable for a stipulated penalty in the amount of $500/day for
the first 30 days and $1,000/day for each day thereafter for each failure to comply with the
deadlines specified in Paragraphs 8.a, 8.d, 8.e, 18, and 19, such deadlines requiring timely
installation of the AVOID system at the Turkey Track Facility (8.a), conversion of the Turkey
Track Facility and other facilities to Tankless Facilities (8.d, 18, 19), and construction of
secondary pipeline capacity at the Turkey Track Facility (8.e).
Defendants shall be liable for a stipulated penalty in the amount of $250/day for
the first 30 days and $500/day for each day thereafter for failure to comply with the quarterly or
annual reporting deadlines specified in Paragraphs 15 and 16.
All stipulated penalties shall accrue on a calendar year basis and shall be paid to
the U.S. Treasury by March 31 of the following year.
Defendants shall not be liable for any stipulated penalties accrued pursuant to this
Decree in excess of $500,000 for any single calendar year.
Stipulated penalties shall not be an exclusive remedy for violations of the Consent
Decree. Payment of stipulated penalties shall not restrict Plaintiff’s ability to seek specific
performance of the terms of the Decree, subject to the Dispute Resolution provisions of Section
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NOTIFICATIONS AND RECORDKEEPING
All notifications, submittals, reports, and other information required by this
Consent Decree shall be directed to the individuals at the addresses specified below, unless those
individuals or their successors give notice of a change to the other Parties in writing by U.S. Mail
For the Plaintiff:
P.O. Box 7516
Missoula, MT 59807
For the Defendants:
Stephanie A. Simmons
OXY USA Inc.
5 Greenway Plaza, Suite 110
Houston, TX 77046
VIII. FORCE MAJEURE
A “Force Majeure Event,” for the purposes of the Consent Decree, is defined as
any event beyond the reasonable control of Defendants, or any entity controlled by Defendants
(including, without limitation, Defendants’ contractors and subcontractors, and any entity in
active participation or concert with Defendants with respect to the obligations to be undertaken
by Defendants pursuant to this Consent Decree), which delays or prevents, or can reasonably be
anticipated to delay or prevent, compliance with the obligations of the Consent Decree, despite
Defendants’ best efforts to meet such obligations. The requirement that Defendants exercise
“best efforts to fulfill the obligations” includes using best efforts to anticipate any potential Force
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Majeure Event, and to use best efforts to address the effects of any potential Force Majeure
Event as it is occurring, and after it has occurred, such that any delay is minimized to the greatest
extent possible. A Force Majeure Event shall include an unanticipated supply chain disruption
that renders Defendants unable to timely secure equipment necessary to implement required
facility modifications, despite Defendants’ best efforts to do so.
Defendants’ financial inability to perform any obligation under this Consent
Decree shall not constitute a Force Majeure Event.
A Force Majeure Event shall temporarily relieve Defendants of their obligations
to meet the deadlines established under Paragraphs 8.a, 8.d, 8.e, and 18. Such deadlines shall be
tolled until the Force Majeure Event delaying compliance with the applicable obligations has
EFFECT OF SETTLEMENT AND RESERVATION OF RIGHTS
This Consent Decree represents full and final settlement among the Parties. This
Consent Decree resolves, and Plaintiff releases and waives, any and all civil claims, causes of
action, demands, actions and/or rights of action, that Plaintiff may have against Defendants or
Defendants’ corporate affiliates for violations of the Clean Air Act at the Turkey Track Facility
and the Other Covered Facilities occurring on and before the Date of Entry of this Consent
Decree by the Court. The Parties further agree that the Consent Decree resolves, and Plaintiff
releases and waives, any and all civil penalties and injunctive relief related to alleged violations
of the Clean Air Act regulatory provisions alleged in the Complaint at the Turkey Track Facility
or similar violations at the Other Covered Facilities that may occur from the Date of Lodging
through the date of termination of the Consent Decree. Notwithstanding termination of this
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Consent Decree pursuant to Section XIV, the requirements of this paragraph are permanent and
shall survive termination of this Consent Decree.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, Plaintiff and Defendants reserve all legal and
equitable remedies available to enforce the terms of this Consent Decree. Further, nothing in this
Consent Decree shall restrict or control Plaintiff’s comments, litigation, or any other activity
related to state or federal implementation plans not directly relating to the Turkey Track Facility
or any of the Other Covered Facilities.
Nothing in this Consent Decree shall be construed to limit the rights of the United
States to obtain penalties or injunctive relief under the Act or implementing regulations, or under
other federal laws, regulations, or permit conditions. Defendants reserve all legal and equitable
remedies available against any such action by the United States.
The failure of any Party to comply with any requirement contained in this
Consent Decree will not excuse the obligation to comply with other requirements contained
The dispute resolution procedure provided by this Section may be used to resolve
all disputes arising under this Consent Decree, provided that the Party invoking such procedure
has first made a good faith attempt to resolve the matter with the other Party. The provisions of
this Section X shall be the sole and exclusive mechanism to seek relief from the Court to resolve
disputes arising under or with respect to this Consent Decree.
