Walker et al v. Flagstar Bancorp, Inc.
ORDER DISMISSING CASE: For the reasons stated in the attached, Plaintiffs' Complaint is dismissed sua sponte. See Fitzgerald v. First E. Seventh St. Tenants Corp., 221 F.3d 362, 363 (2d Cir. 2000). The Clerk of Court is respectfully requested to enter judgment and close the case accordingly. Ordered by Judge Pamela K. Chen on 4/16/2018. (Hess, Alexandra)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
BEVAN WALKER, PAMELLA M. WALKER,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
- againstFLAGSTAR BANCORP, INC. HOLDING
COMPANY FOR FLAGSTAR BANK,
PAMELA K. CHEN, United States District Judge:
Plaintiffs Bevan Walker and Pamella M. Walker, proceeding pro se, bring this action to
vacate a state court judgment entered against them in a mortgage foreclosure action. For the
reasons stated herein, the Court sua sponte dismisses Plaintiffs’ complaint. 1
On January 3, 2018, 2 a state court judgment was entered against Plaintiffs in a mortgage
foreclosure action, Flagstar Bank, FSB v. Bevan Walker, et al., Index No. 8230/11 (N.Y. Sup. Ct.
Kings Cty.), in the amount of $798,420.45. (Complaint (“Compl.”), Dkt. 1, at 1, 3-4, 12-14.) 3 On
March 15, 2018, Plaintiffs filed this instant action, alleging that the state court judgment is void
for “lack of subject matter [jurisdiction]” and seeking injunctive relief and vacatur. (Id. at 1-2.)
The Court notes that Plaintiffs are currently suing Defendant in a separate action before
this Court, Walker v. Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., 17-CV-4829, alleging violations of the Truth in
Lending Act in connection with the same state foreclosure action. In an order dated April 16,
2018, the Court granted Defendant’s motion to dismiss that matter.
The Court notes that, according to Defendant, the state court judgment was entered on
March 2, 2018. (Dkt. 9, at 2.) The difference in dates does not affect the Court’s decision in this
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Plaintiffs also allege that Defendant provided “no documents showing that . . . the total amount
due [is] $798.420.45[.]” (Id. at 4-5.) According to Plaintiffs, without these records, “it is
impossible to validate the accuracy of the amount due” and, therefore, the state court judgment
should be voided. (Id. at 5.)
The Court dismisses Plaintiffs’ complaint in this matter, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 12(b)(1), for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction. “A case is properly dismissed for lack
of subject matter jurisdiction under Rule 12(b)(1) when the district court lacks the statutory or
constitutional power to adjudicate it.” Makarova v. United States, 201 F.3d 110, 113 (2d Cir.
2000). Under the Rooker–Feldman doctrine, “federal district courts lack jurisdiction over cases
that essentially amount to appeals of state court judgments.” Vossbrinck v. Accredited Home
Lenders, Inc., 773 F.3d 423, 426 (2d Cir. 2014); see also Nath v. JP Morgan Chase Bank, No. 15CV-3937 (KMK), 2016 WL 5791193, at *6 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 30, 2016). The doctrine is “rooted in
the principle that ‘appellate jurisdiction to reverse or modify a state-court judgment is lodged . . .
exclusively in [the Supreme] Court.’” Vossbrinck, 773 F.3d at 426 (quoting Exxon Mobil Corp. v.
Saudi Basic Indus. Corp., 544 U.S. 280, 283-84 (2005)). There are “four requirements for the
application of Rooker–Feldman”: (1) the federal-court plaintiff lost in state court; (2) the plaintiff
“complain[s] of injuries caused by a state court judgment”; (3) the plaintiff “invite[s] . . . review
and rejection of that judgment”; and (4) the state judgment was “rendered before the district court
proceedings commenced.” Hoblock v. Albany Cnty. Bd. of Elecs., 422 F.3d 77, 85 (2d Cir. 2005)
(internal alterations and quotation marks omitted).
All four factors are clearly met in this case. As an initial matter, there is no question that
Plaintiffs lost in the state foreclosure action, and the foreclosure judgment was entered before
Plaintiffs filed their federal complaint. Next, Plaintiffs “invite . . . review and rejection” of the
state court judgment. Plaintiffs attempt “to invalidate . . . the State Court’s determination that
[Defendant] had standing to foreclose on the Subject Property [and] asks the ‘federal court to
review the state proceedings and determine that the foreclosure judgment was issued in error,’
which is barred by Rooker-Feldman.” Nath, 2016 WL 5791193, at *7 (quoting Vossbrinck, 773
F.3d at 427). Finally, Plaintiffs allege that they were injured by the state court judgment. “[T]he
injury of which Plaintiffs ‘complain’ in this claim for relief, and which [they] seek to have
remedied, is the state foreclosure judgment. This is evident from the relief [Plaintiffs] request[,
i.e.,] . . . to have the state judgment declared ‘void.’” Vossbrinck, 773 F.3d at 427; (see also Compl.
at 1-2.). Therefore, Plaintiffs’ claims are barred by the Rooker-Feldman doctrine, and their
complaint is dismissed. See Ford v. U.S. Dep’t of Treasury I.R.S., 50 F. App’x 490, 491 (2d Cir.
2002) (“In essence, [Plaintiffs] seek a declaration that the foreclosure judgment is void, thereby
requiring reversal of the state court foreclosure judgment . . . and, as a result, [are] barred by
Rooker–Feldman.”); Nath, 2016 WL 5791193, at *6 (collecting cases). 4
To the extent Plaintiffs’ pro se complaint can be liberally construed as asserting that the
Court should “grant [Plaintiffs] title to [their] property because the foreclosure judgment was
obtained fraudulently, Rooker-Feldman bars [Plaintiffs’] claim.” Vossbrinck, 773 F.3d at 427.
Unlike in Plaintiffs’ other case before the Court, Walker v. Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., 17-CV-4829,
Plaintiffs do not assert fraud claims in this action that overcome abstention, such as “seek[ing]
damages from Defendant for injuries [Plaintiffs] suffered from [Defendant’s] alleged fraud.” Id.
Given the nature of Plaintiffs’ claim in this action and because Plaintiffs have already filed another
lawsuit alleging fraud, the Court does not grant Plaintiffs leave to amend their complaint in the
instant action. Charlot v. Ecolab, Inc., 97 F. Supp. 3d 40, 68 (E.D.N.Y. 2015) (“Courts may deny
a motion to amend where the proposed claims would be time-barred and therefore futile.”).
For the reasons stated herein, Plaintiffs’ complaint is dismissed. See Fitzgerald v. First E.
Seventh St. Tenants Corp., 221 F.3d 362, 363 (2d Cir. 2000). The Clerk of Court is respectfully
requested to enter judgment and close the case accordingly.
/s/ Pamela K. Chen
PAMELA K. CHEN
United States District Judge
Dated: April 16, 2018
Brooklyn, New York
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