Nambiar v. The Central Orthopedic Group, LLP et al

Filing 69

MEMORANDUM ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION granting 53 Motion for Summary Judgment; denying 57 Motion for Reconsideration re 53 MOTION for Summary Judgment; adopting Report and Recommendation as to 66 Report and Recommendati on. For the stated reasons, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff's objections (ECF No. 67) are OVERRULED, the R&R (ECF No. 66) is ADOPTED in its entirety, and Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 53) is GRANTED. It is FURTHER O RDERED that Plaintiff's motions: (1) to strike; and (2) for reconsideration (ECF No. 57) are DENIED. It is FURTHER ORDERED that the Court declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiff's breach of contract claim. After judgment is entered in favor of Defendants, the Clerk of the Court is directed to mark this case CLOSED. So Ordered by Judge Joanna Seybert on 3/26/2024. (CV)

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK --------------------------------X SEEMA V. NAMBIAR, M.D., Plaintiff, MEMORANDUM & ORDER 19-CV-0938 (JS)(ARL) -againstTHE CENTRAL ORTHOPEDIC GROUP, LLP; DAVID ZITNER, M.D.; SCOTT SILVERBERG, M.D.; JORGE BAEZ, M.D.; MITCHELL KESCHNER, M.D.; JORDAN KERKER, M.D.; and FERNANDO CHECO, M.D., Defendants. --------------------------------X APPEARANCES For Plaintiff: Christopher J. DelliCarpini, Esq. Sullivan Papain Block McManus Coffinas & Cannavo P.C. 1140 Franklin Avenue, Suite 200 Garden City, New York 11530 Frank V. Floriani, Esq. Sullivan Papain Block McManus Coffinas & Cannavo P.C. 120 Broadway, 27th Floor New York, New York 10271 For Defendants: Daniel S. Moretti, Esq. Daniel Tarolli, Esq. Jamar Quartrell Green, Esq. Rebecca R. Embry, Esq. Tina Bhatt, Esq. Landman Corsi Ballaine & Ford P.C. 120 Broadway, 13th Floor New York, New York 10271 Aryeh Roskies, Esq. DTO Law 27 East 28th Street, Suite 15019 New York, New York 10016 SEYBERT, District Judge: On February 15, 2019, Plaintiff Seema V. Nambiar, M.D. (hereafter, “Plaintiff”) commenced this employment discrimination action against Defendants (hereafter, “Central Silverberg, M.D., The Central Orthopedic”), Jorge Baez, Orthopedic David M.D., Zitner, Mitchell Group, LLP M.D., Scott Keschner, M.D., Jordan Kerker, M.D., and Fernando Checo, M.D., (collectively, with Central Orthopedic, “Defendants”), alleging: (1) age discrimination in violation of 29 U.S.C § 623 and N.Y. Executive Law § 296(1); U.S.C. in (2) sex discrimination in violation of 42 § 2000e—2 and N.Y. Executive Law 296(1); (3) retaliation violation of 42 U.S.C. § 2000e—3 and N.Y. Executive Law § 296(7); (4) breach of contract; and (5) aiding and abetting discrimination and retaliation in violation of N.Y. Executive Law § 296(6). (See generally, Compl., ECF No 2.) On February 1, 2024, Magistrate Judge Arlene R. Lindsay (hereafter, “Judge Lindsay”) issued a Report and Recommendation (hereafter, “Report” or “R&R”) recommending the Court grant Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgement and deny Plaintiff’s joint Motion Exhibits. for Reconsideration (R&R, ECF No. 66, at 1.) and to Strike Defendants’ On February 9, 2024, Plaintiff filed Objections to Judge Lindsay’s R&R, to which Defendants responded on February 23, 2024. 2 (Objs., ECF No. 67; Reply to Objs., ECF No. 68.) For the reasons that follow, Plaintiff’s Objections are OVERRULED, the R&R is ADOPTED, and Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment is GRANTED in its entirety. The Court declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiff’s breach of contract claim. Accordingly, the Clerk of Court is directed to mark this case CLOSED. BACKGROUND I. Factual and Procedural Background The adopts, and Court presumes incorporates the parties’ herein, the background as set forth in the R&R. familiarity factual and (R&R at 1-26.) with, procedural See generally Sali v. Zwanger & Pesiri Radiology Grp., LLP, No. 19-CV-0275, 2022 WL 819178, at *1 (E.D.N.Y. Mar. 18, 2022) (where no party challenges magistrate background judge’s of recitation the case, upon of the clear factual error and review, procedural adopting and incorporating same into court’s order). II. Plaintiff’s Objections to the R&R Plaintiff Lindsay’s