Jones v. New York State Workers' Compensation Board et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: For the reasons stated above, plaintiff s complaint is dismissed. The Court finds that amendment of the complaint would be futile, so the Cow1need not grant leave to amend. See Nielsen v. Rabin, 746 F.3d 58, 62 (2d Cir. 2014). The Clerk of Court is directed to close the case and to enter judgment accordingly. The Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis status is denied for the purpose of any appeal. Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45 (1962). Ordered by Judge Carol Bagley Amon on 5/25/2017. (fwd for Judgment) (Fernandez, Erica)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
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WILLIE F. JONES,JR.,
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
xirw YORK STATE WORKERS'
NEW vr»DV CXATC
MEMORANDUM & ORDER
COMPENSATION BOARD;NEW YORK
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STATE INSURANCE FUND; ROCCO
BRINDISSI; and DAVID ROSEN BAKERIES,
AMON,United States District Judge:
On October 19, 2016, plaintiff Willie F. Jones, Jr. filed this pro se action against the New
York State Workers' Compensation Board, New York State Insurance Fund,Rocco Brindissi, and
David Rosen Bakeries, Inc. (collectively, "defendants"). (D.E. # 1 ("Compl.").) Plaintiff was
injured while working as a delivery driver for David Rosen Bakeries, Inc. and now seeks New
York State Workers' Compensation benefits. Plaintiffs request to proceed in forma pauperis
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 is granted.
For the reasons discussed below, the complaint is
On September 15, 1989, plaintiff was injured while making deliveries for his employer,
David Rosen Bakeries,Inc. (Compl.at 11.) Plaintifffiled a timely Workers' Compensation claim,
and alleges that the New York State Insurance Fund("SIF")"made the payments to me for injuries
until 3/93. I was [paid] $35,000 and promised continued payments after 3/98 (5 yrs) that didn't
happen ...." (Id at 8.) He further claims that the SIF "promised me if I take the settlement of
$35,000 I wouldn't get paid for 5 yrs. if I was disabled. I was disabled as of 3/98 and I'm still
disabled now 18 yrs. 8c 7 mon. later." (Id. at 7-8.) Now,more than 18 years later, plaintiff brings
the instant action alleging that he is owed $112,600. (Id) Plaintiff further seeks $600 million in
money damages. (Id at 12.)
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), the Court is required to dismiss a complaint filed in
forma pauneris if it: (1)"is frivolous or malicious,"(2)"fails to state a claim upon which relief
may be granted," or(3)"seeks monetary relieffrom a defendant who is immune from such relief."
Leave to amend must be granted if a liberal reading of the pleading "gives any indication that a
valid claim might be stated." Cuoco v. Moritsueu. 222 F.3d 99, 112 (2d Cir. 2000)(internal
quotation marks and citations omitted).
At the pleading stage,the Court must assume the truth of"all well-pleaded, nonconclusory
factual allegations in the complaint." Kiobel v. Roval Dutch Petroleum Co.. 621 F.3d III, 123
(2d Cir. 2010). A complaint must plead "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on
its face." Bell Atl. Com, v. Twomblv. 550 U.S. 544,570(2007). "A claim has facial plausibility
when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that
the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Ashcroft v. labal. 556 U.S. 662,678 (2009).
All allegations contained in the complaint are assumed to be true, but this tenet is "inapplicable to
legal conclusions." Id Although pro se complaints must contain sufficient factual allegations to
meet the plausibility standard,see Harris v. Mills. 572 F.3d 66,72(2d Cir. 2009),the Court reviews
such allegations by reading the complaint with "special solicitude" and interpreting the allegations
to raise the "strongest arguments that they suggest," Triestman v. Fed. Bureau ofPrisons.470 F.3d
471,474-75(2d Cir. 2006).
Eleventh Amendment Immunity
Unless expressly waived by a state, or lawfully abrogated by Congress, the Eleventh
Amendment limits the federal courts' subject matter jurisdiction by immunizing states from suits
in federal court brought by its own citizens or those from another state. Pennhurst State Sch. v.
Halderman. 465 U.S. 89, 98-100 (1984). The Eleventh Amendment also bars suits for damages
against state agencies and state officials acting in their official capacity, absent the state's consent
to suit or an express or statutory waiver ofimmunity. Bd. of Trustees of Univ. of Ala, v. Garrett.
531 U.S. 356, 363(2001); Will v. Mich. Den't of State Police. 491 U.S. 58, 71 (1989).
Plaintiffs claims against the New York State Workers' Compensation Board ("the Board")
are barred under the Eleventh Amendment. The State of New York has established the Board as
its administrative agency exclusively empowered to hear and decide claims for workers'
compensation benefits. Accordingly, courts in the Second Circuit have consistently held that the
Board has not consented to suit and enjoys Eleventh Amendment immunity. See, e.g.. Palma v.
Workers' Compensation Bd. ofthe State ofN.Y.. 151 F. App'x 20,22(2d Cir. 2005)(holding that
"the Board is immune from suits that are brought in federal courts by New York citizens or by
citizens of another state."); Smith v. Workers' Compensation Bd. of State of N.Y.. No. 89-CV2748(ADS), 1990 WL 47778, at *2(E.D.N.Y. Apr. 3, 1990), affd. 923 F.2d 844(2d Cir. 1990).
The SIF is also a state agency of purely statutory origin that is constitutionally immune from suit
under the Eleventh Amendment. See N.Y. Workers' Compl. L.§ 76; Lioofskv v. Steineut. 86 F.3d
15, 17 (2d Cir. 1996)(finding that the SIF is a state agency entitled to Eleventh Amendment
Plaintiffalso brings claims against Rocco Brindissi, a caseworker for the Board with whom
plaintiff has spoken "about [his] money." (Compl. at 10.) Because plaintiff brings claims against
Brindissi in his official capacity as a state employee, his claims against Brindissi are barred by
Eleventh Amendment sovereign immunity. See Pennhurst. 465 U.S. at 101 (holding "[tjhe
Eleventh Amendment bars a suit against state officials when 'the state is the real, substantial party
in interest.'"(quoting Ford Motor Co. v. Dep't of Treasurv. 323 U.S. 459,464(1945))); see also
Edelman v. Jordan. 415 U.S. 651, 663 (1974) (suits against state employees in their official
capacities are barred by the Eleventh Amendment).
Plaintiffs Claims Against David Rosen Bakeries,Inc.
Plaintiff also brings claims against his former employer, David Rosen Bakeries, Inc.,
relating to his on-the-job injury. Section 11 of the New York Workers' Compensation Law
"provides that Workers' Compensation is the exclusive remedy available to employees injured
during the course of their employment." Wilson v. Danka Corp.. No. Ol-CV-10592, 2002 WL
31929120, at *6 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 28, 2003)(citing Torres v. Pisano. 116 F.3d 625, 640 (2d Cir.
1997)). Accordingly, this Court is barred from adjudicating plaintiffs claims against his former
For the reasons slated above, plaintiffs complaint is dismissed. The Court finds that
amendment of the complaint would be futile, so the Court need not grant leave to amend. Sec
Nielsen v. Rabin. 746 F.3d 58, 62(2d Cir. 2014). The Clerk of Court is directed to close the case
and to enter judgment accordingly. The Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that
any appeal would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauoeris status is denied for
the purpose of any appeal. Coppedse v. United States. 369 U.S. 438,444-45 (1962).
Brooklyn, New York
s/Carol Bagley Amon
United States DiitricI Judge
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