Anaya et al v. State of New Mexico et al
ORDER Directing Service of Process on Socorro County and "Doe" Defendant on or before June 19, 2017 by Magistrate Judge Kevin R. Sweazea. (cbf)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW MEXICO
JOSE ANDRES ANAYA,
and DAVID A. ANAYA,
STATE OF NEW MEXICO;
COUNTY OF SOCORRO; CITY OF
SOCORRO; JOHN DOES, State Police
Officers; SOCORRO SHERIFF’S
DEPUTY KYLE HALEY; and
SOCORRO CITY POLICE OFFICER
CARLOS VALENZUELA, all in their
individual and official capacities.
ORDER DIRECTING SERVICE OF PROCESS ON DEFENDANTS
COUNTY OF SOCORRO AND “JOHN DOES”
This matter is before the Court sua sponte. On January 19, 2017, Plaintiffs Jose and
David Anaya commenced a civil rights action in New Mexico’s Seventh Judicial District Court
for what they claim was the unconstitutional seizure of their property during a drug raid in 2016.
[Doc. 1-1, Compl. ¶¶ 9-23]. Plaintiffs name the State of New Mexico, the City and County of
Socorro, and individual law enforcement officers, including “Does,” that work for the State,
City, or County as responsible for the alleged deprivations of their rights. [Doc. 1-1, ¶¶ 1-8].
Deputy Kyle Haley removed the action to this Court on March 2, 2017 [Doc. 1]. To date,
Deputy Haley, the State, the City, and Officer Carlos Valenzuela have answered. [See Docs. 3; 7;
9; 10]. From the record, it does not appear the County has been served. Nor have the “Does”
been identified or served.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4(m) imposes a 90-day deadline for serving parties. “If a
defendant is not served within 90 days after the complaint is filed, the court—on motion or on its
own after notice to the plaintiff—must dismiss the action without prejudice against that
defendant or order that service be made within a specified time.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(m).
Alternatively, a party may show “good cause” whereupon the Court “must extend the time for
service for an appropriate period.” Id. Where an action is removed to federal court, as here, the
deadline commences upon removal. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 81(c); Wallace v. Microsoft Corp., 596
F.3d 703, 706 (10th Cir. 2010).
In this case, the 90 days ran on May 31, 2017, and Plaintiffs
have not sought an extension.
Rather than take the harsh step of dismissing the unserved parties outright at this point,
the Court concludes the best course of action is to order service by a date certain. Alternatively,
Plaintiffs may voluntarily dismiss them at their election.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Plaintiffs serve the County and “Doe” Defendants on
or before June 19, 2017. In lieu of serving a party, Plaintiffs may exercise their right to
voluntarily dismiss an unserved party without prejudice. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(a)(1)(A)(i).
KEVIN R. SWEAZEA
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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