R&R. asserts In four particular, primary objections Plaintiff contends to Judge the R&R: (1) ignored the fact that Plaintiff met the first three McDonnell Douglas criteria for making a prima facie showing of sex discrimination and instead relied upon Plaintiff’s failure to meet the fourth criteria when recommending summary judgment be granted; (2) relied upon unauthenticated and inadmissible evidence, which 3 the Court should have stricken; (3) disregarded Plaintiff’s evidence indicating the reasons for Plaintiff’s termination were a pretext for sex discrimination; and (4) failed to analyze Plaintiff’s claims for aiding and abetting discrimination in light of “the Court’s determination [to grant summary judgment as to] the discrimination and retaliation claims.” In response, (1) appropriately focused Defendants on the (Objs. at 1-10.)1 argue fourth Judge element Lindsay: of sex discrimination under the McDonnell Douglas framework; (2) properly found the evidence submitted by Defendants could be authenticated and was admissible; (3) correctly concluded that Plaintiff cannot prove pretext; and (4) properly found Plaintiff’s aiding and abetting claims should be dismissed based upon the dismissal of the underlying sex discrimination claim. (Reply to Objs. at 1-9.) The Court finds Plaintiff’s Objections to be without merit and addresses each, in turn, below. Plaintiff does not object to Judge Lindsay’s recommendations to: (1) grant Defendants’ Summary Judgment Motion with regard to Plaintiff’s age discrimination claim; and (2) deny Plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration of her retaliation claim. Accordingly, Judge Lindsay’s recommendations as to those claims are reviewed for clear error. Kruger v. Virgin Atl. Airways, Ltd., 976 F. Supp. 2d 290, 296 (E.D.N.Y. 2013), aff’d, 578 F. App’x 51 (2d Cir. 2014) (“The Court reviews portions of the R&R to which a party makes no objection for clear error”). Upon clear error review of Judge Lindsay’s recommendations as to these claims, the Court finds none. Judge Lindsay’s recommendations to dismiss Plaintiff’s age discrimination claim and to deny Plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration are therefore ADOPTED. 1 4 DISCUSSION I. Legal Standard A. Report and Recommendation A district court “may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); see also FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b)(3). The district however, judge where a must party evaluate “makes proper only objections conclusory or de novo; general objections, or simply reiterates [the] original arguments, the Court reviews the Report and Recommendation only for clear error.” Pall Corp. v. Entegris, Inc., 249 F.R.D. 48, 51 (E.D.N.Y. 2008) (quoting Barratt v. Joie, No. 96–CV–0324, 2002 WL 335014, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 4, 2002)); FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b)(3); see also U.S. Small Bus. Admin. v. Ameritrans Holdings, LLC, No. 20-CV-1166, 2024 WL 704621, at *2 (E.D.N.Y. Feb. 21, 2024) (applying clear error review where “[d]efendants’ regurgitation of their original arguments [was] readily apparent when comparing their [underlying motion] to their [o]bjections”). Moreover, the Court need not review the findings and conclusions to which no proper objection has been made. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150 (1985). 5 B. Summary Judgment The Court shall grant summary judgment under Rule 56(a) when “the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” FED. R. CIV. P. 56(a). A fact is material for the purposes of resolving a summary judgment motion “when it might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law.” 808 F. App’x 14, 16 (2d Cir. 2020). Adamson v. Miller, “An issue of fact is ‘genuine’ if the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party.” Id. (quoting Jeffreys v. City of N.Y., 426 F.3d. 549, 553 (2d Cir. 2005)). “The movant bears the burden of ‘demonstrating absence of a genuine issue of material fact.’” the Nick’s Garage, Inc. v. Progressive Cas. Ins. Co., 875 F.3d 107, 114 (2d Cir. 2017) (quoting Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986)). This burden may be satisfied by either: (1) submitting evidence that negates an essential