Westchester Fire Insurance Company v. 31 Operating, LLC et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER: For the reasons stated in the attached, Plaintiff's motion 2 for a TRO is denied. The Court makes no finding with respect to Plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction and request for expedited discovery. The Co urt will hold a telephonic conference in this matter on February 24, 2020, at 10:00 a.m., during which it will set out a briefing schedule on Plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction and hear any request regarding discovery. Plaintiff shall serve Defendant with copies of its complaint, its motion papers, and this order by February 22, 2021. Ordered by Judge LaShann DeArcy Hall on 2/18/2021. (Williams, Erica) (Main Document 6 replaced on 2/18/2021) (Williams, Erica).
Case 1:21-cv-00802-DG-VMS Document 6 Filed 02/18/21 Page 1 of 3 PageID #: 112
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
WESTCHESTER FIRE INSURANCE
31 OPERATING, LLC, 31 GROUP, LLC, LASSO
OIL & GAS, LLC a/k/a LASSO OIL & GAS, J.
DOE(S) 1-10 (FICTICIOUS NAMES
REPRESENTING UNKNOWN INDIVIDUALS),
AND XYZ CORP(S) 1-10 (FICTICIOUS NAMES
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
21-cv-802 (LDH) (VMS)
LASHANN DEARCY HALL, United States District Judge:
Plaintiff Westchester Fire Insurance Company (“Westchester”) commenced this action
against Defendants 31 Operating, LLC (“31 Operating”), 31 Group, LLC (“31 Group”), Lasso
Oil & Gas, LLC a/k/a/ Lasso Oil & Gas, J. Doe(s) 1-10, and XYZ Corp(s) 1-10 on February 12,
2021. (Compl., ECF No. 1.) Plaintiff asserts claims for specific performance for collateral
security, contractual indemnification, breach of indemnity agreement, common law
indemnification, exoneration, subrogation, and quia timet. (Id.) On February 12, 2021, Plaintiff
filed a motion for a temporary restraining order (“TRO”), preliminary injunction, and expedited
discovery as to Defendants 31 Operating and 31 Group. (ECF No. 2.)
A preliminary injunction is an extraordinary and drastic remedy and should be granted
only where the moving party establishes (1) a likelihood of success on the merits, (2) a
likelihood that it will suffer irreparable harm if a preliminary injunction is not granted, (3) that
the balance of hardships tips in its favor, and (4) that the public interest is not disserved by relief.
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JBR, Inc. v. Keurig Green Mtn., Inc., 618 F. App'x 31, 33 (2d Cir. 2015). The standard for the
issuance of a TRO is essentially the same. Andino v. Fischer, 555 F. Supp. 2d 418, 419
(S.D.N.Y. 2008). However, unlike preliminary injunctions, “TROs . . . are characteristically
issued in haste, in emergency circumstances, to forestall irreparable harm.” Romer v. Green
Point Sav. Bank, 27 F.3d 12, 16 (2d Cir. 1994). Not surprisingly, then, a plaintiff's “[d]elay in
seeking enforcement of [its] rights . . . tends to indicate at least a reduced need for such drastic,
speedy action.” Citibank, N.A. v. Citytrust, 756 F.2d 273, 276 (2d Cir. 1985); see also Majorica,
S.A. v. R.H. Macy & Co., Inc., 762 F.2d 7, 8 (2d Cir. 1985) (“Lack of diligence, standing alone,
may . . . preclude the granting of preliminary injunctive relief, because it goes primarily to the
issue of irreparable harm.”). So is the case here.
According to the complaint, on or about March 30, 2017, 31 Operating and 31 Group
executed a General Agreement of Indemnity in favor of Plaintiff (the “Indemnity Agreement”).
(Compl. ¶ 9.) Under the first provision of the Indemnity Agreement, 31 Operating and 31 Group
are jointly and severally obligated to “pay or cause to be paid to the SURETY both the agreed
premium and, upon written request by the SURETY at any time, collateral security for its
suretyship . . ..” (Compl. ¶ 11.) Pursuant to that provision, Plaintiff, as surety, made a written
demand on 31 Operating and 31 Group to deposit with Plaintiff collateral security in the amount
of $1,241,250.00 by letter dated November 3, 2020. (Pl.’s Mem. L. Supp. TRO (“Pl.’s Mem.”)
8, ECF No. 2-1; see also Compl., Ex. 2, ECF No 1-6.) And, although Plaintiff demanded 31
Operating and 31 Group provide the collateral by November 24, 2020, the payment was not, and
to this day has not been, made. (Id.) This is Plaintiff’s first application for a TRO. In other
words, Plaintiff waited approximately three months to seek emergency relief from this Court.
Plaintiff’s delay undermines any need for speedy action by the Court. Citibank, 756 F.2d at 276-
Case 1:21-cv-00802-DG-VMS Document 6 Filed 02/18/21 Page 3 of 3 PageID #: 114
77 (ten-week delay was unreasonable); Carson Optical, Inc. v. Alista Corp., No. 19-CV-1725
(SFJ) (AKT), 2019 WL 3729460, at *5 (E.D.N.Y. Aug. 8, 2019) (two- to three-month delay was
Plaintiff's motion for a TRO is denied. The Court makes no finding with respect to
Plaintiff’s motion for a preliminary injunction and request for expedited discovery. The Court
will hold a telephonic conference in this matter on February 24, 2020, at 10:00 a.m., during
which it will set out a briefing schedule on Plaintiff's motion for a preliminary injunction and
hear any request regarding discovery. Plaintiff shall serve Defendant with copies of its
complaint, its motion papers, and this order by February 22, 2021.
Dated: Brooklyn, New York
February 18, 2021
LASHANN DEARCY HALL
United States District Judge
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