The dispute resolution procedure required herein may be invoked by one Party
giving written notice to the other Party advising of a dispute pursuant to this Section. The notice
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shall describe the nature of the dispute and shall state the noticing Party’s position with regard to
In the event one Party asserts that any other Party is in violation of any
requirement of this Consent Decree, the asserting Party will provide written notice of such
asserted violation to the other Party. Before pursuing legal action to enforce any asserted
violation, the noticing Party will provide the other Party with an opportunity to remedy such
asserted violation within 30 days of receiving written notice or, in the case of a claimed breach
which cannot be reasonably remedied within a thirty (30) day period, an opportunity to take
reasonable action to remedy the claimed violation within such thirty (30) day period and,
thereafter, diligently complete the activities necessary to remedy the claimed breach.
If the asserted violation is not cured within the applicable time period, the
asserting Party may seek relief from the Court.
The Court shall decide all disputes pursuant to applicable principles of law for
resolving such disputes. This Court shall not draw any inferences nor establish any presumptions
adverse to either Party as a result of invocation of this Section or the Parties’ inability to reach
No party shall be entitled to money damages for any breach of this Consent
Decree. Specific performance and stipulated penalties shall be Plaintiff’s sole remedies for any
breach of this Consent Decree by Defendants. Specific performance shall be Defendants’ sole
remedy for breach of this Consent Decree by Plaintiff. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the
event of a breach of this Consent Decree, the prevailing party in a judicial action shall also be
entitled to collect reasonable attorneys’ fees and litigation costs from the party in breach of this
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ATTORNEYS FEES AND COSTS
Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 7604(d), not later than 30 days after the Date of Entry,
Defendants shall pay $50,000 for costs of litigation, inclusive of Plaintiff’s reasonably attorney
fees, to Plaintiff’s counsel by bank draft made payable to “WildEarth Guardians.”
Nothing in this Consent Decree shall constitute an admission by any Party as to
liability for costs or fees from any other Party.
The terms of this Consent Decree may be modified only by a subsequent written
agreement signed by Plaintiff and Defendants. Where the modification constitutes a material
change to any term of this Consent Decree, it shall be effective only upon approval by the Court.
XIII. RETENTION OF JURISDICTION
Until termination of this Consent Decree, this Court shall retain jurisdiction over
both the subject matter of this Consent Decree and the Parties to this Consent Decree to enforce
the terms and conditions of this Consent Decree. Following termination, the Court shall retain
jurisdiction to enforce the provisions and obligations set forth herein that are permanent.
This Consent Decree shall terminate on the date four years from the Date of
Entry, except as provided in Paragraph 55 below.
In the event that either Party has provided written notice of a dispute under this
Consent Decree pursuant to the Dispute Resolution in Section X and such dispute remains
unresolved on the date four years from the Date of Entry, this Consent Decree shall not terminate
until such dispute has been fully resolved, either by a final judicial decision not subject to further
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appeal or by written notice by the Party who provided notice of the dispute that the asserted
violation has been cured.
LODGING AND ENTRY OF DECREE
The Parties agree to cooperate in good faith in order to obtain the Court’s review
and entry of this Consent Decree.
Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 7604(c)(3), this Consent Decree will be lodged with the
Court and simultaneously presented to the United States for its review and comment for a period
of 45 days. After the review period has elapsed, the Consent Decree may be entered by the
Court. If the Consent Decree is not entered by the Court, the Parties shall retain all rights they
had in this litigation before the Date of Lodging.
The Parties agree to cooperate in good to expeditiously obtain EPA and United
States Attorney General (Department of Justice, or “DOJ”) review and District Court approval.
In the event that DOJ or EPA comments upon the terms of this Consent Decree, the Parties agree
to discuss such comments to support the entry of the Consent Decree or to make any revisions to
the Consent Decree as the Parties determine may be reasonable and appropriate to support entry
of the Consent Decree.
Each undersigned representative of a Party to this Consent Decree certifies that he
or she is fully authorized to enter into the terms and conditions of this Consent Decree and to
execute and legally bind such Party to this Consent Decree.
The Parties hereby agree not to oppose entry of this Consent Decree by this Court
or to challenge any provision of this Consent Decree.
Case 1:22-cv-00797-KK-JHR Document 12 Filed 01/18/23 Page 22 of 24
This Consent Decree may be signed in counterparts.
THE UNDERSIGNED Parties enter into this Consent Decree and submit it to this Court for
approval and entry.
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
18th day of _____________,
Dated this ____
Case 1:22-cv-00797-KK-JHR Document 12 Filed 01/18/23 Page 23 of 24
Case 1:22-cv-00797-KK-JHR Document 12 Filed 01/18/23 Page 24 of 24
LIST OF EXHIBITS
Exhibit A: AVOID System Specifications
Exhibit B: Draft Application for GCP-O&G Registration for Turkey Track Facility “Tankless
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