Martin El v. John Doe et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER. For the reasons explained in the attached M&O, the Court grants in part and denies in part 16 the City's motion to compel: Plaintiff is directed to furnish counsel for the City with an executed section 160.50 release by February 5, 2016. (See attached M&O.) Ordered by Magistrate Judge Roanne L. Mann on 1/28/2016. (Dollar, Thomas)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
C. MARTIN EL,
Defendants, et. al,
ROANNE L. MANN, UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE:
Currently pending before this Court is a request by defendant City of New York (the
“City”) for an order compelling pro se plaintiff C. Martin El (“plaintiff”) to serve the City
with executed authorizations (1) for the release of records sealed pursuant to New York
Criminal Procedure Law § 160.50 (hereinafter, “section 160.50 release” or “unsealing
release”) and (2) for the release of medical records (hereinafter, “medical release”) by a date
certain. See Letter in Response to the Court’s January 20, 2016 Memorandum and Order
(Jan. 25, 2016) (“Def. Letter”), Electronic Case Filing (“ECF”) Docket Entry (“DE”) #16.1
For the reasons that follow, the City’s motion is granted in part and denied in part without
The pro se complaint in this action asserts claims for, among other things, false arrest
and excessive force, arising out of plaintiff’s arrest in or around Citi Field in Queens, New
Although the City’s January 25th letter does respond to the Court’s January 20th
Memorandum and Order, it should nevertheless have been docketed into ECF as a lettermotion, inasmuch as it also seeks judicial action.
York, on the evening of October 31, 2015.2 See Complaint (Nov. 12, 2015) (“Compl.”), DE
#1 at 1-4.3 Because the criminal charges were dismissed and the records sealed in accordance
with state law, see supra note 2, the City requested that plaintiff provide defense counsel with
an executed section 160.50 release to unseal the records, in order to enable counsel for the
City to properly investigate the claims in this case. In addition to the section 160.50 release,
the City, citing plaintiff’s claim that he suffered injuries as a result of the charged encounter,
also asked that plaintiff produce an executed medical release. See generally Def. Letter at 2.
In response to the City’s request for releases, plaintiff insisted upon a series of
conditions, including that the City return all property seized at the time of his arrest, and that
defense counsel cooperate in providing plaintiff with discovery. See Plaintiff’s First Letter at
2. The City argues that “it should not have to agree to conditions in order to be able to access
records that plaintiff has necessarily placed at issue in bringing this action,” and that
plaintiff’s demand for discovery and inspection is “premature.” Def. Letter at 2. Indeed,
according to the City, without the sealed arrest records for which it seeks a release, the City
cannot identify the vouchered property at issue. See id.
The City’s argument with respect to its need for a section 160.50 release is well
According to documentation from the Queens County District Attorney’s Office, which
plaintiff filed with the Court, the arrest date was in fact November 1, 2015, and the records
were sealed following dismissal of the charges prior to arraignment. See 11/1/15 Letter from
Assistant District Attorney George Farrugia, attached to Letter filed by Plaintiff (docketed
Jan. 4, 2016) (“Plaintiff’s First Letter”), DE #12.
The complaint also references a prior arrest of plaintiff by the same officer (subsequently
identified as Norris Cordova) on July 14, 2013, as well as earlier “incident[s]” involving that
officer. See Compl., DE #1 at 3-4, 7. However, it is unclear if plaintiff purports to assert
claims arising out of those prior incidents or whether those encounters are mentioned solely as
founded. In fact, from its many years of handling pretrial matters in lawsuits alleging false
arrest, this Court is aware that the City routinely requests that plaintiffs provide unsealing
releases prior to filing answers in such cases -- and, in the few cases in which plaintiffs have
not provided such releases, the Court has ordered them to do so. In this case, plaintiff has
proffered no reason for the Court to depart from its usual practice. Without an unsealing
release, the City will be unable to access the records that it needs in order to craft a response
to the complaint and to provide plaintiff with discovery. Therefore, plaintiff is hereby
directed to serve on defense counsel, by February 5, 2016, an executed release for sealed
records pertaining to each arrest or police encounter that is the predicate for his claims in this
The Court further concurs with the City that plaintiff’s discovery demands -- which he
characterizes as preconditions to his providing the requested releases -- are premature.
Therefore, the Court strikes those conditions, without prejudice to plaintiff serving discovery
demands after the City has responded to the complaint and the Court has established a
By the same token, the Court denies without prejudice the City’s demand for plaintiff
to produce a medical release or releases. In contrast to the City’s immediate need for the
sealed arrest records, the City identifies no urgency in connection with its securing plaintiff’s
medical records. To be sure, the Court is aware that obtaining records from non-party
medical providers is often a slow process; for that reason, counseled plaintiffs often
voluntarily provide such authorizations even before the City has answered the complaint.
Here, however, plaintiff is proceeding pro se, and the City has not provided the Court with a
copy of an appropriately tailored medical release or even with a description of the scope of the
release that is being sought. In these circumstances, the Court denies without prejudice the
City’s request for an order compelling plaintiff to provide an executed but unspecified medical
release. Nevertheless, the parties are encouraged to attempt to agree upon a limited release
for records relevant to the injuries that plaintiff claims to have sustained as a result of his
encounter with Officer Cordova on or about October 31, 2016.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court grants in part and denies in part the City’s motion
to compel: Plaintiff is directed to furnish counsel for the City with an executed section 160.50
release by February 5, 2016.
The Clerk is requested to docket this Memorandum and Order into the ECF court file
and to transmit a copy to plaintiff by Federal Express.
Brooklyn, New York
January 28, 2016
Roanne L. Mann
ROANNE L. MANN
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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