Marcel v. United States of America et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 8 Motion for Reconsideration ; denying 10 Motion to Alter Judgment for the reasons set forth in the attached Memorandum and Order. The Clerk of Court shall mail a copy of this Memorandum and Order to the plaintiff. Ordered by Judge Roslynn R. Mauskopf on 12/27/2012. (Mauskopf, Roslynn)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
DANIEL MARCEL; DANIEL MARCEL, as Parent and
Legal Custodian of SHANIYA HEAVEN MARCEL;
DANIEL MARCEL, as Parent and Legal Custodian of
DANIEL MARCEL, Jr., a/k/a DANIEL MARCEL;
DANIEL MARCEL, as Parent and Legal Custodian of
RUTH ONALISHA-RODRIGUEZ MARCEL, a/k/a RUTH
MARCEL and BABY GIRL PULLIN,
- against THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; THE STATE OF
NEW YORK; ANDREW MARK CUOMO, Governor of the
State of New York, in his personal and official capacities;
FAMILY COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK; HON.
JUDGE DANIEL TURBOW, in his personal and official
capacities; OFFICE OF CHILDREN AND FAMILY
SERVICES FOR THE STATE OF NEW YORK; GLADYS
CARRION, Commissioner of the Office of Children and
Family Services for the State of New York, in her personal
and official capacities; CITY OF NEW YORK; MICHAEL
BLOOMBERG, Mayor of the City of New York, in his
personal and official capacities; ADMINISTRATION FOR
CHILDREN'S SERVICES FOR THE CITY OF NEW
YORK; JOHN B. MATTINGLY, Commissioner of
Administration for Children's Services for the City of New
York, in his personal and official capacities; VANETTA
WILLIAMS; ERICA BARBI; JAMIE ALBERT; NEW
YORK FOUNDLING HOSPITAL; WILLIAM
BACCAGLINI, also known as, BILL BACCAGLINI;
PATRICIA HARVEY; MARGARET BECKER; LIYAN
BAO; JODI KARSCH; ZENOLA POWELL, II;
MARANGELY ORIHUELA-JONES; JESSICA
ECHEANDIA; SHAKIA BROWN; ERWIN GODETTE, JR.;
NYIALAH HIKEEM; SPOHNGELLERT LEINE; CHRIST
RECTOR; MADELLE AMARO; MARGARITA ROLDAN;
MARY CORYS; JACLYN PIEPRA; CHERYL ASHBY;
JEREMIAH JAMES QUINLAN; JARED MARE
BERLINER; DELANO CONNOLLY; GILBERT TAYLOR;
and, JOHN AND/OR JANE DOE #1-90.,
ROSLYNN R. MAUSKOPF, United States District Judge.
Plaintiff, appearing pro se, filed a complaint pursuant to the Court’s federal question
jurisdiction raising claims under 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983, 1985, and 1986 and various state law claims
alleging various claims associated with the ongoing permanent removal proceedings regarding
his children in New York State court. After providing plaintiff an opportunity to amend his
complaint, by Order dated November 8, 2012, the action was dismissed. (Doc. No. 6.)
Judgment entered the same day. (Doc. No. 7.) On December 8, 2012, plaintiff filed a motion for
reconsideration of the Court’s November 8, 2012 Order dismissing his case, (Doc. No. 10), and a
“Notice of Appeal & Motion for Extension of Time,” (Doc. No. 8). For the reasons set forth
below, the motions for reconsideration and for an extension of time are DENIED.
The Notice of Appeal and Motion for Reconsideration
On December 8, 2012, plaintiff filed two documents. One is entitled “Notice of Motion
for Altering or Amending a Judgment & Relief from a Judgment or Order” (hereinafter “Motion
for Reconsideration”). (Doc. No 10.) The second is entitled “Notice of Appeal & Motion for
Extension of Time.” (Doc. No. 8.) The documents are identical except for the following: (1) the
titles of the documents; (2) the brief introductory statement of page two of each of the
documents; (3) paragraphs one and four of each document (which address the type of motion
being submitted) and the “wherefore” clause of the Motion for Reconsideration; and (4) the
Notice of Appeal and Motion for Extension of Time adds two paragraphs, paragraphs, ¶¶ 75 and
76, which address the timeliness of the Notice of Appeal and request an extension of time for
“excusable neglect” or “good cause.”
Motion for Reconsideration
The Court construes the submission as a motion for reconsideration pursuant to Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b) and Local Rule 6.3.1
Rule 60(b) provides in relevant part that a court may relieve a party from a final
judgment, order, or proceeding for any of the following reasons:
(1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect; (2) newly discovered
evidence that, with reasonable diligence, could not have been discovered in time
to move for a new trial under Rule 59(b); (3) fraud (whether previously called
intrinsic or extrinsic), misrepresentation, or misconduct by an opposing party; (4)
the judgment is void; (5) the judgment has been satisfied, released, or discharged,
it is based on an earlier judgment that has been reversed or vacated; or applying it
prospectively is no longer equitable; or (6) any other reason justifying relief from
the operation of the judgment.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)
As an initial matter, the Court notes that by filing a Notice of Appeal on December 8,
2012, plaintiff divested this court of the ability to grant his 60(b) motion without first obtaining
permission from the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Toliver v. Cnty of
Sullivan, 957 F.2d 47, 49 (2d Cir. 1992); Hill v. West, No. 04-CV-6601, 2009 U.S. Dist. LEXIS
9870, at *7 (W.D.N.Y. Oct. 23, 2009). “[B]efore the district court may grant a [R]ule 60(b)
motion, [the Second Circuit Court of Appeals] must first give its consent so it can remand the
case, thereby returning jurisdiction over the case to the district court.” Toliver, 957 F.2d at 49.
