Cephas v. Nassau County Correctional Center
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS. For the reasons set forth herein, the Court HEREBY ADOPTS the well-reasoned and thorough Report and Recommendation in its entirety. Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Armor's motion to dismiss the a mended complaint is granted without prejudice, for the reasons articulated by Magistrate Judge Brown. Plaintiff shall have thirty (30) days from the date of this Order to submit a second amended complaint. Failure to file the amended complaint within thirty (30) days shall result in dismissal with prejudice for failure to prosecute. SO ORDERED. Ordered by Judge Joseph F. Bianco on 2/10/2014. (Chipev, George)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
NASSAU COUNTY CORRECTIONAL CENTER, :
JOSEPH F. BIANCO, District Judge:
On November 1, 2012, pro se plaintiff Samuel Cephas filed an amended complaint against
defendants Nassau County and Armor Correctional Health Services of New York. On March 22,
2013, defendant Armor Correctional Health Services of New York filed a motion to dismiss.
On January 23, 2014, Magistrate Judge Brown issued a Report and Recommendation
concluding that dismissal based on failure to exhaust available administrative remedies is
inappropriate at this stage of the litigation, but recommending “that the Amended Complaint be
dismissed without prejudice” because plaintiff’s allegations of deliberate indifference “show only
‘a difference of opinion’ between inmate and prison officials regarding medical treatment, which
‘does not give rise to a constitutional right [to] sustain a claim under § 1983.” (Report and
Recommendation, at 1, 6, 9 (citation omitted).) The Report and Recommendation states that “[a]ny
objections to the Report and Recommendation must be filed with the Clerk of the Court within 14
days,” and that failure to file objections within this period will preclude further review of the Report
and Recommendation or this Court’s order. (Id. at 10.) To date, although the deadline for objections
has expired, no objections have been filed.
A district judge may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings and
recommendations of the Magistrate Judge. See DeLuca v. Lord, 858 F. Supp. 1330, 1345 (S.D.N.Y.
1994); Walker v. Hood, 679 F. Supp. 372, 374 (S.D.N.Y. 1988). When a party submits a timely
objection to a report and recommendation, the district judge will review the parts of the report and
recommendation to which the party objected under a de novo standard of review. See 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1)(C) (“A judge of the court shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the
report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.”); Fed. R.
Civ. P. 72(b)(3) (“The district judge must determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge’s
disposition that has been properly objected to. The district judge may accept, reject, or modify the
recommended disposition; receive further evidence; or return the matter to the magistrate judge with
instructions.”). Where clear notice has been given of the consequences of failure to object, and there
are no objections, the Court may adopt the report and recommendation without de novo review. See
Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150 (1985) (“It does not appear that Congress intended to require
district court review of a magistrate’s factual or legal conclusions, under a de novo or any other
standard, when neither party objects to those findings.”); see also Mario v. P & C Food Mkts., Inc.,
313 F.3d 758, 766 (2d Cir. 2002) (“Where parties receive clear notice of the consequences, failure
timely to object to a magistrate’s report and recommendation operates as a waiver of further judicial
review of the magistrate’s decision.”). However, because the failure to file timely objections is not
jurisdictional, the district judge can still excuse the failure to object in a timely manner and exercise
its discretion to decide the case on the merits to, for example, prevent plain error. See Cephas v.
Nash, 328 F.3d 98, 107 (2d Cir. 2003) (“[B]ecause the waiver rule is non jurisdictional, we ‘may
excuse the default in the interests of justice.’” (quoting Thomas, 474 U.S. at 155)).
Although no objections have been filed and thus de novo review is not required, the Court,
in an abundance of caution, has conducted a de novo review of the Report and Recommendation and
HEREBY ADOPTS the well-reasoned and thorough Report and Recommendation in its entirety.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Armor’s motion to dismiss the amended complaint
is granted without prejudice, for the reasons articulated by Magistrate Judge Brown. Plaintiff shall
have thirty (30) days from the date of this Order to submit a second amended complaint. Failure to
file the amended complaint within thirty (30) days shall result in dismissal with prejudice for failure
JOSEPH F. BIANCO
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: February 10, 2014
Central Islip, New York
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