United States of America v. Pace Chesir et al
DECISION AND ORDER. See attached order for details. Ordered by Judge Eric N. Vitaliano on 6/28/2012. (Siegfried, Evan)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
DECISION & ORDER
-against08-cv-2552 (ENV) (SMG)
PACE CHESIR, eta!.,
Defendant Pace Chesir has filed a notice of appeal from the entry of judgment on default
in this action and moves, pursuant to Rule 62(d), to stay the e](ecution of this Court's orders
foreclosing on the statutory tal( lien attached to his residence and authorizing his eviction from
and the judicial sale of it. Chesir requests a stay pending appeal without posting the normally
required supersedeas bond. In the alternative, however, he offers to supplement the
government's e](isting lien with a cash bond of$150,000. 1
Rule 62( d) provides that an appellant may obtain a stay pending appeal "as of right" by
posting a sufficient supersedeas bond. Cohen v. Metropolitan Life Ins. Co., 334 F. App']( 375,
378 (2d Cir. 2009); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 62(d). A court, though, need not require an appellant
to post a bond in the full amount of the judgment if such a condition is unnecessary under the
The multi-factored analysis of a case's equities cited by both parties is only relevant where a
party seeks to stay e](ecution of an order without posting bond. See de Ia Fuente v. DCI
Telecommunications, Inc., 269 F. Supp. 2d 237, 240 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) (citing 11 C. Wright, A.
Miller & M. Kane, Federal Practice and Procedure § 2905, 520 (1995)). Given the
determinations the Court has already made in the underlying action, most transparently, a
detailed analysis of the equities is not required. Indeed, there is no need to tarry on Chesir's
request for a stay without bond at all. The Court proceeds directly to the alternative branch of
his motion-stay with the posting of a supersedeas bond.
circumstances of the case to protect the appellee's interests. See Morgan Guar. Trust Co. of New
York v. Republic of Palau, 702 F. Supp. 60, 65 (S.D.N.Y. 1988) (citing Texaco Inc. v. Pennzoil
Co., 784 F.2d 1133, 1154 (2d Cir. 1986), rev'd on other grounds, 481 U.S. 1, 107 S. Ct. 1519
After reviewing each party's submissions, the Court finds that defendant's proffered cash
bond in the amount of$150,000 to supplement the government's existing lien will, as of now,
adequately protect the government's interest while Chesir's appeal is pending. See Metz v.
United States, 130 F.R.D. 458,459-60 (D. Kan. 1990). 2 This, of course, assumes that, if the sale
contract presently in place expires during the pendency of the appeal, the government will be
able to secure a new sale contract at or above the current above-market contracted selling price
of$999,999.99. Moreover, the Court observes, since interest continues to run, an even larger
pool of money will be needed to make the government whole, should it ultimately prevail.
Finally, a few housekeeping conditions must be, and below are, ordered to ensure that the
government's interests are secured throughout the pendency of the appeal.
In line with the foregoing, the Court grants the alternative branch ofChesir's motion for a
stay pending appeal, provided the following conditions are met:
I. Defendant shall file a cash bond in the sum of $150,000 with the Clerk of Court for
the Eastern District of New York on or before July 6, 2012, which shall not be
discharged without further order of this Court;
2. Defendant shall not sell, assign, transfer, convey, or encumber any interest he claims
he has in the property known as 911 Avenue N, Brooklyn, New York ("the
The government has previously represented that the appraised fair market value of Chesir's
property is between $800,000 and $950,000. (Dkt. No. 40-1, ~~ 4-6.)
3. Defendant shall maintain the property in good repair and keep it insured against fire
and casualty loss during the pendency of his appeal;
4. The government shall be added forthwith as an additional insured on each and all of
defendant's fire and casualty insurance policies; and
5. The government is granted leave to move this Court, on or after September 3, 2012,
to increase the amount of the required cash bond should any change in circumstances
justify an increase to maintain security of the government's interests.
Dated: Brooklyn, New York
June 28, 2012
United States District Judge
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