Silent v. Holder et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: For the above reasons, the petition for a writ of habeas corpus is denied. The Court certifies that any appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis status is denied for the purpose of an appeal. Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45 (1962).. Ordered by Chief Judge Carol Bagley Amon on 4/3/2013. (fwd for judgment) c/m to pro se petitioner (Fernandez, Erica)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
MEMORANDUM & ORDER
IN CLERK'S OFFICE
U.S. OISTRtCT COURT E.O.N.Y.
ERIC HOLDER et al.,
APR ~- 2013
AMON, Chief United States District Judge.
Petitioner Christopher Silent, appearing pro se, filed the instant petition for a writ of habeas
corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 on April 23, 2012. For the reasons set forth below, the
petition is denied as moot.
Silent, a citizen of Jamaica, entered the United States as a lawful permanent resident in 1984.
In 1993, Silent was convicted in New York state court of second degree robbery and second
degree burglary. On December 8, 1994, Silent pleaded guilty before this Court to carjacking
under 18 U.S.C. § 2119. The Court sentenced him to 74 months' imprisonment on February 9,
1995. See United States v. Silent, No. 94-CR-1174 (CBA). He did not appeal. Silent served
this sentence and was released from federal custody. In 2003, Silent was again convicted of
second degree robbery in New York state court and sentenced to seven years' incarceration. He
was released from custody on May 12,2009.
On April 5, 2011, the United States Department of Homeland Security ("DHS") initiated
removal proceedings against Silent based upon the federal carjacking and New York state
robbery and burglary convictions. He was subsequently taken into Immigration and Customs
Enforcement ("ICE") custody pursuant to the mandatory detention provisions of Immigration
and Nationality Act ("INA")§ 236(c), codified at 8 U.S. C. § 1226(c). 1 On July 14, 2011, Silent
petitioned this Court to set aside his federal carjacking conviction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255,
but that petition was denied because Silent was no longer in federal custody. Silent v. United
States, No. 11-cv-3444 (CBA). On October 31, 2011, Silent petitioned this Court for a writ of
error coram nobis to vacate his carjacking conviction, but the Court denied that petition on the
merits on September 19, 2012. Silent v. United States, No. 11-cv-5359 (CBA).
On October 12, 2011, an Immigration Judge ordered Silent removed from the United States,
(Pet., D.E. #1 at 4), and the Board of Immigration Appeals ("BIA'') affirmed the order on March
15, 2012, (id. ). On March 26, 2012, Silent appealed his final order of removal to the United
States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit Court and requested a stay of removal pending
the appeal. (Silent v. Holder, No. 12-1192, D.E. #1 (2d Cir. Mar. 26, 2012).) While that appeal
was pending, Silent filed the instant petition. 2 Silent subsequently moved to withdraw both his
appeal and request for a stay of removal. The Second Circuit granted the motion on August 15,
2012. (ld., D.E. #43 (2d Cir. Aug. 15, 2012).) By letter dated March 15, 2013, respondent
informed the Court that Silent was removed from the United States to Jamaica on November 1,
2012. (Resp. Letter, Mar. 15,2013, D.E. #12 ex. C).
Title 8, Section 1226(c)(1) of the United States Code provides that ''The Attorney General shall take into custody
any alien who ... is deportable by reason of having committed [certain criminal offenses]. .. when the alien is
Silent also filed a habeas petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 on January 9, 2012 in the United States District
Court for the Northern District of Alabama, the district where Silent was serving his immigration detention. This
petition raised substantially the same claims as those raised in the instant petition. (Silent v. Holder, No. 12-cv-75
(N.D. Ala).) That petition was denied on September 27,2012. (Resp. Letter, Mar. 15, 2013, D.E. #12 ex. B.)
In this petition, Silent claims that he should not be subject to mandatory detention pursuant to
8 U.S.C. § 1226(c) because was not immediately taken into ICE custody following his release
from New York state custody in May 2009. (Pet. at 1-2, 23-27.) He further contends that the
length of his detention without adequate custody reviews and bond hearings violates due process.
(Jd. at 13-23, 27-31.) Silent seeks an individualized bond hearing and "release from custody,
under reasonable conditions of supervision" pending resolution of his Second Circuit appeal. (!d.
at 33; Traverse, D.E. #10 at 12.)
Deportation.may render a§ 2241 petition moot if it no longer presents a "case or controversy"
within the meaning of Article III, § 2 of the Constitution. Spencer v. Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 7
(1998). "[T]o satisfy the case-or-controversy requirement, a party must, at all stages of the
litigation, have an actual injury which is likely to be redressed by a favorable judicial decision."
United States v. Mercurris, 192 F.3d 290, 293 (2d Cir. 1999). For a habeas petitioner who has
been deported to demonstrate a case or controversy, "a 'concrete and continuing injury' that is a
'collateral consequence' of the detention and can be remedied by granting the writ must exist."
So v. Reno, 251 F.Supp.2d 1112, 1120 (E.D.N.Y. 2003) (citing Spencer, 523 U.S. at 7).
Silent challenges only the length and validity of his detention pending removal, and his only
requests for relief are a bond hearing and release pending appeal. In these circumstances, there is
no continuing controversy subject to redress by the Court. See id. (petitioner's "challenge to the
lawfulness of the length of time that he has been held in the physical custody of the INS" was
rendered moot by deportation, as it was "impossible to grant his request for supervised release or
release on bond or supervision"); Pierrilus v. ICE, 293 F. App'x 78, 79 (2d Cir. 2008) (release
from custody rendered petitioner's challenge to the length of immigration detention moot);
Jackson v. Holder, No. 12-cv-5190, 2012 WL 4458692, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 27, 2012)
(deportation rendered petitioner's request to be released from immigration custody moot). The
petition is denied as moot.
For the above reasons, the petition for a writ of habeas corpus is denied. The Court certifies
that any appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis
status is denied for the purpose of an appeal. Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45
s/Carol Bagley Amon
Chief United States District Judge
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