Holocaust Victim Assets Litigation
ORDER denying 13 motion to alter judgment and denying request for a stay. Ordered by Judge Edward R. Korman on 5/30/2014. (Taffet, Eric)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
IN RE HOLOCAUST VICTIM ASSETS
MEMORANDUM & ORDER
-----------------------------------------------------This Document Relates to: All Cases
14-CV-00890 (ERK) (JO)
96-CV-04849 (ERK) (JO)
I have received a request, dated May 21, 2014, on behalf of the Conference on Jewish
Material Claims Against Germany (“Claims Conference”) for approval of the budget for the vital
humanitarian services to be provided in 2014 from funds allocated for the neediest victims of
Nazi persecution from the Swiss Banks Settlement Fund to some of the 70,000 destitute elderly
Jewish Victims of Nazi persecution living in the United, Israel, and other countries other than the
former Soviet Union (“FSU”). Some background discussion is necessary to place in context this
application and the objection to any allocation for the benefit of these victims.
This application involves an issue that has arisen on more than one occasion with respect
to the $1.25 billion settlement of the class action against the largest Swiss banks, Credit Suisse,
Union Bank of Switzerland and the Swiss Bank Corporation (the latter two of which merged
during the course of litigation). The background of the case and settlement is set out in In re
Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., 105 F. Supp. 2d. 139 (E.D.N.Y. 2000), and a discussion of some
of the post-settlement issues may be found at In re Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., 302 F. Supp.
2d 89 (E.D.N.Y. 2004), which was affirmed by the Second Circuit in an opinion by Judge
Cabranes that contains a complete discussion of the background and history of the case. See In
re Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., 424 F.3d 132 (2d Cir. 2005), cert. denied, 547 U.S. 1206
The specific issue here involves a dispute relating to the allocation of part of the proceeds
of the settlement. Briefly, one of the classes benefitting from the settlement was comprised of
victims of Nazi persecution from whom assets were looted by the Nazis and the plunder of which
was aided by Swiss banks and other Swiss entities. Special Master Judah Gribetz recommended
initially that $100 million be allocated to this Looted Assets Class and that the money be
distributed to its neediest members.
See Special Master’s Proposed Plan of Allocation &
Distribution of Settlement Proceeds, Vol. I at 110–42 (Sept. 11, 2000). As Judge Cabranes
observed, this reflected “the Special Master's recognition that the settlement fund, while
insufficient to repay even a small fraction of what was looted in the Holocaust, presented an
opportunity to provide meaningful assistance to the Looted Asset Class members who are in the
greatest financial need.” In re Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., 424 F.3d 132, 141 (2d Cir. 2005)
(internal citations and quotation marks omitted). Thus, the Special Master proposed “an initial
allocation of $100 million to cy pres programs designed to benefit the neediest elderly survivors
of the Holocaust—who perhaps would be less in need today had their assets not been looted and
their lives nearly destroyed. Needy Jewish survivors would receive 90% of the $100 million
fund, and the remaining 10% would be distributed to needy Roma, Jehovah's Witness, disabled,
and homosexual survivors.” Id. (internal citations and quotation marks omitted).
On September 25, 2002, I adopted a supplemental recommendation of the Special Master
that an additional $45 million in “excess” funds be allocated to that class. Finally, on November
17, 2003, I adopted the recommendation of the Special Master that $60 million in “excess” funds
be allocated to the Looted Assets Class and be distributed in accordance with the cy pres
principles that have successfully governed the administration of the initial allocation and
distribution of $100 million to the Looted Assets Class in 2001, and the first supplemental
allocation and distribution of $45 million in 2002. This brought the total allocation to the
neediest victims to $205 million.
In a letter dated March 22, 2013, Special Master Judah Gribetz and Deputy Special
Master Shari Reig advised me that the accountants to the Settlement Fund had concluded that
“approximately $54.5 million will remain from the $1.25 billion Settlement Fund, now that all
claims processes ha[d] been completed. A total of $1.24 billion ha[d] been allocated to class
members, which [could] increase to approximately $1.29 billion with the allocation of these
residual funds, so that payments to Holocaust victims and heirs will have exceeded the amount of
the settlement.” Letter from Special Master, 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4878. As I had previously
made clear, my intention was always to distribute residual funds to the neediest Holocaust
survivors as members of the Looted Assets Class. In re Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., 302 F.