element of the non-moving party’s claim; or (2) by demonstrating that the non-moving party’s evidence is insufficient to establish an essential element of the non-moving party’s claim. Id. Once the moving party has met its burden, the non-moving party must “do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to material facts and instead offer some hard evidence showing that its version of events is not wholly 6 fanciful.” Stein v. County of Nassau, 417 F. Supp. 3d 191, 197 (E.D.N.Y. 2019) (citations omitted). “Summary judgment is inappropriate when the admissible materials in the record make it arguable that the claim has merit.” Kaytor v. Elec. Boat Corp., 609 F.3d 537, 545 (2d Cir. 2010) (citations and quotation marks omitted). In reviewing the record, the Court “may not make credibility determinations or weigh the evidence” as such determinations are to be made by the jury, not the judge. Id. (citing Reeves v. Sanderson Plumbing Prods. Inc., 530 U.S. 133, 150 (2000)). Accordingly, where an issue as to a material fact cannot be resolved without weighing the credibility of a witness, summary judgment is improper. Id. Finally, courts employ “an extra measure of caution” before “granting or affirming summary judgment in a discrimination action because direct evidence of discriminatory intent is rare.” Moll v. Telesector Res. Grp., Inc., No. 20-CV-3599, 2024 WL 820179, at *4–5 (2d Cir. Feb. 28, 2024) (citing Holtz v. Rockefeller & Co., Inc., 258 F.3d 62, 69 (2d Cir. 2001), abrogated in part on other grounds by Gross v. FBL Financial Services, Inc., 557 U.S. 167 (2009)). “Thus, the court must scrutinize affidavits and depositions carefully for circumstantial evidence that, if credited by the factfinder, could reasonably be interpreted as showing discrimination.” appropriate “even in Id. However, summary judgment may be discrimination 7 cases,” as “the salutary purposes of summary judgment — avoiding protracted, expensive and harassing trials — apply no less to discrimination cases than to other areas of litigation.” Weinstock v. Columbia Univ., 224 F.3d 33, 41 (2d Cir. 2000) (quoting Meiri v. Dacon, 759 F2d 989, 998 (2d Cir. 1985) (alterations omitted)). II. Analysis A. Plaintiff’s Objections Warrant Clear Error Review Turning to Plaintiff’s objections, the Court finds them to be “mere reiterations of the arguments in [the] original papers that were fully considered, and rejected, by” Judge Lindsay. of the Blue Wholesale, LLC v. Pac. Am. Fish Co., Out Inc., No. 19-CV-0254, 2020 WL 7488072, at *2 (E.D.N.Y. Dec. 21, 2020) (quoting Rizzi v. Hilton Domestic Operating Co., Inc., No. 19-CV1127, 2020 WL 6243713, at *2 (E.D.N.Y. Oct. 23, 2020) (collecting cases)). Indeed, Plaintiff’s regurgitation of her original arguments is apparent when comparing her underlying opposition to her objections. (Compare Opp. Support Memo, ECF No. 55, at 6-7 (arguing Plaintiff “undisputedly meets the first three elements” of the McDonnell Douglas standard and meets the fourth element based upon Defendants’ hiring of a younger physician who was not board-certified), 3-5 (arguing Defendants’ evidence should not be considered because it either cannot be authenticated or is not admissible), 12-16 (arguing certain comments made by Defendants are circumstantial evidence of pretext), 16-17 (acknowledging 8 Defendants’ argument that the aiding and abetting claims should be dismissed if there was “no discrimination in the first place,” and stating such argument is insufficient on its own to require dismissal), with Objs. 1-10 (same)). Thus, the Court reviews Judge Lindsay’s Report for clear error. B. Objection Criteria 1: Evaluation of the McDonnell Douglas As her first objection, Plaintiff asserts the Magistrate Judge erred by recommending the Court grant summary judgment despite the fact that she “did not even consider the first three McDonnell Douglas criteria, but rather . . . based her recommendation on her finding that [Plaintiff] failed to meet her burden on the fourth element.” premised upon a (Objs. at 3.) misunderstanding of the This objection is McDonnell Douglas standard, and accordingly the Court declines to sustain it. “Claims of sex-based discrimination under Title VII and NYHRL are analyzed using the familiar burden-shifting