Suris v. Central Yeshiva Tomchei Tmimim Lubavitz Of The United States Of America
MEMORANDUM and ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION: The Court agrees with Magistrate Judge Blooms recommendation 6 that the case be dismissed pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). For the foregoing reasons, the plaintiffs objections are OVERRULED, and this case is DISMISSED for failure to prosecute. Ordered by Judge Frederic Block on 6/3/2021. (Innelli, Michael)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Case No. 1:20-cv-04229-FB-LB
-againstCENTRAL YESHIVA TOMCHEI
TMIMIM LUBAVITZ OF THE
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
For the Plaintiff:
Law Office of Mitchell S. Segal P.C.
1129 Northern Boulevard, Suite 404
Manhasset, NY 11030
BLOCK, Senior District Judge:
On September 10, 2020, Yaroslav Suris brought this action pursuant to the
Americans with Disabilities Act, the New York State Human Rights Law, and the
New York City Human Rights Law. Suris alleges that a website operated by Central
Yeshiva Tomchei Tmimim Lubavits of the United States of America (“Central
Yeshiva”) discriminates against him because “deaf and hard of hearing individuals
cannot understand the audio portion of videos on the Website and cannot get more
information about the CENTRAL YESHIVA that non-deaf and hard-of-hearing
individuals can.” See ECF No. 1 at 2.
On January 14, 2021, Magistrate Judge Bloom recommended that the case be
dismissed for failure to prosecute pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b).
After commencing this action, Suris filed proof of service on October 10,
2020, indicating that the summons and a copy of the complaint were served on
Central Yeshiva on September 22, 2020. See ECF No. 5. As a result, defendant’s
answer to plaintiff's complaint was due on October 13, 2020. Defendant failed to
answer or otherwise respond to plaintiff’s complaint. On October 29, 2020,
Magistrate Judge Bloom ordered plaintiff to “take appropriate action against
defendant by November 19, 2020, or [the Court] shall recommend that this case
should be dismissed.” Plaintiff neither moved for entry of default nor took any
other action to prosecute this matter, prompting Magistrate Judge Bloom’s sua
sponte report and recommendation recommending dismissal.
A district court “may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the
findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge.” 28 U.S.C. §
636(b)(1)(C). Any portion of such a report and recommendation to which a timely
objection has been made is reviewed de novo. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ.
P. 72(b)(3). “When a party makes only conclusory, or general objections, or simply
reiterates the original arguments,” however, “the Court will review the report
strictly for clear error.” Frankel v. City of New York, 2009 WL 465645, at *2
(E.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2009) (collecting cases); Nadolecki v. New York State Dep't of
Taxation & Fin., 2011 WL 2437481 at *1 (E.D.N.Y. June 15, 2011).
Counsel for Suris filed a timely objection on January 28, 2021. Without
citation to case law, he argues that the total delay attributable to a “filing error” in
his office “was fifty six (56) days” and that this Court should overrule the
Magistrate Judge on that basis. ECF No. 7 at 2.
A Court considering dismissal for failure to prosecute must consider five
factors, specifically whether:
(1) the plaintiff's failure to prosecute caused a delay of significant
duration; (2) plaintiff was given notice that further delay would result
in dismissal; (3) defendant was likely to be prejudiced by further
delay; (4) the need to alleviate court calendar congestion was carefully
balanced against plaintiff's right to an opportunity for a day in court;
and (5) the trial court adequately assessed the efficacy of lesser
U.S. ex rel. Drake v. Norden Sys., Inc., 375 F.3d 248, 254 (2d Cir. 2004); see also
Mayanduenas v. Bigelow, No. 20-1480-PR, 2021 WL 972965, at *2 (2d Cir. Mar.
16, 2021). “No one factor is dispositive” and courts must review “the dismissal in
light of the record as a whole.” Drake, 375 F.3d at 254.
As to the first factor, the delay was attributable to the plaintiff and lasted for
fifty-six days. Typically, delays of multiple months or years produce dismissal.
While there is no fixed time after which a delay becomes “unreasonable,” courts
have held that delays of multiple months are unreasonable. Fifty-five days is on the
low end of the spectrum, but the Court believes this factor weighs lightly in favor
As to the second factor, plaintiff was clearly given notice that further delay
would result in dismissal. The ECF entry in this case on October 29, 2020, states
“plaintiff shall take appropriate action against defendant by November 19, 2020, or
I shall recommend that this action should be dismissed.” This factor weighs
strongly in favor of dismissal.
With respect to factor three, the defendant has failed to answer the
complaint, minimizing any potential prejudice. The Court finds this factor to be
As to factor four, Magistrate Judge Bloom noted that courts must “diligently
manage their dockets and ‘cannot indefinitely wait’ for a plaintiff to again focus on
prosecuting a case.” ECF No. 6 at 3 (citing O'Rourke v. Nirvana, No.
19CIV4711PAEGWG, 2020 WL 1198326, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 12, 2020)).
Plaintiff has been afforded his day in court but has failed to diligently prosecute the
case. This factor weights in favor of dismissal.
Factor five focuses on whether lesser sanctions are appropriate. Magistrate
Judge Bloom noted that “[w]hen a plaintiff fails to respond once threatened with
dismissal, it is unlikely that a lesser sanction will result in reengagement in a
matter. See Ruzsa v. Rubenstein & Sendy Attys. at Law, 520 F.3d 176, 177 (2d Cir.
2008).” ECF No. 6 at 3. This Court agrees. Factor five weights lightly in favor of
The Court agrees with Magistrate Judge Bloom’s recommendation that the
case be dismissed pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). For the
foregoing reasons, the plaintiff’s objections are OVERRULED, and this case is
DISMISSED for failure to prosecute.
_/S/ Frederic Block________
Senior United States District Judge
Brooklyn, New York
June 3, 2021
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