Supp. 2d 89 (E.D.N.Y. 2004). Relying on more current empirical evidence similar to that which
I relied upon in making the initial and subsequent allocations, see Elizabeth Tighe, et al., Jewish
Elderly Nazi Victims: Update (Jan. 2013), 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4873, I filed a draft order which
proposed that the same formula for determining the asset allocation be applied to the residual
funds. Thus, as previously, 90% of the $50 million in residual funds would be allocated to needy
Jewish Nazi victims, of which 75% would be allocated to needy victims in the FSU. These
funds would be administered on the Court's behalf by the JDC. The other 25% would be
administered on the Court's behalf by the Claims Conference, of which 12.5 % would be
allocated to needy victims in Israel, and the other 12.5 % to needy victims in the rest of the
world. Ten percent (10%) of the $50 million in residual funds would be allocated to programs
serving Roma victims of the Nazis, to be administered on the Court’s behalf by the IOM.
On April 18, 2013, I granted the request of Holocaust Survivors’ Foundation-USA and
various named individuals (collectively “HSF-USA”) for an extension until May 10, 2013, to
object to the draft order. No objection was filed by that date. Consequently, on May 13, 2013, I
signed the order submitted by the Special Masters. In re Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., Nos. 96CV-4849 (ERK) (MDG), 96-CV-5161, 97-CV-461, 2013 WL 2152667 (E.D.N.Y. May 13,
On May 14, 2013 HSF-USA filed a letter opposing the Special Masters’
recommendation. Reply in Opp., 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4887. The opposition was untimely and
I decline to consider it. Subsequently, HSF-USA filed a Rule 59 motion for rehearing on June
10, 2013, the last day for filing such a motion. Mot. to Alter J., 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4893. The
motion essentially constituted an attack on the integrity of the JDC and the Claims Conference.
HSF-USA also sought a stay of any further distribution pending “a searching investigation and
public hearing into their handling of previous allocations.” HSF-USA Mot. for Reh’g at 13, 96cv-4849, ECF No. 4893.
On May 23, 2014, I addressed HSF-USA’s objection to the role of the JDC and denied
the motion for rehearing and a stay. In re Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., Nos. 14-CV-890
(ERK) (JO), 96-CV-4849 (ERK) (JO), 2014 WL 2171144 (E.D.N.Y. May 23, 2014). I address
the objection to the allocation made to the neediest victims of Nazi persecution in the United
States, Israel, and other countries other than the FSU that is being administered by the Claims
Conference. The allocation formula, to which I have already alluded, is not an issue on this
motion. Instead, the motion is an attack on the honesty and integrity of the Claims Conference.
I deny the motion for a stay, and will address in an opinion to follow the motion to conduct an
inquisition of the Claims Conference.
I deny the motion for a stay for two reasons. First, after reviewing the record, I have
concluded that there is no justification for the inquisition HSF-USA seeks. Second, because of
the manner in which the Claims Conference administers the funds for the neediest victims, there
is no reasonable likelihood of any impropriety, much less one that could not easily be
discovered. Unlike the JDC, the Claims Conference does not directly provide assistance to
needy survivors. Instead, it provides funds to agencies who serve that population. As Greg
Schneider, the Executive Vice President of the Claims Conference writes in his declaration in
response to HSF-USA’s motion:
We have attached a list of all Claims Conference distributions from
the Swiss Banks Settlement Looted Assets Class.
participating agency had ample opportunity, over the course of ten
years, to alert the Claims Conference or complain to the Court if
any of the funds in question did not reach an intended recipient.
Surely, if a sum of money designated for a particular agency was
not received, the agency would have made that known. There has
not been one such accusation of impropriety.
Schneider Decl. ¶ 27, 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4920-1. Not only has HSF-USA not provided
evidence of a single instance of impropriety with respect to the Claims Conference
administration of funds from the Looted Assets Class, but the Claims Conference’s current
application contains a list of every agency to which it intends to provide funds in 2014, including
five in Florida, see Letter from Greg Schneider (May 21, 2014), 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4961,
where HSF-USA’s attorneys have their practice. The latter can easily determine by inquiry to
those agencies whether the funds designated for them have been received.
Moreover, Mr. Schneider’s declaration continues:
over the years, several billion dollars [other than monies from the
Looted Assets Class funds] have been allocated by the Claims
Conference for welfare programs which provide, among other
support, homecare, emergency assistance, and medicine for the
benefit of hundreds of thousands of Holocaust survivors
worldwide. And no independent fraud has been found related to
the social welfare funds and programs administered by the Claims
Schneider Decl. ¶ 28, 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4920-1.