framework established in McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green.” Clay v. County of Suffolk, 404 F. Supp. 3d 737, 753 (E.D.N.Y. 2019); McDonnell Douglas, 411 U.S. 792 (1973). At the first step of the McDonnell Douglas framework, the plaintiff must establish a prima facie case of sex discrimination by demonstrating that (1) she was within the protected class; (2) she was qualified for the position; (3) she was subject to an adverse employment action; and (4) the adverse action 9 occurred under circumstances giving rise to an inference of discrimination. Id. (citing Walsh v. N.Y.C. Hous. Auth., 828 F.3d 70, 74-75 (2d Cir. 2006)) (internal citations omitted) (emphasis added). This standard makes clear, in order to make a prima facie showing of sex discrimination, a plaintiff must prove elements outlined above. each of the four Thus, even assuming Plaintiff was able to establish the first three elements of the McDonnell Douglas framework, Plaintiff’s failure to meet the fourth criteria, i.e., failing to show the adverse action occurred under circumstances giving rise to the inference of discrimination, is enough to grant summary judgment in favor of Defendants. See, e.g., Smith v. New York & Presbyterian Hosp., 440 F. Supp. 3d 303, 334 (S.D.N.Y. 2020) (granting summary judgment in defendants’ favor upon finding purported “adverse actions” were not taken in circumstances giving rise to an inference of discrimination); Chuang v. T.W. Wang Inc., 647 F. Supp. 2d 221, 230 (E.D.N.Y. 2009) (granting summary judgment in defendant’s favor where Plaintiff “failed to make a prima facie showing that the circumstances surrounding his termination give rise to an inference of discrimination”); Worrell v. N.Y.C. Dep’t of Educ., 140 F. Supp. 3d 231, 240 (E.D.N.Y. 2015) (same). Consequently, it was entirely appropriate for Judge Lindsay to recommend Defendants’ Summary Judgment Motion be granted based upon Plaintiff’s failure to establish 10 the requisite fourth McDonnell Douglas element, that is, that an adverse action occurred under circumstances giving rise to an inference of discrimination. C. Objection Evidence 2: Authentication and Admissibility of 1. Authentication Plaintiff argues Judge Lindsay impermissibly relied upon unauthenticated documents when recommending Defendants’ Summary Judgment Motion. the Court (Objs. at 4.) grant Notably, Plaintiff does not argue that the exhibits relied upon by Judge Lindsay were inauthentic, but rather, that Defendants “likely will never be able to authenticate” certain documents, while conceding that “Defendants will be able to at least authenticate their own statements.” (Id.) Plaintiff further asserts Defendants “made no attempt to authenticate any of their exhibits,” despite the fact that Defendants’ counsel, Rebecca Embry, swore under penalty of perjury that such exhibits were “true and correct copies” of what they purport to be. objecting, (Objs. at 4; Embry Decl., ECF No. 37.) Plaintiff misunderstands the law In so governing authentication of documents. As a general matter, “[t]o satisfy the requirement of authenticating or identifying an item of evidence, the proponent” need only “produce evidence sufficient to support a finding that the item is what the proponent claims it is.” FED.R. EVID 901(a). District courts have “broad discretion to determine whether a piece 11 of evidence has been properly authenticated.” United States v. Tin Yat Chin, 371 F.3d 31, 37 (2d Cir. 2004). Moreover where a party submits exhibits to the Court, which are properly supported by an attorney declaration swearing as to the exhibits’ authenticity, and where such documents were already produced by parties through the course of discovery, the Court may conclude the exhibits are “reasonably likely to be that which the defendants claim [them] to be.”2 Hallett v. Stuart Dean Co., 517 F. Supp. 3d 260, 268 (S.D.N.Y. 2021); Jenkins v. Portfolio Recovery Assocs., LLC, No. 14-CV-3532, 2017 WL 1323798, at *4, n.4 (E.D.N.Y. Feb. 13, 2017) (dismissing plaintiff’s claims that the documents relied upon for summary judgment had not been properly authenticated where, inter alia, the documents were supported by a declaration “under the penalty of perjury that [declarant] is an attorney