A district court may, however, entertain and deny a Rule 60(b) motion filed during the
pendency of an appeal without disturbing the jurisdiction of the Court of Appeals. Id. (citing
Ryan v. United States Line Co., 303 F.2d 430, 434 (2d Cir. 1962)); Selletti v. Carey, 173 F.3d
104, 108–09 (2d Cir. 1999) (“The district court properly assumed that it had jurisdiction to deny
Although plaintiff also references Red. R. Civ. P. 59(e), see Motion at 2, plaintiff’s motion was filed beyond the
twenty-eight days from entry of Judgment, here December 6, 2012.
the motion during the pendency of an appeal.”). Here, the court entertains and denies the
motion for the reasons set forth below.
First, plaintiff’s motion is untimely. Local Rule 6.3 provides that a “notice of motion for
reconsideration or reargument of a court order determining a motion shall be served within (14)
days after the entry of the Court’s order resulting in a judgment, within fourteen (14) days after
the entry of the judgment.” Local Civ. R. 6.3. Because the Clerk of the Court entered judgment
on November 8, 2012, the deadline for any motion for reconsideration was Monday, November
26, 2012 (November 22, 2012 and November 23, 2012 were court holidays).2 Plaintiff filed his
motion for reconsideration on December 8, 2012, 30 days after judgment was entered.
Second, even if plaintiff had timely filed his motion for reconsideration, the Court would
nevertheless deny the motion as meritless. A motion for reconsideration pursuant to Rule 60(b)
of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure is addressed to the “sound discretion of the district court
and ... [is] generally granted only upon the showing of exceptional circumstances.” Mendell v.
Gollust, 909 F.2d 724, 731 (2d Cir. 1990) (emphasis added), aff’d, 501 U.S. 115 (1991). “The
standard for granting such a motion is strict, and reconsideration will generally be denied unless
the moving party can point to controlling decisions or data that the court overlooked-matters, in
other words, that might reasonably be expected to alter the conclusion reached by the court.”
Shrader v. CSX Transportation, Inc., 70 F.3d 255, 257 (2d Cir. 1995).
On November 8, 2012 , the Court dismissed plaintiff’s action for failure to state a claim
on which relief may be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). In the instant motion, plaintiff does
not point to any controlling decisions or data that would alter the Court’s conclusion to dismiss
his complaint. Plaintiff’s remedy is to utilize the procedures of the Family Court Act and the
Even if the Court were to calculate the date of judgment as the date plaintiff received the judgment, which it does
not, the motion would have been due on November 27, 2012.
New York Courts.3 Accordingly, because the court finds that plaintiff has failed to demonstrate
the existence of “exceptional circumstances” warranting reconsideration, or controlling decisions
or data that would alter the conclusions reached in the November 8, 2012 Memorandum and
Order, the court denies plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration.
Motion for Extension of Time to File Appeal
Plaintiff also files a motion for extension of time to file a notice of appeal. Federal Rule
of Appellate Procedure 4(a)(1) provides, with certain exceptions, that a litigant seeking to appeal
a judgment or order issued in a civil case must file a notice of appeal within thirty days after the
date of entry of the judgment or order appealed from. Fed. R. App. P. 4(a)(1). Thus, the deadline
to appeal from the November 8, 2012 Order was Monday, December 10, 2012, since the thirtieth
day of Fed. R. App. 4 (a)(1) fell on Saturday, December 8, 2012. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(c) (“[I]f
the last day [of the time period specified in the rules] is a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday, the
period continues to run until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday or legal
holiday.”). Plaintiff filed his notice of appeal in the Court’s after hours drop box on December 8,
2012 and it is stamped with a file date of December 8, 2012. Thus, the notice of appeal was
timely received. Accordingly, the motion for extension of time to file a notice of appeal is
Accordingly, the motion to reconsider the Court’s Order dismissing the complaint is
DENIED. The motion for an extension of time to file a notice of appeal is DENIED because the
notice of appeal is timely. Since plaintiff has filed a timely notice of appeal, jurisdiction over
For example, plaintiff’s concern over notice and being named as a respondent and provided notice in the neglect or
abuse and removal proceedings, see e.g. Motion for Reconsideration at ¶ 21-22, 25, 29, 40-41, 45, 56, are processes
and procedures covered by the Family Court Act and, if the procedures provided therein are not followed, should be
raised and exhausted in state court. See generally, New York Practice Series - New York Family Court Practice §
2:47, Rights of non-respondent parents (October 2012).
this action now rests with the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. The Court
certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this Order would not be taken
in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis status is denied for purpose of an appeal.
Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444–45 (1962).
The Clerk of Court shall mail a copy of this Memorandum and Order to the plaintiff.
Roslynn R. Mauskopf
Dated: Brooklyn, New York
December 27, 2011
ROSLYNN R. MAUSKOPF
United States District Judge
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