This is not the only reason I deny the motion for a stay. There is also a standing issue in
this case. Only four percent (4%) of the monies allocated for distribution to the neediest victim
outside the FSU are designated for survivors in the United States. I have previous explained the
reasons for that relatively small percentage. See In re Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., 302 F.
Supp. 2d 89 (E.D.N.Y. 2004), aff’d, 424 F.3d 132 (2d Cir. 2005). Thus, of the total $2,205,000,
which the Claims Conference has budgeted for 2014, $356,500 is for survivors in the United
States. Letter from Greg Schneider (May 21, 2014), 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4961. By contrast,
$1,102,500 is for needy survivors in Israel. Id. The State of Israel has previously appeared in
this action on behalf of those survivors. Nevertheless, it has voiced no objection to the Special
Masters’ recommendation of March 22, 2013. Nor has it objected to the Claims Conference’s
proposed distribution for 2014. HSF-USA has no standing to object to the Claims Conference’s
administration of Looted Assets funds for any country other than the United States. See In re
Holocaust Victim Assets Litig., Nos. 14-CV-890 (ERK) (JO), 96-CV-4849 (ERK) (JO), 2014
WL 2171144, at *4-5 (E.D.N.Y. May 23, 2014) (discussing the lack of standing of HSF-USA to
object to the administration of funds for the neediest victims in the FSU by the JDC).
Moreover, for the reasons to which I have already alluded, even though HSF–USA has
standing to object to the administration of Looted Assets funds in the United States by the
Claims Conference, it has not made a showing sufficient to justify a stay, even for the
expenditure of $356,500. The Supreme Court has held that “[a] stay is not a matter of right, even
if irreparable injury might otherwise result. It is instead an exercise of judicial discretion, and
[t]he propriety of its issue is dependent upon the circumstances of the particular case. . . . The
party requesting a stay bears the burden of showing that the circumstances justify an exercise of
that discretion.” Nken v. Holder, 556 U.S. 418, 434-35 (2009) (internal citations and quotation
marks omitted). HSF-USA has not met its burden of showing that the circumstances justify and
exercise of that discretion.
While I have not specifically addressed the merits of the attack on the Claims
Conference, I call attention to a letter of Stuart Eizenstat. Mr Eizenstat has served in various
positions in the administration of Presidents Carter and Clinton. These positions include chief
White House domestic policy adviser, U.S. Ambassador to the European Union, Under Secretary
of Commerce for International Trade, Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business and
Agricultural Affairs, and Deputy Secretary of the Treasury in the Clinton Administration. Mr.
Eizenstat led the team from the Claims Conference that negotiated an agreement with the Federal
Republic of Germany that provides for “approximately $1 billion over the four year period,
2014-2017, for homecare for Jewish Nazi victims, with the annual amount increasing every year
through 2017.” Eizenstat Letter (May 28, 2013), 96-cv-4849, ECF No. 4920-3.
In his letter to the Chairman of the Board of the Claims Conference, Mr. Eizenstat goes
on to express his gratitude to Greg Schneider, the Executive Vice President of the Claims
Conference, for his contribution to that agreement:
I wanted to personally let you know of my gratitude to Greg
Schneider for having the vision and drive to organize this
campaign, which has culminated in this agreement. Greg has it a
priority to gather detailed information and data on the growing
plight of aging Nazi victims and present it to the German
government in an effective and compelling fashion in order to
demonstrate their increasing needs to the German government. His
dedication and professionalism are above and beyond what could
be expected, and he made it clear throughout this process that he
was absolutely committed to obtaining the funding to which the
Finance Ministry ultimately agreed. Greg’s passion and integrity
are well appreciated by out German government interlocutors. The
lives of tens of thousands of Holocaust victims will be made easier
in their old age due to Greg’s skill and vision.
The needy Holocaust survivors have benefitted from the extraordinary efforts of Mr.
Schneider and the Claims Conference. They deserve praise, rather than scorn, for their work.
The motion for rehearing and a stay is denied. I intend to file supplemental opinion with
respect to the motion for rehearing. I decline to delay, however, the distribution of funds to the
neediest victims of the Holocaust outside of the FSU.
Brooklyn, New York
May 30, 2014
Edward R. Korman
Senior United States District Judge
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