familiar with this case, and that the documents submitted as exhibits to his declaration ‘are true and accurate copies of documents referenced’” in the summary judgment motion); (see also The Court further finds Plaintiff’s reliance upon Russo v. Estee Lauder Corporation, 856 F.Supp.2d 437 (2012), to be misplaced. In Russo, the undersigned granted plaintiff’s motion to strike a document as inauthentic where there were several indicia of unreliability. One such indicium was testimony from the purported author of the document who testified he did not recognize the document, did not believe the initials appearing on the document to be his, and did not recall having knowledge sufficient to support the statements made in the document. Id. at 446-47. Here, no such testimony exists, and, as stated supra and noted by Judge Lindsay, Plaintiff fails to dispute the authenticity of the documents at issue. (R&R at n.1.) 2 12 Emry Decl. and accompanying exhibits (swearing under penalty of perjury that the exhibits are “true and correct cop[ies]” of what they purport to be and including exhibits bearing bates stamps)). This is especially true where, as here, the party claiming the documents cannot be authenticated “offers no specific reason to doubt any document’s authenticity.” Hallett, 517 F. Supp. at 268. Furthermore, as Judge Lindsay aptly stated, “the Court has the discretion to consider unauthenticated or otherwise objectionable evidence where it is apparent that the party may be able to authenticate and establish the admissibility of those documents at trial.” (R&R at n.1 (citing Bhd. Mut. Ins. Co. v. Ludwigsen, No. 16-CV-6369, 2018 WL 4211319, at *5 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 4, 2018) (internal quotation marks omitted)). Therefore, in light of: (1) the Emry Declaration swearing to the authenticity of Defendants’ exhibits; (2) Plaintiff’s failure to assert any reason to doubt the exhibits’ authenticity; and (3) the Court’s finding that it is apparent Defendants would be able to authenticate said exhibits at considered Accordingly, trial, the Defendants’ Plaintiff’s Court finds Judge exhibits in objection concerning Lindsay issuing her Judge properly Report. Lindsay’s reliance upon purportedly unauthenticated documents is overruled. 2. Admissibility Plaintiff further avers that the exhibits relied upon by Judge Lindsay in the R&R are inadmissible because they are hearsay 13 and not subject to the “state of mind” exception set forth in Federal Rule of Evidence (“Rule”) 803(3). However, Judge Lindsay did not consider the purported hearsay evidence based upon the hearsay exception provided in Rule 803(3) for statements of a “declarant’s then-existing state of mind,” but rather, determined the statements were not hearsay at all because they were not being offered for the truth of the matter asserted. (R&R at n.1.) Indeed, hearsay “the Federal Rules of Evidence define as a declarant’s out-of-court statement offered in evidence to prove the truth of the matter asserted in the statement.” United States v. Dupree, 706 F.3d 131, 136 (2d Cir. 2013) (citing FED. R. EVID. 801(C) (internal quotations and alterations omitted)). The exhibits in question which purportedly contain hearsay accounts of complaints against Plaintiff were not offered for the truth; rather, they were being offered to show they were received by Defendants thereby prompting Defendants to believe there were issues with Plaintiff’s job performance. As Judge Lindsay correctly concluded, the critical determination to be made by the Court is not whether the work-related complaints made against a plaintiff are true, but rather, the employer’s “state of mind” when making employment decisions. See Poppito v. Northwell Health, Inc., No. 15-CV-7431, 2019 WL 3767504, at *3 (E.D.N.Y. Aug. 9, 2019) (citing Kaur v. N.Y. City Health & Hosps. Corp., 688 F. Supp. 2d 317, 323 (S.D.N.Y. 2010)). 