Austin v. NewRez LLC et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER by District Judge David H. Urias re: 1 Complaint. IT IS ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED without prejudice. (arp)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
NRZ ADVANCE RECEIVABLES,
DITECH FINANCIAL LLC,
GERALD A. LOMBARDO,
ROSE L. BRAND & ASSOCIATES,
UNKNOWN TRUSTEES, et al.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER OF DISMISSAL
Plaintiff seeks to quiet title to a property which was the subject of a foreclosure action in
state court. See Complaint to Quiet Title at 2, ¶¶ 1, 3, Doc. 1, filed October 13, 2023. Plaintiff
also asserts claims for: (i) breach of contract; (ii) lack of standing to foreclose; (iii) fraud in the
concealment; (iv) violations of TILA [Truth in Lending Act]; and violations of the RICO Act. See
Complaint at 2.
United States Magistrate Judge Laura Fashing notified Plaintiff that:
The Complaint fails to state claims upon which relief can be granted. “[T]o state a
claim in federal court, a complaint must explain what each defendant did to him or
her; when the defendant did it; how the defendant’s action harmed him or her; and,
what specific legal right the plaintiff believes the defendant violated.” Nasious v.
Two Unknown B.I.C.E. Agents, at Arapahoe County Justice Center, 492 F.3d 1158,
1163 (10th Cir. 2007). The two-page Complaint does not allege facts explaining
what each Defendant did to Plaintiff and when they did it. The Complaint alleges
“some Defendants” violated the RICO Act but does not identify which Defendants
violated the RICO Act. See Complaint at 3, ¶ 8. The Complaint alleges violations
of the Truth in Lending Act, but there are no allegations indicating which
Defendants violated the Truth in Lending Act. There are no factual allegations
describing which provisions of RICO and TILA Defendants allegedly violated or
describing how they violated those acts. The only allegation regarding Defendant
Benjamin Chavez, who appears to be the state-court judge presiding over the
foreclosure action, states: “On or around November 22, 2019 a package which
included an Affidavit of Truth was sent to Benjamin Chavez and filed in 2nd
Judicial court case D-202-CV-201606657.” Complaint at 3, ¶ 6.
Plaintiff seeks a judgment against Defendants and requests that Defendants “give
credit or discharge the alleged debt” and “cease and desist any and all actions.”
Complaint at 3. Plaintiff does not describe the actions he wants Defendants to cease
and desist. It appears that Plaintiff’s request for a judgment against Defendants
may be barred by the Younger abstention doctrine or the Rooker-Feldman doctrine.
If the proceedings in the state-court action are ongoing, then it appears the relief
Plaintiff seeks may be barred by the Younger abstention doctrine which "dictates
that federal courts not interfere with state court proceedings ... when such relief
could adequately be sought before the state court." Rienhardt v. Kelly, 164 F.3d
1296, 1302 (10th Cir. 1999). In determining whether Younger abstention is
appropriate, the Court considers whether:
(1) there is an ongoing state ... civil ... proceeding, (2) the state court
provides an adequate forum to hear the claims raised in the federal
complaint, and (3) the state proceedings involve important state
interests, matters which traditionally look to state law for their
resolution or implicate separately articulated state policies.
Amanatullah v. Colo. Bd. of Med. Exam'rs, 187 F.3d 1160, 1163 (10th Cir. 1999).
If the proceedings in the state-court action are not ongoing, then it appears the relief
Plaintiff seeks may be barred by the Rooker-Feldman doctrine which:
bars federal district courts from hearing cases “brought by statecourt losers complaining of injuries caused by state-court judgments
rendered before the district court proceedings commenced and
inviting district court review and rejection of those judgments.”
Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Indus. Corp., 544 U.S. 280, 284,
125 S.Ct. 1517, 161 L.Ed.2d 454 (2005). Where the relief requested
would necessarily undo the state court’s judgment, Rooker-Feldman
deprives the district court of jurisdiction. Mo’s Express, 441 F.3d at
Velasquez v. Utah, 775 Fed.Appx. 420, 422 (10th Cir. 2019); Knox v. Bland, 632
F.3d 1290, 1292 (10th Cir. 2011) ("Under [the Rooker-Feldman] doctrine, 'a party
losing in state court is barred from seeking what in substance would be appellate
review of the state judgment in a United States district court, based on the losing
party's claim that the state judgment itself violates the loser's federal rights'")
(quoting Johnson v. De Grandy, 512 U.S. 997, 1005-06 (1994)).
Order for Amended Complaint at 1-3, Doc. 5, filed October 16, 2023. Judge Fashing ordered
Plaintiff to file an amended complaint and notified Plaintiff that failure to timely file an amended
complaint may result in dismissal of this case. Plaintiff did not file an amended complaint by the
November 6, 2023, deadline.
The Court dismisses this case because: (i) the Complaint fails to state a claim upon which
relief can be granted; and (ii) Plaintiff did not file an amended complaint or otherwise respond to
Judge Fashing’s Order for an Amended Complaint.
IT IS ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED without prejudice.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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