14 Because the exhibits considered by Judge Lindsay were not being offered for the truth, but rather, were being offered as evidence that Plaintiff’s termination was based upon legitimate, non-discriminatory reasons, the Court finds these documents were not “inadmissible hearsay.” Judge Lindsay having recommendation to the Accordingly, there was no error in relied upon the exhibits in making her Court; hence, Plaintiff’s objection is overruled. D. Objection 3: Evidence of Pretext As her third objection, Plaintiff asserts Judge Lindsay disregarded Plaintiff’s evidence that “Defendants’ ‘onslaught of complaints’ was a pretext” for discrimination. (Objs. at 6.) This objection, however, is premised upon a purported finding that Plaintiff established a prima facie case of sex discrimination in the first instance, which she has not for the reasons discussed supra Part II.B. See Kirkland v. Cablevision Sys., 760 F.3d 223, 225 (2d Cir. 2014) (“Once an employee makes a prima facie case of . . . discrimination . . ., the burden shifts to the employer to give a legitimate, non-discriminatory reason for its actions. If the employer does so, the burden then shifts back to the plaintiff to show that the employer’s explanation is a pretext for . . . discrimination”) (internal citations omitted). Because Plaintiff never made a prima facie showing of discrimination, the burden never shifted to Defendants to prove a non-discriminatory 15 reason for its actions, nor did it shift back to Plaintiff to show the reasons offered by Defendants were pretextual. Id. Moreover, even if the burdens had so shifted, the R&R indicates Judge Lindsay evaluated Plaintiff’s proffered evidence to support her pretext argument, but found said evidence was insufficient “to convince a reasonable jury that [Central Orthopedic]’s legitimate discriminatory reason for terminating her was a pretext.” 37.) non- (R&R at The Court agrees and therefore overrules Plaintiff’s third objection. E. Objection 4: Aiding and Abetting Discrimination Plaintiff contends Judge Lindsay erred in concluding, “[g]iven the Court’s determination [recommending dismissal of] the discrimination and retaliation claims . . . the abetting claim [should also] be dismissed.” 9-10.) This objection is unavailing. aiding and (R&R at 39; Objs. at It is well-established, and indeed logically follows, that to prove a person aided or abetted in a discriminatory practice, one must first prove the existence of the alleged underlying discriminatory practice. See Pellegrini v. Sovereign Hotels, Inc., 740 F. Supp. 2d 344, 356 (N.D.N.Y. 2010) (“Importantly, since it is the employer’s participation in the discriminatory practice which serves as the predicate for the imposition of liability on others for aiding and abetting, a plaintiff cannot prevail against an individual on her state [aiding and abetting] claims unless she can first establish the liability 16 of her employer.”) (internal citations and alterations omitted); see also Johnson v. Cnty. of Nassau, 82 F. Supp. 3d 533, 537 (E.D.N.Y. 2015) (same, but finding that such employer need not be a party to the case); Dunson v. Tri-Maint. & Contractors, Inc., 171 F. Supp. 2d 103, 114 (E.D.N.Y. 2001) (“Defendants’ argument that [an individual defendant] cannot be held liable for aiding and abetting presumes [plaintiff] has [defendant company] laws.”). failed Thus, in a determination to prove, violated light of as any a by this matter employment this Court’s court that law, that of discrimination adoption of Judge Lindsay’s recommendation that Defendants are entitled to summary judgment as to Plaintiff’s sex and age discrimination claims, the Court finds Defendants are also entitled to summary judgment as to Plaintiff’s aiding and abetting claim. Therefore, the Court overrules Plaintiff’s objection as to her aiding and abetting claim. CONCLUSION For the stated reasons, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s objections (ECF No. 67) are OVERRULED, the R&R (ECF No. 66) is ADOPTED in its entirety, and Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 53) is GRANTED. that Plaintiff’s motions: (1) to reconsideration (ECF No. 57) are DENIED. 17 It is FURTHER ORDERED strike; and (2) for It is FURTHER ORDERED that the Court declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over Plaintiff’s breach of contract claim. After judgment is entered in favor of Defendants, the Clerk of the Court is directed to mark this case CLOSED. SO ORDERED. /s/ JOANNA SEYBERT Joanna Seybert, U.S.D.J. Dated: March 26, 2024 Central Islip, New York 18

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